Teacher pay in 2020/21
In 2020/21, the average FTE salary for teachers was £41,800 per annum – an increase of £1,300 since last year.
- Classroom teacher average salary was £38,400.
- Leadership teacher (excluding headteachers) average salary was £56,400.
- Headteacher average salary was £73,500.
Average salaries vary by type of school:
- The average salary of a nursery and primary classroom teacher was £36,900
- The average salary of a secondary classroom teacher was £39,900
- The average salary of a special school classroom teacher was £38,700.
- Salaries were higher on average in LA maintained schools than academies. The exception was headteachers in academy primary schools. In previous years, headteacher salaries were also higher in academy secondary schools.
London and surrounding areas have higher average teacher salary than the rest of the country.
For further information on school and LA expenditure, please see the latest expenditure publication.
Teacher pay over time
Average salaries at all teacher grades increased since last year. The overall average FTE salary increased by over £1,000 (3.1%) to £41,800.
The average headteacher salary increased by 2.6%, whilst the average classroom teacher salary increased by 3.4%.
The difference in headteacher salaries between academy and LA-maintained schools has decreased in recent years and this year, the salaries are comparable. The difference in classroom teacher salaries has remained constant over time, however were always similar between the management types.
Comparisons between years should not be used as an indicator of pay awards as they do not compare like for like. For example, in each year teachers retire and are replaced by newly qualified teachers. The older teachers, many of whom will have been in leadership roles, will have been on higher salaries than those who are new to teaching. Also, salaries are not adjusted for inflation over time.
Teacher pay by gender
There are gender differences in the grades held by teachers, therefore this analysis focuses on classroom and leadership (excluding headteacher) teachers to compare the gender differences in average (mean) salary. For information regarding gender of teachers, please see the Teacher Characteristics section of this publication.
In nursery and primary schools, female classroom and leadership teacher salaries have consistently been higher than male classroom teacher salaries, whilst the reverse is true at secondary school level. The difference in pay has been getting gradually smaller over time.
In 2020/21, in nursery and primary schools, female teachers were paid, on average, £800 (2.4%) more than male teachers. In secondary schools, male teachers were paid, on average, £700 (1.7%) more than female teachers.