Reporting year 2023

School workforce in England

Data guidance

Published

Description

This page describes the data provided in the School Workforce in England national statistic underlying data files. This data is released under the terms of the Open Government License and is intended to meet at least 3 stars for Open Data.

The methodology should be referenced alongside this data. It provides information on the data sources, their coverage and quality, as well as explaining methodology used in producing the data.

Coverage

The School Workforce in England publication provides the latest information at national and local level on the number and characteristics of teachers and support staff that work in state-funded schools in England.

The publication summarises information collected from schools and local authorities via the November School Workforce Census and links data from other sources including the Teachers’ Pensions Scheme and the Database of Qualified Teachers. 

The publication and it's underlying data files provide information on:

  • Teacher numbers and characteristics - a time series of teacher numbers in state-funded schools in England. There are various breakdowns of these; post held, school type and phase, gender, age, ethnicity, whether they work full/part-time and whether they have Qualified Teacher Status or not.
  • Support staff numbers and characteristics - the number of teaching assistants and other school support staff employed by state-funded schools in England. This data shows the numbers by post held and has some limited characteristics data, for example post held, school type and phase, gender, age, ethnicity and whether they work full/part-time.
  • Pupil teacher ratios - pupil data from the January school census is used to produce pupil teacher ratios and pupil adult ratios (teachers and all classroom-based support) for each school type/phase.
  • Teacher turnover and retention - the number of qualified entrants to teaching (and whether they are new teachers or returners), their propensity to stay (retention), and the numbers of qualified teachers leaving the teaching profession (for example through retirement or leaving early).
  • Teacher pay - the salaries received (in £5/10 thousand bands) for all teachers and separately for classroom teachers, leadership group teachers, and head teachers. The statistics also provide an age, gender and school type/phase breakdown. Where appropriate, average mean and median salaries are provided for comparison purposes. This information is provided for the full time series available however caution should be used when drawing comparisons over time. More information on this is available in the methodology.
  • Teacher qualifications - information on the highest post-A-level qualification held by teachers (by teacher grade and school type/phase).
  • Subjects taught and specialist teaching - Estimates are provided of the number of hours taught and by how many teachers, of each subject for Key Stages 3 to 5 in a typical week.
    Estimates are provided of the number/percentage of teachers teaching each subject that have relevant post-A level qualifications in the subject. Similar data is produced showing the number of hours taught by teachers with relevant post-A level qualifications in the subject.
    Subjects taught and specialist teaching information is based on a large sample of secondary schools providing data on their teaching in a typical week.
  • Teacher vacancies - the number of advertised teaching posts that were either vacant or temporarily filled at the census date in November (which is mid term). It provides subject level estimates for these posts for secondary schools only.
  • Teacher sickness absence - the number of teachers that have taken sickness absence in the previous academic year and the number of days they were absent.
  • Teachers' Pension Scheme and teachers out of service - the overall number of teachers who have been awarded retirement benefits from the Teachers’ Pensions Scheme after leaving teaching service in England (can include further and higher education providers). Also included are estimates of the numbers of teachers with qualified teacher status in England who have left service or who never entered service.

In most cases, underlying data files include national, regional, local authority and school level information for schools in England.

File formats and conventions

Symbols used in the underlying data files are:

x = not available - information has not been collected or there are no estimates available at this level of aggregation.

z =  not applicable - statistic cannot be produced. For example where a denominator is not available to produce a percentage. 

c = confidential - where presentation of data would disclose confidential information, for example being able to identify details about a single respondent, this data must be suppressed and given this marker to maintain confidentiality clauses.

u = low reliability - values of the potentially low quality, for example where values of statistical significance have been calculated.

Data files

All data files associated with this releases are listed below with guidance on their content. To download any of these files, please visit our data catalogue.

Size of the school workforce

Filename
workforce_2010_2023_fte_hc_nat_reg_la.csv
Geographic levels
Local authority; National; Regional
Time period
2010/11 to 2023/24
Content
Headcount and Full time Equivalent of staff by type of school and characteristics including post held, age group and ethnicity (additional file at school level).
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
fte_administrative_staffFTE of administrative staff
fte_all_support_staffFTE of all support staff
fte_all_teachersFTE of all teachers
fte_all_teachers_without_qtsFTE of all teachers without qualified teacher status
fte_assistant_head_teachersFTE of assistant head teachers
fte_auxiliary_staffFTE of auxiliary staff
fte_classroom_teachersFTE of classroom teachers
fte_deputy_head_teachersFTE of deputy head teachers
fte_ft_administrative_staffFTE of full-time administrative staff
fte_ft_all_support_staffFTE of all full-time support staff
fte_ft_all_teachersFTE of all full-time teachers
fte_ft_all_teachers_without_qtsFTE of all full-time teachers without qualified teacher status
fte_ft_assistant_head_teachersFTE of full-time assistant head teachers
fte_ft_auxiliary_staffFTE of full-time auxiliary staff
fte_ft_classroom_teachersFTE of full-time classroom teachers
fte_ft_deputy_head_teachersFTE of full-time deputy head teachers
fte_ft_head_teachersFTE of full-time head teachers
fte_ft_leadership_non_teachersFTE of full-time leadership non-teachers
fte_ft_leadership_teachersFTE of full-time leadership teachers
fte_ft_other_school_support_staffFTE of full-time other school support staff
fte_ft_school_business_professionalsFTE of full-time school business professionals
fte_ft_teaching_assistantsFTE of full-time teaching assistants
fte_ft_techniciansFTE of full-time technicians
fte_head_teachersFTE of head teachers
fte_leadership_non_teachersFTE of leadership non-teachers
fte_leadership_teachersFTE of leadership teachers
fte_other_school_support_staffFTE of other school support staff
fte_pt_administrative_staffFTE of part-time administrative staff
fte_pt_all_support_staffFTE of all part-time support staff
fte_pt_all_teachersFTE of all part-time teachers
fte_pt_all_teachers_without_qtsFTE of all part-time teachers without qualified teacher status
fte_pt_assistant_head_teachersFTE of part-time assistant head teachers
fte_pt_auxiliary_staffFTE of part-time auxiliary staff
fte_pt_classroom_teachersFTE of part-time classroom teachers
fte_pt_deputy_head_teachersFTE of part-time deputy head teachers
fte_pt_head_teachersFTE of part-time head teachers
fte_pt_leadership_non_teachersFTE of part-time leadership non-teachers
fte_pt_leadership_teachersFTE of part-time leadership teachers
fte_pt_other_school_support_staffFTE of part-time other school support staff
fte_pt_school_business_professionalsFTE of part-time school business professionals
fte_pt_teaching_assistantsFTE of part-time teaching assistants
fte_pt_techniciansFTE of part-time technicians
fte_school_business_professionalsFTE of school business professionals
fte_teaching_assistantsFTE of teaching assistants
fte_techniciansFTE of technicians
fte_workforceFTE of all workforce
hc_administrative_staffHeadcount of administrative staff
hc_all_support_staffHeadcount of all support staff
hc_all_teachersHeadcount of all teachers
hc_all_teachers_without_qtsHeadcount of all teachers without qualified teacher status
hc_assistant_head_teachersHeadcount of assistant head teachers
hc_auxiliary_staffHeadcount of auxiliary staff
hc_classroom_teachersHeadcount of classroom teachers
hc_deputy_head_teachersHeadcount of deputy head teachers
hc_ft_administrative_staffHeadcount of full-time administrative staff
hc_ft_all_support_staffHeadcount of all full-time support staff
hc_ft_all_teachersHeadcount of all full-time teachers
hc_ft_all_teachers_without_qtsHeadcount of all full-time teachers without qualified teacher status
hc_ft_assistant_head_teachersHeadcount of full-time assistant head teachers
hc_ft_auxiliary_staffHeadcount of full-time auxiliary staff
hc_ft_classroom_teachersHeadcount of full-time classroom teachers
hc_ft_deputy_head_teachersHeadcount of full-time deputy head teachers
hc_ft_head_teachersHeadcount of full-time head teachers
hc_ft_leadership_non_teachersHeadcount of full-time leadership non-teachers
hc_ft_leadership_teachersHeadcount of full-time leadership teachers
hc_ft_other_school_support_staffHeadcount of full-time other school support staff
hc_ft_school_business_professionalsHeadcount of full-time school business professionals
hc_ft_teaching_assistantsHeadcount of full-time teaching assistants
hc_ft_techniciansHeadcount of full-time technicians
hc_head_teachersHeadcount of head teachers
hc_leadership_non_teachersHeadcount of leadership non-teachers
hc_leadership_teachersHeadcount of leadership teachers
hc_occasional_teachersHeadcount of occasional teachers
hc_other_school_support_staffHeadcount of other school support staff
hc_pt_administrative_staffHeadcount of part-time administrative staff
hc_pt_all_support_staffHeadcount of all part-time support staff
hc_pt_all_teachersHeadcount of all part-time teachers
hc_pt_all_teachers_without_qtsHeadcount of all part-time teachers without qualified teacher status
hc_pt_assistant_head_teachersHeadcount of part-time assistant head teachers
hc_pt_auxiliary_staffHeadcount of part-time auxiliary staff
hc_pt_classroom_teachersHeadcount of part-time classroom teachers
hc_pt_deputy_head_teachersHeadcount of part-time deputy head teachers
hc_pt_head_teachersHeadcount of part-time head teachers
hc_pt_leadership_non_teachersHeadcount of part-time leadership non-teachers
hc_pt_leadership_teachersHeadcount of part-time leadership teachers
hc_pt_other_school_support_staffHeadcount of part-time other school support staff
hc_pt_school_business_professionalsHeadcount of part-time school business professionals
hc_pt_teaching_assistantsHeadcount of part-time teaching assistants
hc_pt_techniciansHeadcount of part-time technicians
hc_school_business_professionalsHeadcount of school business professionals
hc_teaching_assistantsHeadcount of teaching assistants
hc_techniciansHeadcount of technicians
hc_third_party_support_staffHeadcount of third-party staff
hc_workforceHeadcount of all workforce
number_schoolsNumber of schools
percent_pt_teacherPercent of all teachers that are part-time
ratio_of_teaching_assistants_to_all_teachersRatio of teaching assistants to all teachers
school_typeType of school
Footnotes
  1. Two new posts of school business professional and leadership non-teacher are reported for the first time in 2023/24. School business professionals include roles such as bursar, business manager, finance officer, office manager, premises manager or ICT network manager. Leadership non-teachers are members of the school's senior leadership team who are not reported in a teaching post. These new posts have displaced reporting from other posts, particularly administrative staff.

Size of the school workforce - school level

Filename
workforce_2010_2023_fte_hc_nat_reg_la_sch.csv
Geographic levels
School
Time period
2010/11 to 2023/24
Content
Headcount and Full time Equivalent of staff by type of school and characteristics including post held, age group and ethnicity (additional file at school level)
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
fte_administrative_staffFTE of administrative staff
fte_all_support_staffFTE of all support staff
fte_all_teachersFTE of all teachers
fte_all_teachers_without_qtsFTE of all teachers without qualified teacher status
fte_assistant_head_teachersFTE of assistant head teachers
fte_auxiliary_staffFTE of auxiliary staff
fte_classroom_teachersFTE of classroom teachers
fte_deputy_head_teachersFTE of deputy head teachers
fte_ft_administrative_staffFTE of full-time administrative staff
fte_ft_all_support_staffFTE of all full-time support staff
fte_ft_all_teachersFTE of all full-time teachers
fte_ft_all_teachers_without_qtsFTE of all full-time teachers without qualified teacher status
fte_ft_assistant_head_teachersFTE of full-time assistant head teachers
fte_ft_auxiliary_staffFTE of full-time auxiliary staff
fte_ft_classroom_teachersFTE of full-time classroom teachers
fte_ft_deputy_head_teachersFTE of full-time deputy head teachers
fte_ft_head_teachersFTE of full-time head teachers
fte_ft_leadership_non_teachersFTE of full-time leadership non-teachers
fte_ft_leadership_teachersFTE of full-time leadership teachers
fte_ft_other_school_support_staffFTE of full-time other school support staff
fte_ft_school_business_professionalsFTE of full-time school business professionals
fte_ft_teaching_assistantsFTE of full-time teaching assistants
fte_ft_techniciansFTE of full-time technicians
fte_head_teachersFTE of head teachers
fte_leadership_non_teachersFTE of leadership non-teachers
fte_leadership_teachersFTE of leadership teachers
fte_other_school_support_staffFTE of other school support staff
fte_pt_administrative_staffFTE of part-time administrative staff
fte_pt_all_support_staffFTE of all part-time support staff
fte_pt_all_teachersFTE of all part-time teachers
fte_pt_all_teachers_without_qtsFTE of all part-time teachers without qualified teacher status
fte_pt_assistant_head_teachersFTE of part-time assistant head teachers
fte_pt_auxiliary_staffFTE of part-time auxiliary staff
fte_pt_classroom_teachersFTE of part-time classroom teachers
fte_pt_deputy_head_teachersFTE of part-time deputy head teachers
fte_pt_head_teachersFTE of part-time head teachers
fte_pt_leadership_non_teachersFTE of part-time leadership non-teachers
fte_pt_leadership_teachersFTE of part-time leadership teachers
fte_pt_other_school_support_staffFTE of part-time other school support staff
fte_pt_school_business_professionalsFTE of part-time school business professionals
fte_pt_teaching_assistantsFTE of part-time teaching assistants
fte_pt_techniciansFTE of part-time technicians
fte_school_business_professionalsFTE of school business professionals
fte_teaching_assistantsFTE of teaching assistants
fte_techniciansFTE of technicians
fte_workforceFTE of all workforce
hc_administrative_staffHeadcount of administrative staff
hc_all_support_staffHeadcount of all support staff
hc_all_teachersHeadcount of all teachers
hc_all_teachers_without_qtsHeadcount of all teachers without qualified teacher status
hc_assistant_head_teachersHeadcount of assistant head teachers
hc_auxiliary_staffHeadcount of auxiliary staff
hc_classroom_teachersHeadcount of classroom teachers
hc_deputy_head_teachersHeadcount of deputy head teachers
hc_ft_administrative_staffHeadcount of full-time administrative staff
hc_ft_all_support_staffHeadcount of all full-time support staff
hc_ft_all_teachersHeadcount of all full-time teachers
hc_ft_all_teachers_without_qtsHeadcount of all full-time teachers without qualified teacher status
hc_ft_assistant_head_teachersHeadcount of full-time assistant head teachers
hc_ft_auxiliary_staffHeadcount of full-time auxiliary staff
hc_ft_classroom_teachersHeadcount of full-time classroom teachers
hc_ft_deputy_head_teachersHeadcount of full-time deputy head teachers
hc_ft_head_teachersHeadcount of full-time head teachers
hc_ft_leadership_non_teachersHeadcount of full-time leadership non-teachers
hc_ft_leadership_teachersHeadcount of full-time leadership teachers
hc_ft_other_school_support_staffHeadcount of full-time other school support staff
hc_ft_school_business_professionalsHeadcount of full-time school business professionals
hc_ft_teaching_assistantsHeadcount of full-time teaching assistants
hc_ft_techniciansHeadcount of full-time technicians
hc_head_teachersHeadcount of head teachers
hc_leadership_non_teachersHeadcount of leadership non-teachers
hc_leadership_teachersHeadcount of leadership teachers
hc_occasional_teachersHeadcount of occasional teachers
hc_other_school_support_staffHeadcount of other school support staff
hc_pt_administrative_staffHeadcount of part-time administrative staff
hc_pt_all_support_staffHeadcount of all part-time support staff
hc_pt_all_teachersHeadcount of all part-time teachers
hc_pt_all_teachers_without_qtsHeadcount of all part-time teachers without qualified teacher status
hc_pt_assistant_head_teachersHeadcount of part-time assistant head teachers
hc_pt_auxiliary_staffHeadcount of part-time auxiliary staff
hc_pt_classroom_teachersHeadcount of part-time classroom teachers
hc_pt_deputy_head_teachersHeadcount of part-time deputy head teachers
hc_pt_head_teachersHeadcount of part-time head teachers
hc_pt_leadership_non_teachersHeadcount of part-time leadership non-teachers
hc_pt_leadership_teachersHeadcount of part-time leadership teachers
hc_pt_other_school_support_staffHeadcount of part-time other school support staff
hc_pt_school_business_professionalsHeadcount of part-time school business professionals
hc_pt_teaching_assistantsHeadcount of part-time teaching assistants
hc_pt_techniciansHeadcount of part-time technicians
hc_school_business_professionalsHeadcount of school business professionals
hc_teaching_assistantsHeadcount of teaching assistants
hc_techniciansHeadcount of technicians
hc_third_party_support_staffHeadcount of third-party staff
hc_workforceHeadcount of all workforce
number_schoolsNumber of schools
percent_pt_teacherPercent of all teachers that are part-time
ratio_of_teaching_assistants_to_all_teachersRatio of teaching assistants to all teachers
school_typeType of school

Size of the school workforce - parliamentary constituency level

Filename
workforce_2010_2023_fte_hc_pcon.csv
Geographic levels
Parliamentary constituency
Time period
2010/11 to 2023/24
Content
Teacher and support staff full time equivalent and headcount by parliamentary constituency
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
fte_administrative_staffFTE of administrative staff
fte_all_support_staffFTE of all support staff
fte_all_teachersFTE of all teachers
fte_all_teachers_without_qtsFTE of all teachers without qualified teacher status
fte_assistant_head_teachersFTE of assistant head teachers
fte_auxiliary_staffFTE of auxiliary staff
fte_classroom_teachersFTE of classroom teachers
fte_deputy_head_teachersFTE of deputy head teachers
fte_ft_administrative_staffFTE of full-time administrative staff
fte_ft_all_support_staffFTE of all full-time support staff
fte_ft_all_teachersFTE of all full-time teachers
fte_ft_all_teachers_without_qtsFTE of all full-time teachers without qualified teacher status
fte_ft_assistant_head_teachersFTE of full-time assistant head teachers
fte_ft_auxiliary_staffFTE of full-time auxiliary staff
fte_ft_classroom_teachersFTE of full-time classroom teachers
fte_ft_deputy_head_teachersFTE of full-time deputy head teachers
fte_ft_head_teachersFTE of full-time head teachers
fte_ft_leadership_non_teachersFTE of full-time leadership non-teachers
fte_ft_leadership_teachersFTE of full-time leadership teachers
fte_ft_other_school_support_staffFTE of full-time other school support staff
fte_ft_school_business_professionalsFTE of full-time school business professionals
fte_ft_teaching_assistantsFTE of full-time teaching assistants
fte_ft_techniciansFTE of full-time technicians
fte_head_teachersFTE of head teachers
fte_leadership_non_teachersFTE of leadership non-teachers
fte_leadership_teachersFTE of leadership teachers
fte_other_school_support_staffFTE of other school support staff
fte_pt_administrative_staffFTE of part-time administrative staff
fte_pt_all_support_staffFTE of all part-time support staff
fte_pt_all_teachersFTE of all part-time teachers
fte_pt_all_teachers_without_qtsFTE of all part-time teachers without qualified teacher status
fte_pt_assistant_head_teachersFTE of part-time assistant head teachers
fte_pt_auxiliary_staffFTE of part-time auxiliary staff
fte_pt_classroom_teachersFTE of part-time classroom teachers
fte_pt_deputy_head_teachersFTE of part-time deputy head teachers
fte_pt_head_teachersFTE of part-time head teachers
fte_pt_leadership_non_teachersFTE of part-time leadership non-teachers
fte_pt_leadership_teachersFTE of part-time leadership teachers
fte_pt_other_school_support_staffFTE of part-time other school support staff
fte_pt_school_business_professionalsFTE of part-time school business professionals
fte_pt_teaching_assistantsFTE of part-time teaching assistants
fte_pt_techniciansFTE of part-time technicians
fte_school_business_professionalsFTE of school business professionals
fte_teaching_assistantsFTE of teaching assistants
fte_techniciansFTE of technicians
fte_workforceFTE of all workforce
hc_administrative_staffHeadcount of administrative staff
hc_all_support_staffHeadcount of all support staff
hc_all_teachersHeadcount of all teachers
hc_all_teachers_without_qtsHeadcount of all teachers without qualified teacher status
hc_assistant_head_teachersHeadcount of assistant head teachers
hc_auxiliary_staffHeadcount of auxiliary staff
hc_classroom_teachersHeadcount of classroom teachers
hc_deputy_head_teachersHeadcount of deputy head teachers
hc_ft_administrative_staffHeadcount of full-time administrative staff
hc_ft_all_support_staffHeadcount of all full-time support staff
hc_ft_all_teachersHeadcount of all full-time teachers
hc_ft_all_teachers_without_qtsHeadcount of all full-time teachers without qualified teacher status
hc_ft_assistant_head_teachersHeadcount of full-time assistant head teachers
hc_ft_auxiliary_staffHeadcount of full-time auxiliary staff
hc_ft_classroom_teachersHeadcount of full-time classroom teachers
hc_ft_deputy_head_teachersHeadcount of full-time deputy head teachers
hc_ft_head_teachersHeadcount of full-time head teachers
hc_ft_leadership_non_teachersHeadcount of full-time leadership non-teachers
hc_ft_leadership_teachersHeadcount of full-time leadership teachers
hc_ft_other_school_support_staffHeadcount of full-time other school support staff
hc_ft_school_business_professionalsHeadcount of full-time school business professionals
hc_ft_teaching_assistantsHeadcount of full-time teaching assistants
hc_ft_techniciansHeadcount of full-time technicians
hc_head_teachersHeadcount of head teachers
hc_leadership_non_teachersHeadcount of leadership non-teachers
hc_leadership_teachersHeadcount of leadership teachers
hc_occasional_teachersHeadcount of occasional teachers
hc_other_school_support_staffHeadcount of other school support staff
hc_pt_administrative_staffHeadcount of part-time administrative staff
hc_pt_all_support_staffHeadcount of all part-time support staff
hc_pt_all_teachersHeadcount of all part-time teachers
hc_pt_all_teachers_without_qtsHeadcount of all part-time teachers without qualified teacher status
hc_pt_assistant_head_teachersHeadcount of part-time assistant head teachers
hc_pt_auxiliary_staffHeadcount of part-time auxiliary staff
hc_pt_classroom_teachersHeadcount of part-time classroom teachers
hc_pt_deputy_head_teachersHeadcount of part-time deputy head teachers
hc_pt_head_teachersHeadcount of part-time head teachers
hc_pt_leadership_non_teachersHeadcount of part-time leadership non-teachers
hc_pt_leadership_teachersHeadcount of part-time leadership teachers
hc_pt_other_school_support_staffHeadcount of part-time other school support staff
hc_pt_school_business_professionalsHeadcount of part-time school business professionals
hc_pt_teaching_assistantsHeadcount of part-time teaching assistants
hc_pt_techniciansHeadcount of part-time technicians
hc_school_business_professionalsHeadcount of school business professionals
hc_teaching_assistantsHeadcount of teaching assistants
hc_techniciansHeadcount of technicians
hc_third_party_support_staffHeadcount of third-party staff
hc_workforceHeadcount of all workforce
number_schoolsNumber of schools returning data
Footnotes
  1. Two new posts of school business professional and leadership non-teacher are reported for the first time in 2023/24. School business professionals include roles such as bursar, business manager, finance officer, office manager, premises manager or ICT network manager. Leadership non-teachers are members of the school's senior leadership team who are not reported in a teaching post. These new posts have displaced reporting from other posts, particularly administrative staff.

Teacher characteristics

Filename
workforce_teacher_characteristics_2010_2023_nat_reg_la.csv
Geographic levels
Local authority; National; Regional
Time period
2010/11 to 2023/24
Content
Teacher FTE and headcount numbers by type of school and characteristics including age group, working pattern, grade and ethnicity (additional ancillary file at school level)
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
age_groupAge Group
ethnicity_minorEthnicity minor
fte_percent_within_gender_gradeFull-time equivalent percent within gender grade
full_time_equivalentFull-time equivalent
genderGender
gradeGrade
headcountHeadcount
headcount_percent_within_gender_gradeHeadcount percent within gender grade
on_routeOn route
qts_statusQTS Status
school_typeType of school
working_patternWorking pattern

Support staff characteristics

Filename
workforce_support_staff_characteristics_2010_2023_nat_reg_la.csv
Geographic levels
Local authority; National; Regional
Time period
2011/12 to 2023/24
Content
Support staff FTE and headcount by type of school and characteristics including post held, age group and ethnicity (additional ancillary file at school level).
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
age_groupAge group
ethnicity_minorEthnicity minor
fte_percent_within_gender_postFull-time equivalent percent within gender post
full_time_equivalentFull-time equivalent
genderGender
headcountHeadcount
headcount_percent_within_gender_postHeadcount percent within gender post
postPost
school_typeType of school
working_patternWorking pattern
Footnotes
  1. Two new posts of school business professional and leadership non-teacher are reported for the first time in 2023/24. School business professionals include roles such as bursar, business manager, finance officer, office manager, premises manager or ICT network manager. Leadership non-teachers are members of the school's senior leadership team who are not reported in a teaching post. These new posts have displaced reporting from other posts, particularly administrative staff.

Third party support staff - school level

Filename
third_party_support_staff_school_2011_2023.csv
Geographic levels
School
Time period
2011/12 to 2023/24
Content
Third-party support staff - school level
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
headcountHeadcount
postPost

Occasional teachers - school level

Filename
occasional_teachers_school_2010_2023.csv
Geographic levels
School
Time period
2010/11 to 2023/24
Content
Teachers with a contract or service agreement for fewer than 28 days
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
headcountHeadcount
qts_statusQualified Teacher Status

Educational psychologists - la level

Filename
educational_psychologists_la_2010_2023.csv
Geographic levels
Local authority
Time period
2010/11 to 2023/24
Content
Educational psychologists centrally employed by local authorities for 28 days or more
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
fteFull time equivalent
headcountHeadcount
working_patternWorking pattern

Pupil to teacher ratios

Filename
workforce_ptrs_2010_2023_nat_reg_la.csv
Geographic levels
Local authority; National; Regional
Time period
2010/11 to 2023/24
Content
Pupil to teacher ratios and pupil to adult ratios in state-funded schools.
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
adults_fteNumber of FTE adults
number_schoolsNumber of schools
pupil_to_adult_ratioPupil to adult ratio within-schools
pupil_to_qual_teacher_ratioPupil to teacher ratio (Qualified) within-schools
pupil_to_qual_unqual_teacher_ratioPupil to teacher ratio (Qualified and unqualified teachers) within-schools
pupils_fteNumber of FTE pupils
qualified_teachers_fteNumber of FTE qualified teachers
school_typeType of school
teachers_fteNumber of FTE teachers

Pupil to teacher ratios - school level

Filename
workforce_ptrs_2010_2023_sch.csv
Geographic levels
School
Time period
2010/11 to 2023/24
Content
Pupil to teacher ratios and pupil to adult ratios in state-funded schools (school level)
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
adults_fteNumber of FTE adults
number_schoolsNumber of schools
pupil_to_adult_ratioPupil to adult ratio within-schools
pupil_to_qual_teacher_ratioPupil to teacher ratio (Qualified) within-schools
pupil_to_qual_unqual_teacher_ratioPupil to teacher ratio (Qualified and unqualified teachers) within-schools
pupils_fteNumber of FTE pupils
qualified_teachers_fteNumber of FTE qualified teachers
school_typeType of school
teachers_fteNumber of FTE teachers

Pupil to teacher ratios - parliamentary constituency level

Filename
workforce_ptrs_2010_2023_pcon.csv
Geographic levels
Parliamentary constituency
Time period
2010/11 to 2023/24
Content
Pupil to teacher ratios and pupil to adult ratios by parliamentary constituency
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
adults_fteNumber of FTE adults
number_schoolsNumber of schools
pupil_to_adult_ratioPupil to adult ratio within-schools
pupil_to_qual_teacher_ratioPupil to teacher ratio (Qualified) within-schools
pupil_to_qual_unqual_teacher_ratioPupil to teacher ratio (Qualified and unqualified teachers) within-schools
pupils_fteNumber of FTE pupils
qualified_teachers_fteNumber of FTE qualified teachers
teachers_fteNumber of FTE teachers

Teacher qualifications

Filename
workforce_teacher_qual_lev_2010_2023_nat_reg_la.csv
Geographic levels
Local authority; National; Regional
Time period
2010/11 to 2023/24
Content
Headcount of teachers in state funded schools by type of school, grade and highest level of post A level qualification
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
gradeGrade of teacher
headcountHeadcount
highest_level_qualHighest level of qualification
school_typeType of school

Qualified entrants to teaching

Filename
workforce_qual_entrants_2011_2023_national.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2011/12 to 2023/24
Content
Full time equivalent qualified teacher entrants by category including school type, gender, age group and type of entrant
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
age_groupAge group
entrant_typeType of entrant
ethnicity_majorEthnicity major
fte_entrantsFTE number of entrants
fte_entrants_percentEntrants rate
genderGender
gradePost appointed to
school_typeType of school
working_patternWorking pattern

Qualified leavers from teaching

Filename
workforce_qual_leavers_2010_2022_national.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2010/11 to 2022/23
Content
Full time equivalent qualified teacher leavers by category including school type, gender, age group and type of entrant
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
age_groupAge group
ethnicity_majorEthnicity major
fte_leaversFTE number of leavers
fte_leavers_percentLeavers rate
genderGender
gradePost on leaving
leaver_typeType of leaver
school_typeType of school
working_patternWorking pattern

Teacher retention

Filename
retention_1996_2023_nat.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2023 November
Content
Percentage of teachers remaining in state-funded schools in England in the years following obtaining their Qualified Teacher Status (QTS), by year of gaining QTS
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
eight_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 8 years after qualifying
eighteen_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 18 years after qualifying
eleven_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 11 years after qualifying
fifteen_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 15 years after qualifying
five_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 5 years after qualifying
four_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 4 years after qualifying
fourteen_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 14 years after qualifying
nine_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 9 years after qualifying
nineteen_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 19 years after qualifying
one_yr_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 1 year after qualifying
seven_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 7 years after qualifying
seventeen_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 17 years after qualifying
six_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 6 years after qualifying
sixteen_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 16 years after qualifying
ten_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 10 years after qualifying
thirteen_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 13 years after qualifying
three_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 3 years after qualifying
twelve_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 12 years after qualifying
twenty_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 20 years after qualifying
twentyfive_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 25 years after qualifying
twentyfour_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 24 years after qualifying
twentyone_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 21 years after qualifying
twentysix_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 26 years after qualifying
twentythree_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 23 years after qualifying
twentytwo_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 22 years after qualifying
two_yrs_after_qualifying_percentPercentage of teachers still in service 2 years after qualifying
year_qualifiedYear teacher qualified

Teacher vacancies

Filename
vacancies_number_rate_nat_reg_la_2010_2023.csv
Geographic levels
Local authority; National; Regional
Time period
2010/11 to 2023/24
Content
Full and part time teacher vacancies, temporarily filled posts in state-funded schools in England, by sector and grade. Numbers and rates.
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
post_gradeVacancy grade
rateRate of vacancies
school_typeType of school
tempfilledNumber of temporary filled posts
temprateRate of temporary filled posts
vacancyNumber of teacher vacancies

Teacher vacancies by subject

Filename
vacancies_secondary_classroom_teachers_subjects_nat_2010_2023.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2010/11 to 2023/24
Content
Full and part time teacher vacancies, temporarily filled posts in state-funded schools in England, by subject. Numbers and rates
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
vacanciesNumber of teacher vacancies
vacancy_rateRate of vacancies
vacancy_subjectVacancy subject

Teacher vacancies - school level

Filename
vacancies_number_rate_sch_2010_2023.csv
Geographic levels
School
Time period
2010/11 to 2023/24
Content
Full and part time teacher vacancies, temporarily filled posts in state-funded schools in England, by sector and grade. Numbers and rates. Includes school level data.
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
rateRate of vacancies
school_typeType of school
tempfilledNumber of temporary filled posts
temprateRate of temporary filled posts
vacancyNumber of teacher vacancies

Teacher pay

Filename
workforce_teacher_pay_2010_2023_nat_reg_la.csv
Geographic levels
Local authority; National; Regional
Time period
2010/11 to 2023/24
Content
Full and part-time teachers in state funded schools by grade of teacher, salary bands, average salary, sector, gender and age
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
age_categoryAge of teachers
average_meanMean pay
average_medianMedian pay
genderGender of teacher
gradeGrade of teacher
headcount_100_to_110kHeadcount of teachers earning £100-110K
headcount_110k_and_overHeadcount of teachers earning £110K and over
headcount_25_to_30kHeadcount of teachers earning £25-30K
headcount_30_to_35kHeadcount of teachers earning £30-35K
headcount_35_to_40kHeadcount of teachers earning £35-40K
headcount_40_to_45kHeadcount of teachers earning £40-45K
headcount_45_to_50kHeadcount of teachers earning £45-50K
headcount_50_to_55kHeadcount of teachers earning £50-55K
headcount_55_to_60kHeadcount of teachers earning £55-60K
headcount_60_to_65kHeadcount of teachers earning £60-65K
headcount_65_to_70kHeadcount of teachers earning £65-70K
headcount_70_to_80kHeadcount of teachers earning £70-80K
headcount_80_to_90kHeadcount of teachers earning £80-90K
headcount_90_to_100kHeadcount of teachers earning £90-100K
headcount_allHeadcount of teachers
headcount_under_25kHeadcount of teachers earning under £25K
headcount_unknown_payHeadcount of teachers with unknown pay
school_typeType of school
teachers_on_leadership_pay_range_percentPercentage of teachers on leadership pay range

Teacher pay - school level

Filename
workforce_teacher_pay_2010_2023_school.csv
Geographic levels
School
Time period
2010/11 to 2023/24
Content
Full and part-time teachers in state funded schools by grade of teacher, salary bands, average salary, sector, gender and age. At school level.
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
average_meanMean pay
average_medianMedian pay
headcount_allHeadcount of teachers
school_typeType of school
teachers_on_leadership_pay_range_percentPercentage of teachers on leadership pay range

Subjects taught

Filename
workforce_secondary_subjects_taught_2011_2023.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2011/12 to 2023/24
Content
Headcount of teachers and the number of hours taught by subject to year groups 7-13 in state-funded secondary schools
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
hours_allyrsNumber of hours taught for all years
hours_yrs1011Number of hours taught for years 10 and 11
hours_yrs1213Number of hours taught for years 12 and 13
hours_yrs79Number of hours taught for years 7 to 9
subjectSubject taught
teachers_allyrsNumber of teachers of all years
teachers_yrs1011Number of teachers of years 10 and 11
teachers_yrs1213Number of teachers of years 12 and 13
teachers_yrs79Number of teachers of years 7 to 9
Footnotes
  1. Teachers were counted once against each subject and key stage they taught, irrespective of the time spent teaching. Therefore, teachers may be counted against multiple subjects and key stages so sums of these categories may be greater than the number of secondary school teachers.

Specialist teachers and hours

Filename
workforce_secondary_specialist_teaching_2014_2023.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2014/15 to 2023/24
Content
Percent of hours taught by teachers with post-A level qualification in relevant subject and percent of teachers holding qualification in relevant subject by highest qualification
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
highest_qualificationHighest qualification of teacher
percentage_hoursPercentage of hours taught by teacher with qualification
percentage_teachersPercentage of teachers with qualification
subjectSubject taught
Footnotes
  1. Teachers were counted once against each subject and key stage they taught, irrespective of the time spent teaching. Therefore, teachers may be counted against multiple subjects and key stages so sums of these categories may be greater than the number of secondary school teachers.

Teacher absences

Filename
sickness_absence_teachers_nat_reg_la.csv
Geographic levels
Local authority; National; Regional
Time period
2014/15 to 2022/23
Content
Full and part time teacher vacancies, temporarily filled posts in state-funded schools in England, by sector and grade. Numbers and rates.
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
average_number_of_days_all_teachersAverage number of days taken in sickness absence by all teachers
average_number_of_days_takenAverage number of days taken by each teacher who took sickness absence
percentage_taking_absencePercentage of teachers who took sickness absence
total_number_of_days_lostTotal number of working days lost to sickness absence
total_teachers_taking_absenceTotal teachers taking sickness absence
Footnotes
  1. Absences are reported by academic year, in arrears.
  2. Sickness absence data collected in the November 2021 census relating to the 2020/21 academic year is affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. It is not possible to draw accurate comparisons with other years due to factors including partially limited school openings, delivery of education via virtual means in some cases, and potential differences in the recording of sickness absence. The figures relate to sickness absence only and do not include non-attendance due to, for example, isolation and shielding.
  3. To reduce burden during the pandemic, schools were not required to provide information on teacher absences for 2019/20.

Teacher absences - school level

Filename
sickness_absence_teachers_sch.csv
Geographic levels
School
Time period
2014/15 to 2022/23
Content
Full and part time teacher vacancies, temporarily filled posts in state-funded schools in England, by sector and grade. Numbers and rates. School level.
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
average_number_of_days_all_teachersAverage number of days taken in sickness absence by all teachers
average_number_of_days_takenAverage number of days taken by each teacher who took sickness absence
percentage_taking_absencePercentage of teachers who took sickness absence
school_typeType of school
total_number_of_days_lostTotal number of working days lost to sickness absence
total_teachers_taking_absenceTotal teachers taking sickness absence

Teacher's Pensions Scheme first awards

Filename
teachers_pension_scheme_first_awards_2011_2023_nat.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2011-12 to 2022-23
Content
First awards under the Teachers' Pensions Scheme, by type of award and year
Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
ageAge retirement
age_groupAge group
all_retirementsAll first award types
arbAge actuarially reduced benefits
genderGender
gradeGrade of last post
ill_healthIll health
prematurePremature
school_typeType of school
Footnotes
  1. The number of awards may be revised for each past year as late applications for pension benefits are processed.
  2. Ill health - early retirement at reduced rate due to ill health; Premature - early retirement following redundancy; Age Actuarially Reduced Benefit - early retirement at reduced rate before normal pension age; Age retirement - at normal pension age or later.