Participation by gender
Females aged 16-18 have higher participation rates than males largely due to more being in full-time education. 83.3% of females were participating in education or apprenticeships at end 2021 compared with 79.3% of males.
Looking at the main study type, males are more likely to be on apprenticeships or in part-time education than females, both whilst still in compulsory education (age 16-17) and when moving into post compulsory education at age 18.
NEET by gender
NEET rates for both genders are higher at 18 than at 16-17, however rates for females are lower than their male counterparts.
Institution type of those in full-time education by gender
Most young people are studying in state-funded schools or general FE colleges.
A higher proportion of females study in schools than males, and a higher proportion of males study in general FE colleges then females.
16-17 year olds are required to remain in education and training in England following raising the participation age legislation in 2013.
Most study is in HE institutions and there is notable variation by gender, with more females than males in HE institutions, a difference of 10.4 percentage points.
Males are slightly more likely to study in a general FE college at 18 than females.
18 year olds are in the first year post compulsory education.
Highest qualification aim of those in full-time education by gender
Highest qualification aims differ by gender with 16-17 year old females more likely to be studying for A/AS levels than males, and more males studying for qualifications at level 2 or below.
As seen, the proportion of 16-17 year olds studying for a level 3 as their highest qualification aim is at a record high, 67.9%. This rise is driven by an increase in male study at level 3.
At age 18, as we might expect given more females are in higher education institutions than males, more females are studying for a qualification at level 4 or above.