- Level 2 and 3 attainment at 19 figure refers to the whole 19 year old population.
- English and maths figures relate to those educated in the state-sector at age 15.
- Figures in table images have been rounded.
This document describes the data included in the ‘Level 2 and 3 attainment by young people aged 19 in 2020’ National Statistics release’s underlying data file. This data is released under the terms of the Open Government License and is intended to meet at least three stars for Open Data.
The underlying data files include:
1, Overall national estimates
(i) Numbers (numerators) are based upon all young people in the dataset (the Young Person’s Matched Administrative Dataset, or YPMAD), not just those in the state sector at 15.
(ii) The cohort sizes (denominators) are taken from school census population data when learners were academic age 14 (i.e. age 14 at the start of the academic year; 15 by the end of the academic year). It includes those in independent schools, alternative provision and PRUs who are excluded from the state-funded cohort figures.
The following underlying data reports on attainment for young people who were in the mainstream state sector at academic age 15. As well as overall attainment for this group, we report on attainment by characteristics, as recorded in the school census at academic age 15. All estimates are based on the YPMAD dataset.
2, National estimates by characteristics for those in the state sector at academic age 15
(i) Numbers are based upon the number of young people in the state sector at academic age 15 who reached Level 2/3 or Level 2 with English and maths by 19.
(ii) The cohort is the number that were in the state sector at academic age 15.
(iii) Pupils attending independent schools, PRUs and other non-mainstream provision at academic age 15 are excluded from these figures.
3, Local authority figures by characteristics for those in the state sector at academic age 15
(i) The cohort and attainment numbers are as in ‘2, National estimates by characteristics’.
(ii) The figures are calculated for each local authority based on where the pupil was learning at academic age 15.
(iii) Regional figures are aggregated from local authority figures and are not directly comparable with ‘1, Overall national estimates’.
The technical document published with the release should be referenced alongside this data. It provides information on the data sources, their coverage and quality as well as explaining the methodology used in producing the data.
All figures in the underlying data are unrounded except in the local authority underlying data where regional and national figures have been rounded to the nearest 10 in order to avoid secondary suppression within local authorities.
In the local authority data all figures where the cohort is 5 or less have been suppressed to avoid disclosure.
All characteristic data for the Isles of Scilly has been suppressed due to risk of disclosure due to small cohorts.
The gender of the pupil is recorded as male or female on the school census. If a school is unsure as to which gender should be recorded for a particular pupil, the advice from the department is to record the gender according to the wishes of the pupil and/or parent.
In order to be counted as disadvantaged the learner must have been recorded as falling into at least one of the following categories by (academic) age 15;
Free school meals
Free School Meals (FSM) is a binary indicator variable that states whether a pupil's family have claimed eligibility for free school meals in the academic year reported at the time of the annual spring school census. Parents are able to claim free school meals if they receive a qualifying benefit.
Please note: The FSM variable does not relate to pupils who actually received free school meals but those who are eligible to receive free school meals. Pupils not eligible for free school meals or unclassified pupils are described as ‘Not eligible for FSM’ in this release.
Ethnicity is broken down into two main variables: a minor grouping variable and a major grouping variable.
If a pupil or parent has refused to give the information then refused is recorded and returned. Ethnicity is a personal awareness of a common cultural identity. Ethnicity relates to how a person feels and not necessarily how they are perceived by others. It is a subjective decision as to which category a person places themselves in and therefore does not infer any other characteristics such as religion, country of origin etc. Ethnicity monitoring advice is available from the Department’s website.
Table 1: The DfE main ethnicity categories and descriptions
|Ethnic grouping||code||code description|
|White||WBRI||White – British|
|White||WIRI||White – Irish|
|White||WIRT||Traveller of Irish Heritage|
|White||WOTH||Any other White Background|
|White||WROM||Gypsy / Roma|
|Mixed||MWBC||White and Black Caribbean|
|Mixed||MWBA||White and Black African|
|Mixed||MWAS||White and Asian|
|Mixed||MOTH||Any Other Mixed Background|
|Asian||AOTH||Any Other Asian Background|
|Black||BOTH||Any Other Black Background|
|Other||OOTH||Any Other Ethnic Group|
|Information not obtained||NOBT||Information not obtained|
Special Educational Needs
The SEN variable indicates whether a young person has learning difficulties or disabilities that make it harder for them to learn than most young people of the same age.
Prior to 2015 the school census return for pupils with special educational needs comprised those at School Action, School Action Plus or with statements of SEN:
The 2015 school census return changed to take account of the implementation of the SEND reforms introduced in September 2014. Two new categories were added:
The transfer of statements to an EHC plan took place in April 2018. All categories are included in this release.
Special primary educational need
The SEN type field on the school census records the nature of a pupil’s primary special educational need.
Up to and including 2014, the type of special educational need was only collected for those with a statement or on school action plus. In 2015, the type of special educational need was collected for all those: with a statement, with an Education, Health and Care (EHC) plan, on School Action Plus or on SEN Support.
In 2016, the type of special educational need was collected for all those with a statement, with an EHC plan, or on SEN support.
Table 2: Pupil SEN type
|SPLD||Specific Learning Difficulty|
|MLD||Moderate Learning Difficulty|
|SLD||Severe Learning Difficulty|
|PMLD||Profound & Multiple Learning Difficulty|
|BESD||Behaviour, Emotional & Social Difficulties||BESD replaced with|
|SEMH||Social, Emotional and Mental Health||SEMH in 2015 census|
|SLCN||Speech, Language and Communication Needs|
|ASD||Autistic Spectrum Disorder|
|OTH||Other Difficulty / Disability|
Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI)
IDACI is provided by the Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG), now the ministry of Housing, Communities & Local Government (MHCLG). The index is based on Super Output Areas (SOAs) in England based on 2001 census data. Each SOA is given a rank between 1 and 34,378 where 1 is the most deprived SOA.
IDACI is a subset of the Income Deprivation Domain of the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IoD). Each SOA is given a score showing the percentage of pupils aged under 16 that live in families that are income deprived, i.e. they are in receipt of certain benefits and their equivalised income is below 60% of the median before housing costs.
The IDACI bands used in this publication are based on 2015 IDACI scores.
Geographic data which is matched to DfE data collections and used in all official statistics is provided by ONS Geography, a business unit of ONS that provides the geographic data and services that support the production of high quality statistics.
The ONS’s presentation guidance for administrative areas sets out the recommended standard for presenting and publishing statistics at regional and sub-regional levels in the UK ONS guidance: presenting statistics for administrative areas.
The geography structures and codes used in the production of DfE’s statistical releases can be downloaded from the ONS geography portal.
Local authority (LA) tables show the LA that maintains the school which returned the school census.
All data files associated with this releases are listed below with guidance on their content. To download any of these files, please visit our data catalogue.