The Cohort-based Higher Education Participation (CHEP) measure
This statistic measures higher education (HE) participation by school cohorts. It calculates the proportion of the population aiming to complete a qualification at HE level.
The percentage of individuals entering HE is measured for each cohort in state schools and all special schools at age 15. Work-based learning, such as apprenticeships are excluded.
Cohorts of 15-year-olds can be tracked from 2001/02 in the National Pupil Database (NPD), up until their participation in HE in 2021/22, the latest year available, when that cohort will have reached age 35.
Time series in this publication will focus on participation in HE by age 25 as this gives a good balance between timeliness while still giving students time to enter HE. This will be referred to as the CHEP-25 rate.
The denominator for the CHEP measure is pupils who attended state schools and all special schools in England at age 15. The numerator contains those who have participated in higher education (Levels 4 and above) in UK providers in either the Higher Education Statistics Agency's (HESA) Student or Alternative Provider Student records, or the Individualised Learner Record (ILR) from English further education colleges (FECs).
Pupils are deemed to have participated in Higher Education where they are:
- Recorded in HESA's Standard Registration Population, which requires a minimum of 2 weeks participation; or
- Recorded in the ILR college data as starting a learning aim at level 4 or higher that was either:
- Completed successfully
- Continuing into the following year
- Lasting over 6 months
Participation in HE at Alternative Providers is included for students who started courses in 2014/15 or later.
The following are not currently included in the CHEP measure:
- Pupils who attended independent schools
- Work-based learning, such as apprenticeships
- HE participation in Scottish, Welsh and Northern Irish colleges
- HE participation outside the UK
DfE continues to welcome feedback on how the statistics can be developed to become even more relevant to users at firstname.lastname@example.org.
While this release is no longer considered to be a National Statistic due to its experimental nature, the statistics have been produced in line with the Code of Practice for Official Statistics.