- All files (zip, 360 Kb)
- 1) Postgraduate ITT new entrants (including forecast new entrants) and targets by subject (csv, 6 Kb)
- 2) Postgraduate ITT new entrants and targets time series by subject (csv, 9 Kb)
- 3) ITT new entrants by subject and training route (csv, 4 Kb)
- 4) Postgraduate ITT new entrants by subject, degree class and training route (csv, 29 Kb)
- 5) Postgraduate ITT new entrants by training route and personal characteristics (csv, 5 Kb)
- 6) Postgraduate ITT new entrants by ethnic group (csv, 6 Kb)
- 7) Postgraduate ITT new entrants by training routes and personal characteristics (csv, 3 Kb)
- 8) ITT new entrants by region and training route (csv, 16 Kb)
- 9) EYITT new entrants by training route and personal characteristics (csv, 1 Kb)
- ITT Census 202021 Provider Tables (xlsx, 441 Kb)
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Initial Teacher Training Census
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A correction was made to the title of the proportion of ITT new entrants by training route table in the Routes into teaching section. The table name previously stated postgraduate ITT new entrants, but should have referred to all ITT new entrants. There has also been an amendment to the variable descriptions where aggregated figures on ethnic groups are presented. The high level descriptions have been updated to Ethnic Minority (excluding White minorities) and White to clarify which ethnic groups are included in each category.
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National and provider-level information about the numbers and characteristics of new entrants to Initial Teacher Training (ITT) in England in the academic year 2020/21. The publication also includes information on numbers and characteristics of new entrants to early years ITT.
Read statistical summaries, view charts and tables, and download data files.
Headline facts and figures - 2020/21
This statistical release provides provisional figures on the number of new entrants who have started an initial teacher training (ITT) programme in England in 2020/21 by school subject, training route, training region and a range of trainee demographic factors. This publication includes revised data for 2019/20.
These statistics cover those training to teach via both postgraduate and undergraduate routes, as well as a separate section on those undertaking Early Years Initial Teacher Training (EYITT).
The following tables are included:
- national tables for the academic years 2019/20 and 2020/21 by route, phase, subject, region and trainee characteristics (main postgraduate and undergraduate routes)
- provider-level tables for the academic years 2019/20 and 2020/21 by route and phase (main postgraduate and undergraduate routes)
- a national table for the academic years 2019/20 and 2020/21 by route and trainee characteristics (EYITT route).
To become a qualified teacher in England, trainees typically complete a programme of Initial Teacher Training (ITT). This provides them with training, mentoring and teaching practice in schools, and leads to the award of Qualified Teacher Status (QTS) for successful trainees.
There are several pathways into teaching which include an undergraduate route, over a three or four-year course, and postgraduate routes which normally run for one year full-time. Postgraduate fee-funded courses can be undertaken through a higher education institution (HEI), or via a group of schools delivering a school-centred initial teacher training (SCITT) programme or a School Direct fee-funded programme. Postgraduate salaried routes include the School Direct salaried programme, the Teach First Leadership Development Programme and, since 2018/19, the postgraduate teaching apprenticeship (PGTA). Early Years ITT, a non-mainstream route, is covered in separate sections below.
At HEIs, the university or college delivers the pedagogy of teaching supplemented by placements in schools. Successful trainees are awarded QTS and a postgraduate certificate in education (PGCE). On school-led routes, trainees are placed in a school from the first day of training. Most school-led routes also include a PGCE as many school-led providers will pair with an HEI.
The Department for Education (DfE) uses the Teacher Supply Model (TSM) to estimate the number of postgraduate ITT entrants needed in each subject to provide sufficient numbers of qualified teachers in the future.
This publication focuses on the recruitment of postgraduate trainees against the TSM targets for 2020/21. Information on undergraduate trainees is provided in the supporting tables.
- ITT providers recruited 14,994 postgraduate trainees in secondary EBacc subjects (representing 105% of the 14,340 TSM target) and 5,595 postgraduate trainees in secondary non-EBacc subjects (109% of the 5,145 target). A further 14,878 were recruited in primary (130% of the 11,467 target).
- In 2020/21, 106% of the overall secondary TSM target was achieved, up from 83% in 2019/20. TSM targets were exceeded for all but 5 individual subjects. Targets were not met in mathematics, physics, chemistry, modern foreign languages (MFL) and design and technology, where the numbers recruited increased, but performance against the TSM target varied between 84% for mathematics and 45% for physics.
- For most subjects where the TSM target was exceeded, this was a result of higher numbers of new entrants with a largely unchanged TSM target. A key exception was geography where there was an 8% decrease in the number of new entrants compared to 2019/20, but also a decrease of 17% in the TSM target so the target was still exceeded.
- For all but one of the subjects where TSM targets were not met, performance against targets improved by at least 10 percentage points. The exception was physics which saw only a 3 percentage point increase in performance, as a 14% increase in new entrants was partially offset by a 6% increase in the TSM target.
- For primary, recruitment performance increased from 94% in 2019/20 to 130% in 2020/21. This was due to a combination of a 22% increase in the numbers recruited and a 12% decrease in the TSM target compared to the previous year.
 EBacc here includes English, mathematics, modern foreign languages, physics, biology, chemistry, history, geography, computing and classics
 Targets were also missed for the collection of “Other” subjects, which includes media and communication studies, social studies, psychology
 In the chart below classics is not shown due to small numbers, but exceeded its TSM target
 History and business studies were also exceptions; history saw a 18% increase in entrants and a 17% reduction in TSM target, business studies saw an increase in both entrants and TSM target.
 TSM targets for these subjects remained the same or increased, apart from design and technology where the target decreased by 10%.
In 2020/21, there were a total of 18,494 postgraduate new entrants on school-led routes (excluding forecast trainees), making up 53% of the total, down from 56% last year. The numbers training via postgraduate fee-funded routes rose by 3 percentage points from 2019/20, to 88%. There were increases in the numbers training through all routes except School Direct (salaried) and Teach First routes.
There were also a further 6,005 new entrants starting an undergraduate ITT programme in 2020/21, an increase of 23% compared to 2019/20 (revised).
- The characteristics of new entrants with respect to gender and age have remained broadly similar in recent years, with 30% being male and 51% being under 25 in 2020/21.
- In 2020/21, 17% of primary postgraduate trainees were male compared to 39% of secondary postgraduate trainees. This is similar to previous years.
- In 2020/21, 19% of postgraduate trainees who declared their ethnic group reported belonging to ethnic minorities (excluding White minorities), which is the same as in the previous year. Prior to 2019/20, this percentage had steadily increased over time, up from 14% in 2015/16. This compares to 14% of people in the general population of England and Wales belonging to ethnic minorities (excluding White minorities) (Census 2011).
- Of postgraduate trainees who declared their ethnic group, 10% were Asian, 4% were Black and 3% had mixed ethnicity, the same proportions as seen in 2019/20. This compares to approximately 8%, 3% and 2%, respectively, of the population belonging to these ethnic groups in England and Wales (Census 2011).
- In 2020/21, 12% of postgraduate trainees declared a disability. This is down from 13% in 2019/20. Prior to 2019/20, this rate had increased over time, up from 8% in 2015/16.
- In 2020/21, around 1% of all postgraduate trainees were on a part-time ITT route, with the highest proportion undertaking post-graduate teaching apprenticeships (4%) and School Direct (salaried) routes (5%).
- In 2020/21, there were 34,259 postgraduate new entrants to ITT whose nationality was known (97% of all postgraduate new entrants). Of these, 92% were UK nationals, 5% were European Economic Area (EEA) nationals, and the remaining 2% were nationals of other countries. These figures are broadly unchanged compared to 2019/20.
- The proportion of postgraduate trainees who are UK nationals is lower for EBacc subjects than non-EBacc subjects and, within EBacc, is lowest for modern foreign languages where only 66% of trainees are UK nationals. This is unchanged from 2019/20.
- As well as trainee teachers from overseas, qualified teachers from specific overseas countries can be awarded qualified teacher status (QTS) with no further ITT in England. Figures for these teachers are now published separately as management information in the Teacher Regulation Agency annual report and accounts.
 Teacher Regulation Agency Annual Report and Accounts (page 9 and Annex): https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/919855/P3536_TRA_Annual_Report_2019-20_FINAL.pdf
- The percentage of new entrants to postgraduate programmes with a first class or 2:1 in their first degree has increased from 74% to 75% this year.
- This increase has been driven by an increase in the percentage of postgraduate new entrants to ITT with a first (up from 20% last year to 23% this year), as the percentage with a 2:1 (52%) decreased from 54% in 2019/20. This continues a steady increase in the percentage of new entrants with firsts and a steady decrease in the percentage of new entrants with a 2:1 since 2015/16.
- The proportion of entrants holding a 2:1 or higher varies by route. In particular, 92% of Teach First trainees had a 2:1 or higher, compared to a range of 67% to 75% for other routes.
Early years initial teacher training (EYITT) provides specialist training covering the education and care of children from birth to the age of five and is distinct from primary education. Training is delivered by accredited ITT providers.
Successful EYITT trainees are awarded Early Years Teacher Status (EYTS). They are not eligible for the award of Qualified Teacher Status (QTS) and are therefore not qualified to lead classes in a maintained nursery or school, unless they also hold QTS. Early years teachers can lead teaching in all other early years settings in the private, voluntary and independent (PVI) sector.
There are several routes leading to the award of EYTS. Trainees can undertake an undergraduate course, which allows them to earn a degree in an early childhood related subject and EYTS, normally over a three year period full-time. Postgraduate EYITT courses can be undertaken through the graduate entry route (full time study, which includes the early years School Direct route) or the graduate employment based route (a one-year part-time route for graduates working in an early years setting). Postgraduate EYITT normally runs for one year full-time.
 Providers graded by the Office for Standards in Education, Children’s Services and Skills (Ofsted) as ‘requires improvement’, or a lower quality, cannot provide EYITT.
 ‘Maintained’ refers to schools or nurseries where funding and oversight is provided through the local authority.
 Trainees with EYTS can work as level 3 support workers in a maintained nursery or school. They can work as unqualified teachers in maintained schools or academies but this status is dependent on the school.
 Trainees can also undertake an assessment only route to earn EYTS. This is designed for graduates with experience of working with children from birth to five, who are able to demonstrate the Teacher’s Standards (Early Years) without further training; for example, overseas trained early years teachers. The EYITT assessment only route is not included in this publication.
- There were 628 new entrants to EYITT in 2020/21. This is a 76% increase in new entrants compared to 2019/20 (revised) when the figure was 357.
- In 2020/21, 96% of new entrants to EYITT took the postgraduate route, which is in line with previous years.
- Excluding those whose degree class is unknown, 59% of 2020/21 new entrants to postgraduate EYITT held a first class or 2:1 degree, compared to 60% in 2019/20. This is lower than the equivalent percentage of new entrants to postgraduate ITT programmes (75% in 2020/21).
- Excluding those with unknown ethnicity, 20% of new postgraduate entrants to EYITT in 2020/21 belonged to ethnic minorities (excluding White minorities), up from 13% in 2019/20.
 Thirteen trainees had degree class recorded as ’Unknown’.
Help and support
If you have a specific enquiry about Initial Teacher Training Census statistics and data:
ITT Routes Analysis and Research team
Telephone: Jeanette D’Costa
If you have a media enquiry:
020 7783 8300
If you have a general enquiry about the Department for Education (DfE) or education:
037 0000 2288
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