Children accommodated by the YCS represented 38% of all children accommodated, down from 48% in 2018 and 51% in 2010.
Children placed by the local authority on welfare grounds represented 56% of children accommodated, up from 47% in 2018 and 37% in 2010.
Children placed by the local authority in a criminal justice context represented the remaining 5% of children accommodated, the same as in 2018.
Children can be placed into the homes by their local authority under section 25 of the Children act 1989 for the protection of themselves and/or others.
Youth Custody Service
From September 2017, the overall responsibility for commissioning of youth custody transferred to the MoJ form the Youth Justice Board. At the same time the YCS took over responsibility for individual placements of children and young people into youth custody and day-to-day management of youth custody.
Between 2010 and 2019 both the number of places contracted to the MoJ and the number of children placed by the YCS has fallen overall. Figures published by the Ministry of Justice show that the overall population of the youth secure estate have declined in the last decade, influenced by a move by courts towards sentencing children being a last resort.