Academic Year 2019/20

Permanent exclusions and suspensions in England

Data guidance

Published

Description

This document describes the data included in the ‘Permanent and Fixed Period Exclusions in England: 2018/19’ National Statistics release’s underlying data files. This data is released under the terms of the Open Government License and is intended to meet at least 3 stars for Open Data.

The publication methodology, available on the publication report, should be referenced alongside this data. It provides information on the data sources, their coverage and quality as well as explaining methodology used in producing the data.

Coverage

This release provides information on exclusions in: 

  • state-funded primary schools
  • state-funded secondary schools
  • special schools (including non-maintained special schools)
  • pupil referral units

The information is based on data collected via the school census

File formats and conventions

Rounding 

This dataset has not had rounding or suppression applied. 

Conventions 

The following convention is used throughout the underlying data. 

‘:’ Not applicable.

Data files

All data files associated with this releases are listed below with guidance on their content. To download any of these files, please visit our data catalogue.

Exclusion appeals (1997-98 to 2011-12)

Filename
exc_appeals.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
1997/98 to 2011/12
Content

Number of appeals for permanent exclusions, from 1997/98 to 2011/12

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
number_determined_in_favour_of_the_parent/pupilNumber determined in favour of the parent/pupil
number_of_appeals_heardNumber of appeals heard
number_of_appeals_lodgedNumber of appeals lodged
number_where_reinstatement_was_directedNumber where reinstatement was directed
percentage_determined_in_favour_of_the_parent/pupilPercentage determined in favour of the parent/pupil
percentage_of_appeals_heardPercentage of appeals heard
percentage_where_reinstatement_was_directedPercentage where reinstatement was directed
school_typeSchool Type

Exclusion reviews (2012-13 to 2019-20)

Filename
exc_reviews_.csv
Geographic levels
Local Authority; National; Regional
Time period
2012/13 to 2019/20
Content

Number of review panels for permanent exclusions lodged and their outcome.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
number_directing_reconsiderationC5 - Number directing reconsideration by the governing body
number_of_reviews_determinedB1 - Independent reviews determined by an independent review panel
number_of_reviews_lodgedA1 - Number of independent reviews lodged (in academic year)
number_offered_reinstatement_when_directedC7 - Number offered reinstatement when directed
number_offered_reinstatement_when_recommendedC3 - Number of pupils offered reinstatement when recommended
number_recommending_reconsiderationC1 - Number recommending reconsideration by the governing body
number_upholding_exclusionB5 - Number upholding exclusion
number_where_sen_expert_requestedB3 - Number where an SEN expert was requested
percentage_directing_reconsiderationC6 - Percentage directing reconsideration by the governing body (% of reviews determined)
percentage_of_reviews_determinedB2 - Independent reviews determined by an independent review panel (% of reviews lodged)
percentage_offered_reinstatement_when_directedC8 - Percentage offered reinstatement when directed (% of reviews directing reconsideration by the government body)
percentage_offered_reinstatement_when_recommendedC4 - Percentage of pupils offered reinstatement when recommended (% of reviews recommended reconsideration)
percentage_recommending_reconsiderationC2 - Percentage recommending reconsideration by the governing body (% of reviews determined)
percentage_upholding_exclusionB6 - Percentage upholding exclusion (% of reviews determined)
percentage_where_sen_expert_requestedB4 - Percentage where an SEN expert was requested (% of reviews determined)
school_typeSchool Type - LA maintained, academies, Total (sum of LA maintained and academies)

Permanent exclusions and suspensions - by characteristic (2006-07 to 2019-20)

Filename
exc_characteristics_20210916.csv
Geographic levels
Local Authority; National; Regional
Time period
2006/07 to 2019/20
Content

Number and percentage of permanent exclusions and suspensions and those pupils receiving one or more suspension by pupil characteristics.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
characteristicCharacteristic - Detail of age, gender, national curriculum year, ethnicity, fsm, SEN
headcountHeadcount
one_plus_suspPupil enrolments with one or more suspension
one_plus_susp_ratePupil enrolments with one or moresuspension (rate)
perm_exclPermanent exclusions
perm_excl_ratePermanent exclusions (rate)
school_typeSchool Type - State-funded primary, secondary and special
susp_rateSuspension (rate)
suspensionSuspensions

Permanent exclusions and suspensions - by district (LAD) (2016-17 to 2019-20)

Filename
exc_la_district.csv
Geographic levels
Local Authority District
Time period
2016/17 to 2019/20
Content

Number and percentage of permanent exclusions and suspensions and those pupils receiving one or more suspension by local authority district.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
headcountHeadcount
num_schoolsNumber of schools
one_plus_suspPupil enrolments with one or more suspension
one_plus_susp_ratePupil enrolments with one or more suspension (rate)
perm_exclPermanent exclusions
perm_excl_ratePermanent exclusions (rate)
school_typeSchool Type - State-funded primary, secondary and special
susp_rateSuspension (rate)
suspensionSuspensions

Permanent exclusions and suspensions - by geography (2006-07 to 2019-20)

Filename
exc_nat_region_la_schoolv2.csv
Geographic levels
Local Authority; National; Regional
Time period
2006/07 to 2019/20
Content

Number and percentage of permanent exclusions and suspensions and those pupils receiving one or more suspension. This file includes school level rates from 2015/16

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
headcountHeadcount
num_schoolsNumber of schools
one_plus_suspPupil enrolments with one or more suspension
one_plus_susp_ratePupil enrolments with one or moresuspension (rate)
perm_exclPermanent exclusions
perm_excl_ratePermanent exclusions (rate)
school_typeSchool Type - State-funded primary, secondary and special
susp_rateSuspension (rate)
suspensionSuspensions

Permanent exclusions and suspensions - by IDACI, SEN primary need, FSM6 eligibility (2006-07 to 2019-20)

Filename
exc_idaci_sen_need_fsm6.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2006/07 to 2019/20
Content

Number and percentage of permanent exclusions and suspensions and those pupils receiving one or more suspension by pupil characteristics (IDACI, SEN type of need, FSM ever6)

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
characteristicDetailed characteristic - SEN type of need, IDACI decile, FSM6 status
characteristic_groupIDACI, SEN need, FSM6 - IDACI, SEN need, FSM6
headcountHeadcount
one_plus_suspPupil enrolments with one or more suspension
one_plus_susp_ratePupil enrolments with one or more suspension (rate)
perm_exclPermanent exclusions
perm_excl_ratePermanent exclusions (rate)
school_typeSchool Type - State-funded primary, secondary and special
susp_rateSuspension (rate)
suspensionSuspensions

Permanent exclusions and suspensions - by post looked after arrangements (2017-18 to 2019-20)

Filename
exc_plaa.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2017/18 to 2019/20
Content

Number and percentage of permanent exclusions and suspensions and those pupils receiving one or more suspension by post looked after arrangements

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
headcountHeadcount
one_plus_suspPupil enrolments with one or more suspension
one_plus_susp_ratePupil enrolments with one or more suspension (rate)
perm_exclPermanent exclusions
perm_excl_ratePermanent exclusions (rate)
plaaPost looked after arrangement - Adopted, SGO, CAO
school_typeSchool Type - State-funded primary, secondary and special
susp_rateSuspension (rate)
suspensionSuspensions

Permanent exclusions and suspensions - by reason (2006-07 to 2019-20)

Filename
exc_reason.csv
Geographic levels
Local Authority; National; Regional
Time period
2006/07 to 2019/20
Content

Number and percentage of permanent exclusions and suspensions and those pupils receiving one or more suspension by reason for exclusion.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
perm_allPermanent - All exclusions
perm_bullyingPermanent - Bullying
perm_bullying_percPermanent - Bullying (%)
perm_damagePermanent - Damage
perm_damage_percPermanent - Damage (%)
perm_drug_alcoholPermanent - Drug and alcohol related
perm_drug_alcohol_percPermanent - Drug and alcohol related (%)
perm_otherPermanent - Other
perm_other_percPermanent - Other (%)
perm_persistent_disruptivePermanent - Persistent disruptive behaviour
perm_persistent_disruptive_percPermanent - Persistent disruptive behaviour (%)
perm_physical_adultPermanent - Physical assault against an adult
perm_physical_adult_percPermanent - Physical assault against an adult (%)
perm_physical_pupilsPermanent - Physical assault against a pupil
perm_physical_pupils_percPermanent - Physical assault against a pupil (%)
perm_racist_abusePermanent - Racist abuse
perm_racist_abuse_percPermanent - Racist abuse (%)
perm_sexual_misconductPermanent - Sexual misconduct
perm_sexual_misconduct_percPermanent - Sexual misconduct (%)
perm_theftPermanent - Theft
perm_theft_percPermanent - Theft (%)
perm_verbal_adultPermanent - Verbal abuse or threatening behaviour against an adult
perm_verbal_adult_percPermanent - Verbal abuse or threatening behaviour against an adult (%)
perm_verbal_pupilPermanent - Verbal abuse or threatening behaviour against a pupil
perm_verbal_pupil_percPermanent - Verbal abuse or threatening behaviour against a pupil (%)
school_typeSchool Type - State-funded primary, secondary and special
susp_allSuspension - All exclusions
susp_bullyingSuspension - Bullying
susp_bullying_percSuspension - Bullying (%)
susp_damageSuspension - Damage
susp_damage_percSuspension - Damage (%)
susp_drug_alcoholSuspension - Drug and alcohol related
susp_drug_alcohol_percSuspension - Drug and alcohol related (%)
susp_otherSuspension - Other
susp_other_percSuspension - Other (%)
susp_persistent_disruptiveSuspension - Persistent disruptive behaviour
susp_persistent_disruptive_percSuspension - Persistent disruptive behaviour (%)
susp_physical_adultSuspension - Physical assault against an adult
susp_physical_adult_percSuspension - Physical assault against an adult (%)
susp_physical_pupilsSuspension - Physical assault against a pupil
susp_physical_pupils_percSuspension - Physical assault against a pupil (%)
susp_racist_abuseSuspension - Racist abuse
susp_racist_abuse_percSuspension - Racist abuse (%)
susp_sexual_misconductSuspension - Sexual misconduct
susp_sexual_misconduct_percSuspension - Sexual misconduct (%)
susp_theftSuspension - Theft
susp_theft_percSuspension - Theft (%)
susp_verbal_adultSuspension - Verbal abuse or threatening behaviour against an adult
susp_verbal_adult_percSuspension - Verbal abuse or threatening behaviour against an adult (%)
susp_verbal_pupilSuspension - Verbal abuse or threatening behaviour against a pupil
susp_verbal_pupil_percSuspension - Verbal abuse or threatening behaviour against a pupil (%)

Permanent exclusions and suspensions - by term (2018-19 to 2019-20)

Filename
exc_termly_1820.csv
Geographic levels
Local Authority; National; Regional
Time period
2018/19 Autumn Term to 2019/20 Summer Term
Content

Number and percentage of permanent exclusions and suspensions and those pupils receiving one or more suspension by term. Includes 2018/19 and 2019/20 only.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
headcountHeadcount
num_schoolsNumber of schools
perm_exclPermanent exclusions
perm_excl_ratePermanent exclusions (rate)
school_typeSchool Type - State-funded primary, secondary and special
susp_rateSuspension (rate)
suspensionSuspensions
Footnotes
  1. Headcount figures given correspond to the headcount in Spring term each year, and therefore rates for Autumn and Summer terms are calculated based on exclusions and suspensions in those terms, but as a proportion of the spring headcount.

Permanent exclusions and suspensions - pupil referral units (2013-14 to 2019-20)

Filename
exc_pru.csv
Geographic levels
Local Authority; National; Regional
Time period
2013/14 to 2019/20
Content

Number and percentage of permanent exclusions and suspensions and those pupils receiving one or more suspension by term in pupil referral units.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
headcountHeadcount
num_schoolsNumber of schools
one_plus_suspPupil enrolments with one or more suspension
one_plus_susp_ratePupil enrolments with one or more suspensionn (rate)
perm_exclPermanent exclusions
perm_excl_ratePermanent exclusions (rate)
susp_rateSuspension (rate)
suspensionSuspensions

Suspensions - average days missed (2013-14 to 2019-20)

Filename
exc_av_days_missed_susp.csv
Geographic levels
Local Authority; National; Regional
Time period
2013/14 to 2019/20
Content

Average number of suspensions and average days lost per suspended pupil.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
average_days_missed_suspAverage days missed per suspended pupil. (Number of days of suspension / pupils with one or more suspension).
average_number_suspAverage number of suspensions per excluded pupil. (Number of suspensions/ pupils with one or more suspension).
headcountHeadcount
num_schoolsNumber of schools
number_days_suspNumber of days of suspensions
one_plus_suspPupil enrolments with one or moresuspension
school_typeSchool Type - State-funded primary, state-funded secondary, special, Total
sessions_suspNumber of sessions of suspensions
suspensionSuspensions

Suspensions - days missed per pupil in the year (2006-07 to 2019-20)

Filename
exc_days_missed_susp.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2006/07 to 2019/20
Content

Number of pupil enrolments by total length of suspensions accrued across the academic year.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
days_missed_suspensionNumber of days missed to suspensions
headcountNumber of pupils
school_typeSchool Type - State-funded primary, secondary and special

Suspensions - duration of suspension (2006-07 to 2019-20)

Filename
exc_duration_suspension.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2006/07 to 2019/20
Content

Number of suspensions by length of suspension

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
duration_days_suspDuration of suspension in days
school_typeSchool Type - State-funded primary, secondary and special
suspensionNumber of suspensions

Suspensions - Number of suspensions per pupil (2006-07 to 2019-20)

Filename
exc_number_susp.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2006/07 to 2019/20
Content

Number of pupils by the number of suspensions they have received.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
headcountNumber of pupils
school_typeSchool Type - State-funded primary, secondary and special
suspensionNumber of suspensions