Academic Year 2021/22

Participation in education, training and NEET age 16 to 17 by local authority

This is the latest dataManagement information
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See all updates (1) for Academic Year 2021/22
  1. Re-releasing after technical issues


This release presents data for England showing the proportion of 16 and 17 year-olds participating in education and training and an estimate of those not in education, employment or training (NEET) by local authority (LA).

Data is collected using the National Client Caseload Information System (NCCIS), which draws together local databases used to support young people to engage in education and training and plan services that meet young people’s needs.

Some caution should be taken if using these figures due to the estimates being based on management information and there being considerable variation at local authority level in how well 16 and 17 year olds are tracked and hence not known proportions can impact on the estimates of the proportion NEET. 

The release includes an interactive scorecard (dashboard) to enable local authorities (LAs) to compare their performance with other LAs and presents other measures related to attainment and attendance alongside to give additional context.

NEET Comparative Scorecard

Headline facts and figures - 2021/22

National statistics are published annually in the release 'Participation in Education, Training and Employment age 16 to 18' and should be used for  the most robust estimates of  Participation and NEET  in England  at national  level.

Participation in education and training, ages 16 and 17 by local authority

Participation rates in March 2022 ranged from 84.5% in Stoke-on-Trent to 98.8% in City of London. 

In the latest year,

  • 57 local authorities had relatively stable participation in education and training rates when compared to the same period of the previous year (+/- 0.5 percentage points)
  • 35 improved (>0.5 percentage points)
  •  57 had lower proportions participating than in the previous year (< 0.5 percentage points) 

Not in education, employment and training (NEET) or activity not known, ages 16 and 17 by local authority

NEET/not known rates at the end of 2021/start of 2022 ranged from 0.0% in City of London to 14.7% in Medway.

In the latest year, 

  • 49 local authorities had relatively stable NEET/not known rates when compared to the same period of the previous year (+/- 0.5 percentage points)
  •  82 improved (< 0.5 percentage points)
  •  19 had higher proportions NEET/not known than the previous year (> 0.5 percentage points). 

Note: Participation estimates are based on data collected in March each year. In order to ensure the most robust estimates of NEET and not known rates an average of December/January/February data is used for an estimate around the end of the calendar year. 

Annual comparisons are not available for Northamptonshire  in 2022 due to boundary changes.

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NEET Comparative LA Dashboard

This interactive dashboard (previously referred to as a scorecard) is included in order for local authorities (LAs) to evaluate their performance against other LAs. It includes measures on 16 and 17 year olds participation, proportions not in education, employment and training (NEET), and for the first time data showing NEET/not known rates for vulnerable groups as experimental data. It also includes information on attainment and absence rates for the LA to give additional context.

Most of the information has already been published, either as part of this release or in a number of different publications (see dashboard ‘Homepage ’ for more information).

Previously this information was published on GOV.UK: Young people NEET or activity unknown: comparative data scorecard - GOV.UK (

Data source

Local authorities in England must report information to the Department for Education through the National Client Caseload Information System (NCCIS). The number of 16 and 17-year-olds known to the local authority and information about the young person's activity are recorded on the local authority client databases, extracts from which are used for this underlying data. 

Local authorities are required to provide:

  • basic information about young people in their area (such as name and address)
  • their needs and characteristics (gender, ethnic group, disability, care leaver)
  • their post-16 transition plans (intended destination, September Guarantee offers)
  • their current activity and when this was last confirmed.

The age of the learner is measured at the beginning of the academic year, 31 August.

Further information can be found in the accompanying methodology. 


Legislation was introduced in 2013/14 increasing the age to which all young people in England are required to remain in education or training.

Introduced in two stages, it applied to:

  • Young people who left year 11 in summer 2013, who were required to stay in some form of education or training for at least a further year until 27th June 2014.
  • Young people who started in year 11 (or years below) in September 2013, who were required to continue until at least their 18th birthday.

The first cohort impacted by stage 1 of the Raising the participation age (RPA) legislation were academic age 16 (usually year 12) in 2013/14 and academic age 17 in 2014/15. Those young people impacted by stage 2 of RPS were academic age 16 in 2014/15 and age 17 in 2015/16.

The government provides the framework and funding to increase participation and reduce the proportion of young people not in education, employment or training (NEET), however, responsibility and accountability for delivery lies with local authorities. Under Section 68 of the Education and Skills Act 2008 (ESA 2008) local authorities have a duty to encourage, enable or assist young people’s participation in education or training. 

The government publishes local authority participation data so that members of the public can make informed decisions about the performance of their own local authority.

Other data sources and publications

The Department for Education’s definitive measures for England of participation and not in education, employment or training (NEET) for 16 to 18 year olds are published annually in the national statistics release 'Participation in Education, Training and Employment age 16 to 18'. 

Participation and NEET figures are also published in other statistics releases. The table below provides a summary of the four related releases.

TitleParticipation in education, training and employmentNEET statistics annual brief Young people NEETLocal authority NEET and participation
ProducerDepartment for EducationDepartment for EducationOffice for National StatisticsDepartment for Education
StatusNational StatisticNational StatisticNational StatisticTransparency data
Age range16-1816-2416-2416-17
Age typeAcademic age[1]Academic age[1]Actual ageAcademic age[1]
Regional breakdownsNoYesNoYes
LA breakdownNoNoNoYes
Data typeMostly administrativeSurveySurveyManagement information
Frequency of publicationAnnuallyAnnuallyQuarterlyAnnually
Seasonally adjustedNoNoYesNo
When to use?[2]England NEET (and participation) figures, age 16-18England/regional NEET figures, age 16-24 (includes reasons NEET) UK NEET figures, age 16-24 (published quarterly so often most timely)LA/regional NEET (and participation) figures, age 16-17 (includes pupil characteristics) 

[1] Academic age is defined as ‘age at the start of the academic year’ i.e. age as at 31 August. Actual age is defined as ‘respondents age at the time surveyed’.

[2] Left to right indicates recommended order of preference in which the statistics should be used based on most users’ needs and robustness of the data.  

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Management information

Management information describes aggregate information collated and used in the normal course of business to inform operational delivery, policy development or the management of organisational performance. It is usually based on administrative data but can also be a product of survey data. The terms administrative data and management information are sometimes used interchangeably.

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