Academic year 2022/23

Participation in education, training and NEET age 16 to 17 by local authority

This is the latest data
Published
Next update
Release type

Introduction

This release presents data for England showing the proportion of 16 and 17 year-olds participating in education and training and an estimate of those not in education, employment or training (NEET) by local authority (LA).

Data is collected using the National Client Caseload Information System (NCCIS), which draws together local databases used to support young people to engage in education and training and plan services that meet young people’s needs.

Some caution should be taken if using these figures due to the estimates being based on management information and there being considerable variation at local authority level in how well 16 and 17 year olds are tracked and hence not known proportions can impact on the estimates of the proportion NEET. 

The release includes an interactive scorecard (dashboard) to enable local authorities (LAs) to compare their performance with other LAs and presents other measures related to attainment and attendance alongside to give additional context.

NEET Comparative Scorecard


Headline facts and figures - 2022/23

Participation in education and training, ages 16 and 17 by local authority

Participation rates in March 2023 ranged from 78.5% in Blackpool to 98.6% in Barnet. 

In the latest year,

  • 58 local authorities had relatively stable participation in education and training rates when compared to the same period of the previous year (within 0.5 percentage points)
  • 20 improved (increased by at least 0.5 percentage points)
  • 74 had lower proportions participating than in the previous year (decreased by at least 0.5 percentage points) 

Not in education, employment and training (NEET) or activity not known, ages 16 and 17 by local authority

NEET/not known rates at the end of 2022/start of 2023 ranged from 0.0% in City of London and Isles of Scilly to 15.2% in Surrey (Surrey's rate includes 0.9% NEET and 14.3% activity not known). However, Surrey's figures may not reflect the actual proportion of young people NEET and activity not known due to technical and processing issues. Please note caution stated in the introduction above as this may also be the case for other local authorities.

In the latest year, 

  • 79 local authorities had relatively stable NEET/not known rates when compared to the same period of the previous year (within 0.5 percentage points)
  •  22 improved (decreased by at least 0.5 percentage points)
  •  51 had higher proportions NEET/not known than the previous year (increased by at least 0.5 percentage points). 

Note: Participation estimates are based on data collected in March each year. In order to ensure the most robust estimates of NEET and not known rates an average of December/January/February data is used for an estimate around the end of the calendar year. 

Explore data and files used in this release

  • View or create your own tables

    View tables that we have built for you, or create your own tables from open data using our table tool

  • Data catalogue

    Browse and download open data files from this release in our data catalogue

  • Data guidance

    Learn more about the data files used in this release using our online guidance

  • Download all data (ZIP)

    Download all data available in this release as a compressed ZIP file

Data source

Local authorities in England must report information to the Department for Education through the National Client Caseload Information System (NCCIS). The number of 16 and 17-year-olds known to the local authority and information about the young person's activity are recorded on the local authority client databases, extracts from which are used for this underlying data. 

Local authorities are required to provide:

  • basic information about young people in their area (such as name and address)
  • their needs and characteristics (gender, ethnic group, disability, care leaver)
  • their post-16 transition plans (intended destination, September Guarantee offers)
  • their current activity and when this was last confirmed.

The age of the learner is measured at the beginning of the academic year, 31 August.

Further information can be found in the accompanying methodology. 

Legislation

Legislation was introduced in 2013/14 increasing the age to which all young people in England are required to remain in education or training.

Introduced in two stages, it applied to:

  • Young people who left year 11 in summer 2013, who were required to stay in some form of education or training for at least a further year until 27th June 2014.
  • Young people who started in year 11 (or years below) in September 2013, who were required to continue until at least their 18th birthday.

The first cohort impacted by stage 1 of the Raising the participation age (RPA) legislation were academic age 16 (usually year 12) in 2013/14 and academic age 17 in 2014/15. Those young people impacted by stage 2 of RPS were academic age 16 in 2014/15 and age 17 in 2015/16.

The government provides the framework and funding to increase participation and reduce the proportion of young people not in education, employment or training (NEET), however, responsibility and accountability for delivery lies with local authorities. Under Section 68 of the Education and Skills Act 2008 (ESA 2008) local authorities have a duty to encourage, enable or assist young people’s participation in education or training. 

The government publishes local authority participation data so that members of the public can make informed decisions about the performance of their own local authority.

Other data sources and publications

Participation and NEET figures are also published in other statistics releases. The table below provides a summary of the four related releases.

TitleParticipation in education, training and employmentNEET statistics annual brief Young people NEETLocal authority NEET and participation
ProducerDepartment for EducationDepartment for EducationOffice for National StatisticsDepartment for Education
StatusNational StatisticNational StatisticNational StatisticTransparency data
Age range16-1816-2416-2416-17
Age typeAcademic age[1]Academic age[1]Actual ageAcademic age[1]
CountryEnglandEnglandUKEngland
Regional breakdownsNoYesNoYes
LA breakdownNoNoNoYes
Data typeMostly administrativeSurveySurveyManagement information
Frequency of publicationAnnuallyAnnuallyQuarterlyAnnually
Seasonally adjustedNoNoYesNo
When to use?[2]England NEET (and participation) figures, age 16-18England/regional NEET figures, age 16-24 (includes reasons NEET) UK NEET figures, age 16-24 (published quarterly so often most timely)LA/regional NEET (and participation) figures, age 16-17 (includes pupil characteristics) 

[1] Academic age is defined as ‘age at the start of the academic year’ i.e. age as at 31 August. Actual age is defined as ‘respondents age at the time surveyed’.

[2] Left to right indicates recommended order of preference in which the statistics should be used based on most users’ needs and robustness of the data.  

Help and support

Methodology

Find out how and why we collect, process and publish these statistics.

Management information

Management information describes aggregate information collated and used in the normal course of business to inform operational delivery, policy development or the management of organisational performance. It is usually based on administrative data but can also be a product of survey data. The terms administrative data and management information are sometimes used interchangeably.

Contact us

If you have a specific enquiry about Participation in education, training and NEET age 16 to 17 by local authority statistics and data:

Post 16 Participation, NEET and Attainment Statistics

Email: post16.statistics@education.gov.uk
Contact name: Anneka Albon
Telephone: 0

Press office

If you have a media enquiry:

Telephone: 020 7783 8300

Public enquiries

If you have a general enquiry about the Department for Education (DfE) or education:

Telephone: 037 0000 2288

Opening times:
Monday to Friday from 9.30am to 5pm (excluding bank holidays)