Academic year 2022/23

Parental responsibility measures

Data guidance



This document describes the data included in the ‘Parental responsibility measures in England' official statistics release’s underlying data file. This data is released under the terms of the Open Government License (opens in a new tab) and is intended to meet at least 3 stars for Open Data. 

The methodology should be referenced alongside this data. It provides information on the data sources, their coverage and quality as well as explaining methodology used in producing the data.


Information on parental responsibility measures for attendance used by schools and local authorities to improve poor attendance in schools. The underlying data file includes national, regional and local authority-level information for England from 2009/10 through to 2022/23. Data is not available for 2019/20.

It includes data on: 

  • penalty notices issued 
  • penalty notices paid and withdrawn 
  • prosecutions following non-payment of a penalty notice 
  • cases entering the fast-track case management system (a process setting out actions and time frame for improving a child’s attendance) 
  • parenting orders and parenting contracts 

The information is based on local authority data collected through the parental responsibility measures attendance census. Refer to the methodology documentation for more information on data collection and coverage.

File formats and conventions


This dataset has not had suppression applied. 


The following convention is used throughout the underlying data. 

‘x’ - unavailable

Data files

All data files associated with this releases are listed below with guidance on their content. To download any of these files, please visit our data catalogue.


Geographic levels
Local authority; National; Regional
Time period
2009/10 to 2022/23

Data on penalty notices, reasons for notices, cases entering attendance case management, parenting orders, parenting contracts and education supervision orders

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
case_managementTotal number of cases of attendance case management
case_management_prosecutedNumber of cases of attendance case management prosecuted
case_management_withdrawn_att_improvedReason for withdrawal of cases: attendance improved
case_management_withdrawn_before_prosecutionNumber of cases of attendance case management withdrawn
case_management_withdrawn_otherReason for withdrawal of cases: other reason
enrolmentsTotal number of pupil enrolments
parenting_contracts_acceptedNumber of parenting contracts that were accepted by parent
parenting_contracts_offeredNumber of parenting contracts offered
parenting_orders_grantedNumber of parenting orders made by the courts
parenting_orders_implementedNumber of parenting orders implemented
parenting_orders_not_impNumber of parenting orders not implemented
parenting_orders_not_imp_breachbyparentReason for not implementing parenting orders: breach by parent
parenting_orders_not_imp_lackofprovisionReason for not implementing parenting orders: lack of provision
pn_issuedTotal number of penalty notices (PNs) for unauthorised absences issued
pn_issued_rateRate of penalty notices (PNs) for unauthorised absences issued per 100 enrolments
pn_paidTotal number of penalty notices paid within 28 days
pn_paid_21Number of penalty notices paid within 21 days
pn_paid_22_28Number of penalty notices paid between 22-28 days
pn_prosecuted_non_paymentNumber of prosecutions following non-payment of penalty notice
pn_unresolvedNumber of unresolved cases at the end of the period
pn_withdrawnNumber of penalty notices withdrawn
reason_pn_holsMain reason for issue: Unauthorised family holiday absence
reason_pn_lateMain reason for issue: Arriving late
reason_pn_otherMain reason for issue: Absence due to other unauthorised circumstances
supervision_orders_inadditiontoprosecutionNumber of education supervision orders issued in addition to prosecution
supervision_orders_inplaceofprosecutionNumber of education supervision orders issued in place of prosecution
supervision_orders_totalTotal number of education supervision orders issued
withdrawn_reason_conductReason for withdrawal: Issued outside of the terms of the local code of conduct
withdrawn_reason_expiry_no_legalReason for withdrawal: Where after the expiry of 28 days the penalty is unpaid and local authority do not wish to bring legal proceedings under s44
withdrawn_reason_material_errorReason for withdrawal: It appeared that the notice contains material errors
withdrawn_reason_wrong_issueReason for withdrawal: It ought not to have been issued or issued to the person named as the recipient
  1. Data for 2019/20 is not available as the data collection did not take place
  2. Data for 2020/21 includes a period of two months where measures were disapplied. See publication text or methodology for more information
  3. Reason for issuing penalty notices is not available prior to 2016/17