Data set from Key stage 4 performance

KS4 GCSE subject year of entry data

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Data set details

School and college outcomes and performance
Key stage 4 performance
Release type
Geographic levels
  • The number of pupils entering each exam
  • The number of pupils entering each exam in their final school year
  • The number of pupils entering each exam in their penultimate school year
  • The subject pupils are entered for
Time period

Data set preview

Table showing first 5 rows, from underlying data
201920Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandS6All schoolsTotalTotalAncient History8948593596.13.9
201920Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandS6All schoolsTotalTotalArt and Design187993182779453397.22.4
201920Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandS6All schoolsTotalTotalBiblical Hebrew929201000
201920Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandS6All schoolsTotalTotalBiology16108216033272699.50.5
201920Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandS6All schoolsTotalTotalBusiness9108789875121298.71.3

Variables in this data set

Table showing first 5 of 6 variables
Variable nameVariable description
2020_final_yearThe number of pupils entering each exam in their final school year
2020_overallThe number of pupils entering each exam
2020_penultimate_yearThe number of pupils entering each exam in their penultimate school year
percentage_final_of_overallThe percentage of pupils entering each exam in their final school year
percentage_penultimate_of_overallThe percentage of pupils entering each exam in their penultimate school year


  1. Figures not present in the data means there are no pupils at the end of key stage 4 for this breakdown.
  2. Discounting has been applied where pupils have taken the same subject more than once. In 2019/20, only Only one entry per subject is counted and we count the entry with the highest grade for results received in Summer 2020. Previously only the first entry grade would count and this is still the case for any results received before Summer 2020. Further information can be found in the secondary accountability guidance where pupils have already entered for an exam within the same subject in 2018/19, first entry rules will still be used. For more on previous years’ discounting methodology prior to 2020, read the Discounting and Early Entry Guidance at: 
  3. Includes entries and achievements by these pupils in previous academic years.
  4. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and resulting school closures, the summer exam series was cancelled in 2020. Pupils scheduled to sit GCSE exams in 2020 were awarded either a centre assessment grade submitted by their teachers or their calculated grade using a model developed by Ofqual - whichever was the higher of the two. Due to the changed awarding process for GCSE grades it is recommended that year on year comparisons are not made. For further information: 
  5. From 2014/15, all subject mappings which are classed as Computer Science count towards the English Baccalaureate. In 2013/14, AS Levels and Cambridge International Certificates in Computer Science did not count towards the English Baccalaureate.
  6. In 2013/14, two major reforms were implemented which affect the calculation of key stage 4 performance measures data: 1) Professor Alison Wolf’s Review of Vocational Education recommendations which: restrict the qualifications counted; prevent any qualification from counting as larger than one GCSE; and cap the number of non-GCSEs included in performance measures at two per pupil, and 2) an early entry policy to only count a pupil’s first attempt at a qualification, in subjects counted in the English Baccalaureate.
  7. The Secondary accountability measures guidance and subject grouping composition files can be found alongside the KS4 data and metadata files under 'Download associated files'.
  8. All schools include state-funded schools, independent schools, independent special schools, non-maintained special schools, hospital schools, pupil referral units and alternative provision. Alternative provision includes academy and free school alternative provision. Since September 2013, general further education colleges and sixth-form colleges have been able to directly enrol 14 to 16 year-olds. 2014/15 was the first year in which colleges have pupils at the end of key stage 4. From 2016 onwards, entries and achievements for these pupils are included in figures as state-funded schools.
  9. Explore education statistics (EES) glossary can be found at
  10. : = When data is unavailable for other reasons
  11. From 2017, Core Science, Double Science, Additional and Further Science no longer count in the English Baccalaureate.
  12. Some zero percentages may represent small numbers due to rounding.
  13. From 2017, the new GCSE in Food preparation and nutrition was introduced. This replaces D & T: Food Technology which was previously included in the Design and Technology subject group.
  14. z = When an observation is not applicable

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