Data set from Children looked after in England including adoptions

National - Conviction and health outcomes for children looked after continuously for 12 months

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Children looked after at 31 March for at least 12 months, by OC2 indicators. These are:

  • Whether the child was convicted or subject to youth cautions, or youth conditional cautions during the year
  • Whether the child was identified as having a substance misuse problem, and if so, if they were offered an intervention and if they refused it
  • Whether the child had their annual health assessment
  • Whether the child had their immunisations up to date
  • Whether the child had their teeth checked by a dentist
  • If the child is under 5 years whether their development assessments are up to date
  • Information on Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) scores

Data formerly in tables I1 , I2, I3, I4, I5a and I5b.


1. Figures include children who have been continuously looked after for at least 12 months as at 31 March and exclude children who were looked after under an agreed series of short term placements. Numbers have been rounded to the nearest 10. Percentages have been rounded to the nearest whole number. Age is as at 31 March.

2. Offending totals include a small number of children for whom offending data is not known (less than 10 each year). Latest available comparable offending figures from the Ministry of Justice for all children are for 2017 where 1% of all children aged 10-17 years were convicted or subject to youth cautions, or youth conditional cautions during the year.

3. Substance misuse is defined as 'intoxication by (or regular excessive consumption and/or dependence on) psychoactive substances, leading to social, psychological, physical or legal problems'. It includes problematic use of both legal and illegal drugs (including alcohol when used in conjunction with other substances). The term 'drug' is used to refer to any psychotropic substance, including illegal drugs, illicit use of prescription drugs and volatile substances. Young people's drug taking is often inextricably linked with the consumption of alcohol. Therefore the term 'substance' refers to both drugs and alcohol but not tobacco.

4. Immunisations were up to date by end of March. 'Up to date' means the child has had all immunisations that a child of their age should have received, according to the immunisations timetable produced by the Department of Health.

5. 'Teeth checked by dentist' records whether the child has had their teeth checked by a dentist in the year ending 31 March

6. 'Had annual health assessment' records whether the child received their annual health assessment from a doctor or other suitably qualified professional during the year. Both assessments must be carried out for under fives (once in every six months before the child's fifth birthday). For fives and over a single assessment fulfils the requirement.

7. Development assessment information is collected for children aged 4 or younger at 31 March who were looked after continuously for at least 12 months. This measures whether the child's health surveillance or health promotion checks were up to date.

8. Average SDQ scores have been rounded to the nearest whole number but are rounded to one decimal place in the underlying data file. An SDQ score is required of all children aged 4-16 on the date of last assessment. Date of assessment is not collected so data in this table is restricted to children aged 5 to 16 years. A higher score indicates more emotional difficulties. 0-13 is considered normal, 14-16 is borderline cause for concern and 17-40 is cause for concern.

Data set details

Children's social care
Children looked after in England including adoptions
Release type
Geographic levels
  • Number
  • Percentage
  • Characteristic by age groups
  • Gender
Time period
2018 to 2020

Data set preview

Table showing first 5 rows, from underlying data
2018Reporting yearNationalE92000001EnglandFemale1 year and under3. Development assessments: Children looked after age groups84033
2018Reporting yearNationalE92000001EnglandFemale1 year and under3.1 Development assessments up to date73086
2018Reporting yearNationalE92000001EnglandFemale2 years3. Development assessments: Children looked after age groups58023
2018Reporting yearNationalE92000001EnglandFemale2 years3.1 Development assessments up to date49085
2018Reporting yearNationalE92000001EnglandFemale3 years3. Development assessments: Children looked after age groups56022

Variables in this data set

Table showing all 4 variables
Variable nameVariable description
age_groupCharacteristic by age groups

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