Data set from Key stage 4 performance

KS4 subject entry level data

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Last updated
National level entries and grades for the latest year for GCSE subjects for all schools.

Data set details

School and college outcomes and performance
Key stage 4 performance
Release type
Geographic levels
  • The number of exams graded as 1
  • The number of exams graded as 11
  • The number of exams graded as 2
  • The subject pupils are entered for
Time period

Data set preview

Table showing first 5 rows, from underlying data
202021Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandS3All SchoolsTotalTotalAncient HistoryGCSE1081198175161160124101714127zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz194
202021Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandS3All SchoolsTotalTotalAny classical studyGCSE1399062792676210313137684821988944zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz1325
202021Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandS3All SchoolsTotalTotalAny design & technologyGCSE132051943412251160912027821626218291656086353593zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz1293461
202021Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandS3All SchoolsTotalTotalAny modern languageGCSE29656336320344333954936210583224508529349112693649zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz12001177
202021Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandS3All SchoolsTotalTotalAny scienceGCSE9906599672810028010911210328376932469522228110589507164025404954711216180071935027438238845305941081534233968537072247492100411433907854842115

Variables in this data set

Table showing first 5 of 30 variables
Variable nameVariable description
1The number of exams graded as 1
11The number of exams graded as 11
2The number of exams graded as 2
21The number of exams graded as 21
22The number of exams graded as 22


  1. Grade U refers to pupils' results which are ungraded or unclassified.
  2. All schools include state-funded schools, independent schools, independent special schools, non-maintained special schools, hospital schools, pupil referral units and alternative provision. Alternative provision includes academy and free school alternative provision. Since September 2013, general further education colleges and sixth-form colleges have been able to directly enrol 14 to 16 year-olds. 2014/15 was the first year in which colleges have pupils at the end of key stage 4. From 2016 onwards, entries and achievements for these pupils are included in figures as state-funded schools.
  3. z = When an observation is not applicable
  4. Grade X refers to pupils who were absent or whose results are pending.
  5. In 2020 and 2021, all GCSEs in England have been reformed and use the new 9 to 1 grading system (rather than A*-G). Year on year comparisons will be limited until these qualifications are consistently included from 2020 onwards. However, results for 2020 and 2021 are not comparable with earlier years due to the cancellation of exams (due to COVID-19) and the changes to the way GCSE grades were awarded.
  6. : = When data is unavailable for other reasons
  7. Only GCSEs and established GCSE equivalents (Cambridge International certificates and Edexcel level 1/2 certificates) are included in this data. Excludes Double Awards.
  8. In 2017, new reformed GCSEs (which use the 9-1 grade scale) were introduced into secondary school performance tables in a phased approach. Unreformed subjects continued to be graded using the A* to G system. Information on how the 9 to 1 scale and the A* to G scale are different and not directly comparable is available in the secondary accountability measures guidance. In 2020 and 2021, all GCSEs are now reformed and use the 9-1 grading scale.
  9. Discounting has been applied where pupils have taken the same subject more than once. In 2020/21, only one entry per subject is counted and we count the entry with the highest grade for results received in summer 2021. Previously only the first entry grade would count and this is still the case for any results received before summer 2021. Further information can be found in the secondary accountability guidance. Where pupils have already entered for an exam within the same subject in an earlier year, first entry rules are still being used. For more on the discounting methodology prior to 2020, read the Discounting and Early Entry Guidance at:
  10. Combined Science GCSE is a Double Award and is included in this table for the purpose of comparison with other Science subjects.
  11. Any Design and Technology includes Design and Technology Engineering and Product Design qualifications.

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