Data set from Level 2 and 3 attainment age 16 to 25

Level 2 and 3 attainment - characteristics of those aged 16 to 19

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The numbers and proportions of young people in the state sector who reached Level 2/3 or Level 2 with English and maths by age and characteristics (gender, FSM eligibility, disadvantaged status, ethnicity, SEN and IDACI). 

Also includes numbers and proportions achieving GCSE/other Level 2 English, maths by age and the numbers and proportions achieving at 19 (of those below at 16).

Data set details

School and college outcomes and performance
Level 2 and 3 attainment age 16 to 25
Release type
Geographic levels
  • Level 2
  • Level 2 English via Functional Skills Qualifications
  • Level 2 in English (all qualifications)
  • Age
  • Characteristic
  • Numbers or percentages
Time period
2004/05 to 2023/24

Data set preview

Table showing first 5 rows, from underlying data
200405Academic yearNationalE92000001England16A GenderAttainment gapPercentage:10.71767681:16.2989013116.300157241.5182225671.517518827.2699136597.2702905727.739144921::
200405Academic yearNationalE92000001England16A GenderFemalePercentage27442954.40277813:61.2898053861.2956356747.2417273747.2417273744.127260644.1279893943.00602342::
200405Academic yearNationalE92000001England16A GenderMalePercentage28419343.68510132:44.9909040744.9954784245.723504845.7242085536.8573469436.8576988235.26687849::
200405Academic yearNationalE92000001England16A GenderFemaleNumber274429149297:168197168213129645129645121098121100118021::
200405Academic yearNationalE92000001England16A GenderMaleNumber284193124150:127861127874129943129945104746104747100226::

Variables in this data set

Table showing first 5 of 15 variables
Variable nameVariable description
ageAge - The academic year shown is the year in which the young person has turned (or will turn) 19, irrespective of the age selected. 19 not 16 refers to young people who had not achieved at 16 but had achieved by 19.
L2_em_GCSE_acLevel 2 in English and Maths (GCSEs only)
L2_em_GCSE_othL2Level 2 in English and Maths (all qualifications)
L2_eng_FSQLevel 2 English via Functional Skills Qualifications


  1. Figures for pupil characteristics do not include those in independent schools.
  2. Attainment gaps refer to the difference in attainment between one characteristic group and another. 1) Special Educational Need (SEN) gap: between those with and without SEN, with non-SEN individuals typically having higher attainment; 2) Free School Meal (FSM) gap: between those eligible and not eligible for FSM, with those not eligible for FSM typically having higher attainment; 3) Disadvantage gap: between those deemed disadvantaged (see methodology) and those not disadvantaged, with those not disadvantaged typically having higher attainment; 4) Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI) gap: between the 25% most deprived and the 25% least deprived, with the 25% least deprived typically having higher attainment; 5) Gender gap: between males and females, with females typically having higher attainment.
  3. Figures for English and maths do not include those from independent schools.
  4. See accompanying methodology for definitions of characteristics.
  5. Figures for disadvantage only available from 2016/17 onwards.

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