This publication uses the current region of residence data supplied by the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) to identify graduates who were not living in the UK for the majority of the tax year. Graduates are classified as ‘overseas’ if the address at which they spent the most amount of time at during the tax year was outside of the UK. The purpose is to remove incomplete or missing earnings records and help improve the accuracy of the employment outcomes and earnings calculations presented.
Graduates classified as ‘overseas’ using the DWP data are then removed from the denominator when calculating the employment outcomes for each provider. We have included the proportion living overseas in each provider/region combination as a separate column.
In future publications we hope to supplement the DWP overseas flag with overseas data from the Student Loans Company (SLC), as graduates repaying their loan are required to inform SLC if they move abroad for more than 3 months. However, the data available to DfE is currently limited to English graduates who took out a student loan with the SLC and will under-estimate the proportion living overseas for Scottish and Welsh institutions.
Overall, the proportions recorded as living overseas using the DWP data were small: 0.3% of graduates at HEIs 1 year after graduation (YAG) were classified as overseas compared to 0.7% 3 YAG and 1.2% 5 YAG.
The chart below gives an indication of how this varies at provider level.
The percentage also varies by subject: Languages and area studies and Physics and astronomy were the two subject areas where more than 2% of graduates were classified as overseas 5 years after graduation (3% and 2.4% respectively).
The proportion of overseas graduates at provider level within each subject also varies. When looking at Language and area studies, 21% of HEIs had 0% recorded as living overseas five years after graduation. The provider with the highest percentage of overseas graduates had 11.4%.
The exclusion of those classified as ‘overseas’ from the calculation of the employment outcomes increases the percentage of graduates in ‘sustained employment, further study or both’ across most providers and subjects. Using Languages and area studies as an example, 63.8% of all providers saw an increase in the percentage of graduates in sustained employment, further study or both, 5 years after graduation, when overseas graduates are excluded. For 28% there was no change and in 3.1% there was a reduction. For providers that saw an increase the average increase was 2.7% and the largest increase in sustained employment further study or both at a provider level was 14.3%.