Academic year 2022/23

A level and other 16 to 18 results

Data guidance

Published

Description

This document describes the data included in the ‘A level and other 16 to 18 results: 2022/23’ National Statistics release's underlying data files.  The statistical publication complements the 16-18 school and college performance tables. This data is released under the terms of the Open Government License and is intended to meet at least 3 stars for Open Data.

The publication methodology, available on the publication report, should be referenced alongside this data. It provides information on the data sources, their coverage and quality as well as explaining methodology used in producing the data.

Coverage

This release provides information on A level and other 16-18 results in:

  • Students who have completed their 16-18 phase of education
  • Students who have entered an approved qualification in the reporting year

Approved qualifications are those that are eligible for reporting in the 16-18 school and college performance tables, listed in the 16 to 18 qualifications, discount codes and point scores.

The information is based on data collected via awarding organisations, the school census, and the Individualised Learner Record.

File formats and conventions

Rounding 

This dataset has not had rounding applied. 

Suppression is applied to protect the disclosure of personal information or characteristics.

Conventions 

The following convention is used throughout the underlying data. 

‘z’ Not applicable.

Data files

All data files associated with this releases are listed below with guidance on their content. To download any of these files, please visit our data catalogue.

Attainment and other performance measures - student characteristics

Filename
aggregated_attainment_by_characteristic_201923.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

Attainment metrics for all qualification cohorts, by student characteristics. 

Student characteristics include gender, ethnicity, disadvantage status, free school meal provision, first language, special educational needs (SEN) provision, and KS4 prior attainment.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
aps_per_entry_acadAPS per academic entry
aps_per_entry_agenAPS per applied general entry
aps_per_entry_alevAPS per A level entry
aps_per_entry_best3APS per 'Best 3' entries
aps_per_entry_grade_acadAverage academic result
aps_per_entry_grade_agenAverage applied general result
aps_per_entry_grade_alevAverage A level result
aps_per_entry_grade_best3APS per 'Best 3' entries (grade)
aps_per_entry_grade_technicalcertificateAverage technical certificate result
aps_per_entry_grade_tlevAverage tech level result
aps_per_entry_technicalcertificateAPS per technical certificate entry
aps_per_entry_tlevAPS per tech level entry
characteristic_valueCharacteristic
entered_any_level3_vocational_excluding_applied_generalsNumber of students entered for any level 3 vocational (excluding applied generals)
entered_any_level3_vocational_excluding_tech_levelsNumber of students entered for any level 3 vocational (excluding tech levels)
entered_for_one_or_more_alevNumber of students entered for ≥ 1 A level
entered_for_one_or_more_alev_or_appliedNumber of students entered for ≥ 1 A level or applied A level
number_of_students_acadNumber of academic students
number_of_students_agenNumber of applied general students
number_of_students_alevNumber of A level students
number_of_students_highest_entry_was_l2Number of level 2 vocational students (without approved level 3 entry)
number_of_students_level3Number of level 3 students
number_of_students_potentialNumber of students at end of 16-18 study
number_of_students_technicalcertificateNumber of technical certificate students
number_of_students_tlevNumber of tech level students
pc_achieving_3_astar_to_a_alev% achieving 3 A* to A
pc_achieving_aab_or_better_alev% achieving ≥ AAB
pc_achieving_aab_or_better_atleast_two_facilitating_alev% achieving ≥ AAB for a minimum of 2 facilitating A levels
pc_achieving_atleast_two_alev% achieving ≥ 2 A levels
pc_achieving_atleast_two_substantial_lev3% achieving ≥ 2 substantial level 3 results
pc_achieving_atleast_two_substantial_lev3_acad% achieving ≥ 2 academic results
pc_level2_vocational_students_entered_technicalcertificate% level 2 students vocational students entered for technical certificate
pc_level3_vocational_students_entered_applied_generals% level 3 vocational students (excluding tech levels) who entered applied general
pc_level3_vocational_students_entered_tech_levels% level 3 vocational students (excluding applied generals) who entered tech levels
Footnotes
  1. Figures for the total number of students may not match the sum of females and males, as not all institutions recorded the gender for every student.
  2. Disadvantage status is as reported at the end of key stage 4. Analysis involving disadvantage status includes students at state-funded schools and colleges only.
  3. EHC plans and statements of SEN are legal documents which detail the needs of the individual student, and the assistance they are to receive.
  4. Covers students at the end of advanced level study who were entered for at least one A level, applied single A level, applied double A level or combined A/AS level during 16-18 study, excluding critical thinking and general studies. This measure only includes A level students who have entered less than a total of size 1 in other academic, applied general and tech level qualifications.
  5. Covers students at the end of advanced level study who were entered for at least one A level, excluding critical thinking and general studies. Excludes those students who have entered only applied A levels or applied AS levels. This measure only includes A level students who have entered less than a total of size 1 in other academic, applied general and tech level qualifications. A level facilitating subjects are: biology, chemistry, physics, maths, further maths, geography, history, English literature, modern and classical languages.
  6. A level facilitating subjects are: biology, chemistry, physics, maths, further maths, geography, history, English literature, modern and classical languages.
  7. A maximum of 60 points are available for A level, 50 points for applied general and tech level and 8 points for technical certificates. More information on points, APS bands and grade boundaries can be found in the technical guide for 16 to 18 accountability measures

Attainment and other performance measures - institution type and gender

Filename
aggregated_attainment_by_institution_gender_201923.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

Attainment metrics for all qualification cohorts, by institution type and student gender.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
aps_per_entry_acadAPS per academic entry
aps_per_entry_agenAPS per applied general entry
aps_per_entry_alevAPS per A level entry
aps_per_entry_best3APS per 'Best 3' entries
aps_per_entry_grade_acadAverage academic result
aps_per_entry_grade_agenAverage applied general result
aps_per_entry_grade_alevAverage A level result
aps_per_entry_grade_best3APS per 'Best 3' entries (grade)
aps_per_entry_grade_technicalcertificateAverage technical certificate result
aps_per_entry_grade_tlevAverage tech level result
aps_per_entry_technicalcertificateAPS per technical certificate entry
aps_per_entry_tlevAPS per tech level entry
characteristic_genderGender
entered_any_level3_vocational_excluding_applied_generalsNumber of students entered for any level 3 vocational (excluding applied generals)
entered_any_level3_vocational_excluding_tech_levelsNumber of students entered for any level 3 vocational (excluding tech levels)
entered_for_one_or_more_alevNumber of students entered for ≥ 1 A level
entered_for_one_or_more_alev_or_appliedNumber of students entered for ≥ 1 A level or applied A level
institution_countNumber of institutions
number_of_students_acadNumber of academic students
number_of_students_agenNumber of applied general students
number_of_students_alevNumber of A level students
number_of_students_highest_entry_was_l2Number of level 2 vocational students (without approved level 3 entry)
number_of_students_level3Number of level 3 students
number_of_students_potentialNumber of students at end of 16-18 study
number_of_students_technicalcertificateNumber of technical certificate students
number_of_students_tlevNumber of tech level students
pc_achieving_3_astar_to_a_alev% achieving 3 A* to A
pc_achieving_aab_or_better_alev% achieving ≥ AAB
pc_achieving_aab_or_better_atleast_two_facilitating_alev% achieving ≥ AAB for a minimum of 2 facilitating A levels
pc_achieving_atleast_two_alev% achieving ≥ 2 A levels
pc_achieving_atleast_two_substantial_lev3% achieving ≥ 2 substantial level 3 results
pc_achieving_atleast_two_substantial_lev3_acad% achieving ≥ 2 academic results
pc_level2_vocational_students_entered_technicalcertificate% level 2 students vocational students entered for technical certificate
pc_level3_vocational_students_entered_applied_generals% level 3 vocational students (excluding tech levels) who entered applied general
pc_level3_vocational_students_entered_tech_levels% level 3 vocational students (excluding applied generals) who entered tech levels
school_typeInstitution
Footnotes
  1. Figures for the total number of students may not match the sum of females and males, as not all institutions recorded the gender for every student.
  2. 'All state funded schools' includes city technology colleges (CTCs) and state-funded special schools. Figures for these institution types are not shown separately in the table. Excludes pupil referral units (PRUs), alternative provision (AP), hospital schools, non-maintained special schools, independent schools, independent special schools and independent schools approved to take pupils with special educational needs (SEN). These institution types are included in 'All schools'.
  3. Covers students at the end of advanced level study who were entered for at least one A level, applied single A level, applied double A level or combined A/AS level during 16-18 study, excluding critical thinking and general studies. This measure only includes A level students who have entered less than a total of size 1 in other academic, applied general and tech level qualifications.
  4. Covers students at the end of advanced level study who were entered for at least one A level, excluding critical thinking and general studies. Excludes those students who have entered only applied A levels or applied AS levels. This measure only includes A level students who have entered less than a total of size 1 in other academic, applied general and tech level qualifications. A level facilitating subjects are: biology, chemistry, physics, maths, further maths, geography, history, English literature, modern and classical languages.
  5. A level facilitating subjects are: biology, chemistry, physics, maths, further maths, geography, history, English literature, modern and classical languages.
  6. Totals may be less than the sum of separate institution types as students who attend multiple institutions during 16 to 18 study are only included once in aggregations of those institutions. 
  7. A maximum of 60 points are available for A level, 50 points for applied general and tech level and 8 points for technical certificates. More information on points, APS bands and grade boundaries can be found in the technical guide for 16 to 18 accountability measures

Attainment and other performance measures - region and student characteristics

Filename
aggregated_attainment_by_region_characteristic_201923.csv
Geographic levels
Local authority; National; Regional
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

Attainment metrics for all qualification cohorts, by region or local authority and student characteristics. 

Student characteristics include gender, ethnicity, disadvantage status, free school meal provision, first language, special educational needs (SEN) provision, and KS4 prior attainment.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
aps_per_entry_acadAPS per academic entry
aps_per_entry_agenAPS per applied general entry
aps_per_entry_alevAPS per A level entry
aps_per_entry_best3APS per 'Best 3' entries
aps_per_entry_grade_acadAverage academic result
aps_per_entry_grade_agenAverage applied general result
aps_per_entry_grade_alevAverage A level result
aps_per_entry_grade_best3APS per 'Best 3' entries (grade)
aps_per_entry_grade_technicalcertificateAverage technical certificate result
aps_per_entry_grade_tlevAverage tech level result
aps_per_entry_technicalcertificateAPS per technical certificate entry
aps_per_entry_tlevAPS per tech level entry
characteristic_valueCharacteristic
entered_any_level3_vocational_excluding_applied_generalsNumber of students entered for any level 3 vocational (excluding applied generals)
entered_any_level3_vocational_excluding_tech_levelsNumber of students entered for any level 3 vocational (excluding tech levels)
entered_for_one_or_more_alevNumber of students entered for ≥ 1 A level
entered_for_one_or_more_alev_or_appliedNumber of students entered for ≥ 1 A level or applied A level
number_of_students_acadNumber of academic students
number_of_students_agenNumber of applied general students
number_of_students_alevNumber of A level students
number_of_students_highest_entry_was_l2Number of level 2 vocational students (without approved level 3 entry)
number_of_students_level3Number of level 3 students
number_of_students_potentialNumber of students at end of 16-18 study
number_of_students_technicalcertificateNumber of technical certificate students
number_of_students_tlevNumber of tech level students
pc_achieving_3_astar_to_a_alev% achieving 3 A* to A
pc_achieving_aab_or_better_alev% achieving ≥ AAB
pc_achieving_aab_or_better_atleast_two_facilitating_alev% achieving ≥ AAB for a minimum of 2 facilitating A levels
pc_achieving_atleast_two_alev% achieving ≥ 2 A levels
pc_achieving_atleast_two_substantial_lev3% achieving ≥ 2 substantial level 3 results
pc_achieving_atleast_two_substantial_lev3_acad% achieving ≥ 2 academic results
pc_level2_vocational_students_entered_technicalcertificate% level 2 students vocational students entered for technical certificate
pc_level3_vocational_students_entered_applied_generals% level 3 vocational students (excluding tech levels) who entered applied general
pc_level3_vocational_students_entered_tech_levels% level 3 vocational students (excluding applied generals) who entered tech levels
school_typeInstitution
Footnotes
  1. Figures for the total number of students may not match the sum of females and males, as not all institutions recorded the gender for every student.
  2. Disadvantage status is as reported at the end of key stage 4. Analysis involving disadvantage status includes students at state-funded schools and colleges only.
  3. EHC plans and statements of SEN are legal documents which detail the needs of the individual student, and the assistance they are to receive.
  4. Covers students at the end of advanced level study who were entered for at least one A level, applied single A level, applied double A level or combined A/AS level during 16-18 study, excluding critical thinking and general studies. This measure only includes A level students who have entered less than a total of size 1 in other academic, applied general and tech level qualifications.
  5. Covers students at the end of advanced level study who were entered for at least one A level, excluding critical thinking and general studies. Excludes those students who have entered only applied A levels or applied AS levels. This measure only includes A level students who have entered less than a total of size 1 in other academic, applied general and tech level qualifications. A level facilitating subjects are: biology, chemistry, physics, maths, further maths, geography, history, English literature, modern and classical languages.
  6. A level facilitating subjects are: biology, chemistry, physics, maths, further maths, geography, history, English literature, modern and classical languages.
  7. A maximum of 60 points are available for A level, 50 points for applied general and tech level and 8 points for technical certificates. More information on points, APS bands and grade boundaries can be found in the technical guide for 16 to 18 accountability measures

Attainment and other performance measures - student characteristics and disadvantage status

Filename
aggregated_attainment_by_supercharacteristic_201923.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

Attainment metrics for all qualification cohorts, by a combination of disadvantage status and other student characteristics. 

Other student characteristics include gender, ethnicity, first language, special educational needs (SEN) provision, and KS4 prior attainment.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
aps_per_entry_acadAPS per academic entry
aps_per_entry_agenAPS per applied general entry
aps_per_entry_alevAPS per A level entry
aps_per_entry_best3APS per 'Best 3' entries
aps_per_entry_grade_acadAverage academic result
aps_per_entry_grade_agenAverage applied general result
aps_per_entry_grade_alevAverage A level result
aps_per_entry_grade_best3APS per 'Best 3' entries (grade)
aps_per_entry_grade_technicalcertificateAverage technical certificate result
aps_per_entry_grade_tlevAverage tech level result
aps_per_entry_technicalcertificateAPS per technical certificate entry
aps_per_entry_tlevAPS per tech level entry
characteristic_disadvantageCharacteristic disadvantage
characteristic_valueCharacteristic
entered_any_level3_vocational_excluding_applied_generalsNumber of students entered for any level 3 vocational (excluding applied generals)
entered_any_level3_vocational_excluding_tech_levelsNumber of students entered for any level 3 vocational (excluding tech levels)
entered_for_one_or_more_alevNumber of students entered for ≥ 1 A level
entered_for_one_or_more_alev_or_appliedNumber of students entered for ≥ 1 A level or applied A level
number_of_students_acadNumber of academic students
number_of_students_agenNumber of applied general students
number_of_students_alevNumber of A level students
number_of_students_highest_entry_was_l2Number of level 2 vocational students (without approved level 3 entry)
number_of_students_level3Number of level 3 students
number_of_students_potentialNumber of students at end of 16-18 study
number_of_students_technicalcertificateNumber of technical certificate students
number_of_students_tlevNumber of tech level students
pc_achieving_3_astar_to_a_alev% achieving 3 A* to A
pc_achieving_aab_or_better_alev% achieving ≥ AAB
pc_achieving_aab_or_better_atleast_two_facilitating_alev% achieving ≥ AAB for a minimum of 2 facilitating A levels
pc_achieving_atleast_two_alev% achieving ≥ 2 A levels
pc_achieving_atleast_two_substantial_lev3% achieving ≥ 2 substantial level 3 results
pc_achieving_atleast_two_substantial_lev3_acad% achieving ≥ 2 academic results
pc_level2_vocational_students_entered_technicalcertificate% level 2 students vocational students entered for technical certificate
pc_level3_vocational_students_entered_applied_generals% level 3 vocational students (excluding tech levels) who entered applied general
pc_level3_vocational_students_entered_tech_levels% level 3 vocational students (excluding applied generals) who entered tech levels
Footnotes
  1. Figures for the total number of students may not match the sum of females and males, as not all institutions recorded the gender for every student.
  2. Disadvantage status is as reported at the end of key stage 4. Analysis involving disadvantage status includes students at state-funded schools and colleges only.
  3. EHC plans and statements of SEN are legal documents which detail the needs of the individual student, and the assistance they are to receive.
  4. Covers students at the end of advanced level study who were entered for at least one A level, applied single A level, applied double A level or combined A/AS level during 16-18 study, excluding critical thinking and general studies. This measure only includes A level students who have entered less than a total of size 1 in other academic, applied general and tech level qualifications.
  5. Covers students at the end of advanced level study who were entered for at least one A level, excluding critical thinking and general studies. Excludes those students who have entered only applied A levels or applied AS levels. This measure only includes A level students who have entered less than a total of size 1 in other academic, applied general and tech level qualifications. A level facilitating subjects are: biology, chemistry, physics, maths, further maths, geography, history, English literature, modern and classical languages.
  6. A level facilitating subjects are: biology, chemistry, physics, maths, further maths, geography, history, English literature, modern and classical languages.
  7. A maximum of 60 points are available for A level, 50 points for applied general and tech level and 8 points for technical certificates. More information on points, APS bands and grade boundaries can be found in the technical guide for 16 to 18 accountability measures

Attainment and other performance measures - rurality

Filename
aggregated_attainment_by_rurality_201923.csv
Geographic levels
Regional
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

Attainment metrics for all qualification cohorts, by rurality.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
aps_per_entry_acadAPS per academic entry
aps_per_entry_agenAPS per applied general entry
aps_per_entry_alevAPS per A level entry
aps_per_entry_best3APS per 'Best 3' entries
aps_per_entry_grade_acadAverage academic result
aps_per_entry_grade_agenAverage applied general result
aps_per_entry_grade_alevAverage A level result
aps_per_entry_grade_best3APS per 'Best 3' entries (grade)
aps_per_entry_grade_technicalcertificateAverage technical certificate result
aps_per_entry_grade_tlevAverage tech level result
aps_per_entry_technicalcertificateAPS per technical certificate entry
aps_per_entry_tlevAPS per tech level entry
entered_any_level3_vocational_excluding_applied_generalsNumber of students entered for any level 3 vocational (excluding applied generals)
entered_any_level3_vocational_excluding_tech_levelsNumber of students entered for any level 3 vocational (excluding tech levels)
entered_for_one_or_more_alevNumber of students entered for ≥ 1 A level
entered_for_one_or_more_alev_or_appliedNumber of students entered for ≥ 1 A level or applied A level
number_of_students_acadNumber of academic students
number_of_students_agenNumber of applied general students
number_of_students_alevNumber of A level students
number_of_students_highest_entry_was_l2Number of level 2 vocational students (without approved level 3 entry)
number_of_students_level3Number of level 3 students
number_of_students_potentialNumber of students at end of 16-18 study
number_of_students_technicalcertificateNumber of technical certificate students
number_of_students_tlevNumber of tech level students
pc_achieving_3_astar_to_a_alev% achieving 3 A* to A
pc_achieving_aab_or_better_alev% achieving ≥ AAB
pc_achieving_aab_or_better_atleast_two_facilitating_alev% achieving ≥ AAB for a minimum of 2 facilitating A levels
pc_achieving_atleast_two_alev% achieving ≥ 2 A levels
pc_achieving_atleast_two_substantial_lev3% achieving ≥ 2 substantial level 3 results
pc_achieving_atleast_two_substantial_lev3_acad% achieving ≥ 2 academic results
pc_level2_vocational_students_entered_technicalcertificate% level 2 students vocational students entered for technical certificate
pc_level3_vocational_students_entered_applied_generals% level 3 vocational students (excluding tech levels) who entered applied general
pc_level3_vocational_students_entered_tech_levels% level 3 vocational students (excluding applied generals) who entered tech levels
ruralityRurality
Footnotes
  1. Covers students at the end of advanced level study who were entered for at least one A level, applied single A level, applied double A level or combined A/AS level during 16-18 study, excluding critical thinking and general studies. This measure only includes A level students who have entered less than a total of size 1 in other academic, applied general and tech level qualifications.
  2. Covers students at the end of advanced level study who were entered for at least one A level, excluding critical thinking and general studies. Excludes those students who have entered only applied A levels or applied AS levels. This measure only includes A level students who have entered less than a total of size 1 in other academic, applied general and tech level qualifications. A level facilitating subjects are: biology, chemistry, physics, maths, further maths, geography, history, English literature, modern and classical languages.
  3. A level facilitating subjects are: biology, chemistry, physics, maths, further maths, geography, history, English literature, modern and classical languages.
  4. A maximum of 60 points are available for A level, 50 points for applied general and tech level and 8 points for technical certificates. More information on points, APS bands and grade boundaries can be found in the technical guide for 16 to 18 accountability measures

Attainment and other performance measures - disadvantage status as a percentage of cohort

Filename
aa_by_disadvantage_proportions_201923.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

Disadvantage status as a percentage of each exam cohort.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
cohortCohort
disadvantage_statusDisadvantage status
students_numberNumber of students
students_proportionProportion of students
Footnotes
  1. Disadvantage status is as reported at the end of key stage 4. Analysis involving disadvantage status includes students at state-funded schools and colleges only.

Attainment and other performance measures - prior attainment as a percentage of cohort

Filename
aa_by_priorattainment_proportions_201923.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

Prior attainment at Key Stage 4 as a percentage of each exam cohort.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
cohortCohort
prior_attainmentPrior attainment
students_numberNumber of students
students_proportionProportion of students

English and Maths - below level 3 entries by student characteristics

Filename
english_maths_below_l3_by_characteristic_201923.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

Entries and passes for below level 3 English and maths, by qualification type and student characteristics.

Student characteristics include gender, ethnicity, disadvantage status, free school meal provision, first language, special educational needs (SEN) provision, and KS4 prior attainment.

Includes entries in the current exam year for 16-18 students, after discounting. Includes pending awards.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
characteristic_valueCharacteristic
entry_countNumber of entries
entry_passNumber of passes
perc_entry_passProportion of cohort achieving a pass at level
progress_subjectSubject
qual_minorQualification
Footnotes
  1. Figures for the total number of students may not match the sum of females and males, as not all institutions recorded the gender for every student.
  2. Disadvantage status is as reported at the end of key stage 4. Analysis involving disadvantage status includes students at state-funded schools and colleges only.
  3. EHC plans and statements of SEN are legal documents which detail the needs of the individual student, and the assistance they are to receive.
  4. Exam entries are for the current academic year. Includes pending awards. Covers students aged 16, 17 or 18 at the start of the academic year. 

English and Maths - below level 3 entries by institution type

Filename
english_maths_below_l3_by_institution_201923.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

Entries and passes for below level 3 English and maths, by qualification type, institution type and student gender.

Includes entries in the current exam year for 16-18 students, after discounting. Includes pending awards.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
entry_countNumber of entries
entry_passNumber of passes
perc_entry_passProportion of cohort achieving a pass at level
progress_subjectSubject
qual_minorQualification
school_typeInstitution
Footnotes
  1. 'All state funded schools' includes city technology colleges (CTCs) and state-funded special schools. Figures for these institution types are not shown separately in the table. Excludes pupil referral units (PRUs), alternative provision (AP), hospital schools, non-maintained special schools, independent schools, independent special schools and independent schools approved to take pupils with special educational needs (SEN). These institution types are included in 'All schools'.
  2. Exam entries are for the current academic year. Includes pending awards. Covers students aged 16, 17 or 18 at the start of the academic year. 

Student counts and Results - A level by subject and student characteristics (end of 16-18 study)

Filename
alevel_counts_results_by_characteristic_1618study_201923.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

A level student counts by grade achieved, subject and student characteristics.

Student characteristics include gender, ethnicity, disadvantage status, free school meal provision, first language, special educational needs (SEN) provision, and KS4 prior attainment.

Includes students triggered for inclusion in performance tables who completed A levels during 16-18 study, after discounting of exams. 

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
a_grade_achievedNumber at grade A.
astar_grade_achievedNumber at grade A*.
b_grade_achievedNumber at grade B.
c_grade_achievedNumber at grade C.
characteristic_valueCharacteristic
d_grade_achievedNumber at grade D.
e_grade_achievedNumber at grade E.
perc_astar_a_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - A
perc_astar_b_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - B
perc_astar_c_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - C
perc_astar_d_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - D
perc_astar_e_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - E
perc_astar_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A*
perc_total_studentsPercent of students
subject_nameSubject
total_studentsTotal number of students
u_grade_achievedNumber at grade U.
Footnotes
  1. Figures for the total number of students may not match the sum of females and males, as not all institutions recorded the gender for every student.
  2. Disadvantage status is as reported at the end of key stage 4. Analysis involving disadvantage status includes students at state-funded schools and colleges only.
  3. EHC plans and statements of SEN are legal documents which detail the needs of the individual student, and the assistance they are to receive.
  4. Includes students triggered for inclusion in performance tables who completed A levels during 16-18 study, after discounting of exams. Includes pending awards.

Student counts and Results - A level by institution type and gender (end of 16-18 study)

Filename
alevel_counts_results_by_institution_gender_1618study_201923.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

A level student counts by grade achieved, institution type and student gender. 

Includes students triggered for inclusion in performance tables who completed A levels during 16-18 study, after discounting of exams.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
a_grade_achievedNumber at grade A.
astar_grade_achievedNumber at grade A*.
b_grade_achievedNumber at grade B.
c_grade_achievedNumber at grade C.
characteristic_genderGender
d_grade_achievedNumber at grade D.
e_grade_achievedNumber at grade E.
perc_astar_a_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - A
perc_astar_b_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - B
perc_astar_c_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - C
perc_astar_d_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - D
perc_astar_e_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - E
perc_astar_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A*
school_typeInstitution
total_studentsTotal number of students
u_grade_achievedNumber at grade U.
Footnotes
  1. Figures for the total number of students may not match the sum of females and males, as not all institutions recorded the gender for every student.
  2. 'All state funded schools' includes city technology colleges (CTCs) and state-funded special schools. Figures for these institution types are not shown separately in the table. Excludes pupil referral units (PRUs), alternative provision (AP), hospital schools, non-maintained special schools, independent schools, independent special schools and independent schools approved to take pupils with special educational needs (SEN). These institution types are included in 'All schools'.
  3. Includes students triggered for inclusion in performance tables who completed A levels during 16-18 study, after discounting of exams. Includes pending awards.
  4. Totals may be less than the sum of separate institution types as students who attend multiple institutions during 16 to 18 study are only included once in aggregations of those institutions. 

Student counts and Results - A level by region and subject (end of 16-18 study)

Filename
alevel_counts_results_by_region_1618study_201923.csv
Geographic levels
Local authority; Regional
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

A level student counts by grade achieved, subject and region or local authority.

Includes students triggered for inclusion in performance tables who completed A levels during 16-18 study, after discounting of exams.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
a_grade_achievedNumber at grade A.
astar_grade_achievedNumber at grade A*.
b_grade_achievedNumber at grade B.
c_grade_achievedNumber at grade C.
d_grade_achievedNumber at grade D.
e_grade_achievedNumber at grade E.
perc_astar_a_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - A
perc_astar_b_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - B
perc_astar_c_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - C
perc_astar_d_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - D
perc_astar_e_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - E
perc_astar_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A*
perc_total_studentsPercent of students
school_typeInstitution
subject_nameSubject
total_studentsTotal number of students
u_grade_achievedNumber at grade U.
Footnotes
  1. Includes students triggered for inclusion in performance tables who completed A levels during 16-18 study, after discounting of exams. Includes pending awards.

Student counts - vocational qualifications by subject and student characteristics (end of 16-18 study)

Filename
vocational_counts_by_characteristic_1618study_201923.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

Vocational qualification student counts, by Ofqual subject area and student characteristics.

Student characteristics include gender, ethnicity, disadvantage status, free school meal provision, first language, special educational needs (SEN) provision, and KS4 prior attainment.

Includes students triggered for inclusion in performance tables who completed A levels during 16-18 study, after discounting of exams. 

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
characteristic_valueCharacteristic
exam_cohortExam cohort
ofqual_tier_2Ofqual subject area
perc_student_passPercent of students achieving a pass
student_countNumber of students
student_passNumber of students achieving a pass
Footnotes
  1. Figures for the total number of students may not match the sum of females and males, as not all institutions recorded the gender for every student.
  2. Disadvantage status is as reported at the end of key stage 4. Analysis involving disadvantage status includes students at state-funded schools and colleges only.
  3. EHC plans and statements of SEN are legal documents which detail the needs of the individual student, and the assistance they are to receive.
  4. Includes students triggered for inclusion in performance tables who completed a vocational qualification during 16-18 study, after discounting of exams.

Student counts grade combinations - A level by student characteristics

Filename
alevel_counts_grade_combinations_by_characteristic_201923.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

A level grade combinations achieved, by student characteristics. Coverage is all students that entered at least 1 A level. Grade outcomes are converted into UCAS points by adding up a student's best 3 A level results (A*=56, A = 48, B = 40, C= 32, D=24, E=16).

Student characteristics include gender, ethnicity, disadvantage status, free school meal provision, first language, special educational needs (SEN) provision, and KS4 prior attainment.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
01_ucas_168168+ UCAS Tariff Points (A*A*A* or equivalent/higher)
02_ucas_160160+ UCAS Tariff Points (A*A*A or equivalent/higher)
03_ucas_152152+ UCAS Tariff Points (A*AA or equivalent/higher)
04_ucas_144144+ UCAS Tariff Points (AAA or equivalent/higher)
05_ucas_136136+ UCAS Tariff Points (AAB or equivalent/higher)
06_ucas_128128+ UCAS Tariff Points (ABB or equivalent/higher)
07_ucas_120120+ UCAS Tariff Points (BBB or equivalent/higher)
08_ucas_112112+ UCAS Tariff Points (BBC or equivalent/higher)
09_ucas_104104+ UCAS Tariff Points (BCC or equivalent/higher)
10_ucas_9696+ UCAS Tariff Points (CCC or equivalent/higher)
11_ucas_8888+ UCAS Tariff Points (CCD or equivalent/higher)
12_ucas_8080+ UCAS Tariff Points (CDD or equivalent/higher)
13_ucas_7272+ UCAS Tariff Points (DDD or equivalent/higher)
14_ucas_6464+ UCAS Tariff Points (DDE or equivalent/higher)
15_ucas_5656+ UCAS Tariff Points (DEE or equivalent/higher)
16_ucas_4848+ UCAS Tariff Points (EEE or equivalent/higher)
characteristic_valueCharacteristic
student_countTotal number of students
Footnotes
  1. Figures for the total number of students may not match the sum of females and males, as not all institutions recorded the gender for every student.
  2. Disadvantage status is as reported at the end of key stage 4. Analysis involving disadvantage status includes students at state-funded schools and colleges only.
  3. EHC plans and statements of SEN are legal documents which detail the needs of the individual student, and the assistance they are to receive.
  4. Includes students triggered for inclusion in performance tables who completed A levels during 16-18 study (excluding general studies and critical thinking), after discounting of exams. Includes pending awards.

Entries and Results - A level and AS by subject and student characteristics (single academic year)

Filename
alevel_as_entries_results_by_characteristic_singleyr_201923.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

A level and AS level entries by grade achieved, subject and student characteristics.

Student characteristics include gender, ethnicity, disadvantage status, free school meal provision, first language, special educational needs (SEN) provision, and KS4 prior attainment.

Includes entries in the current exam year for 16-18 students, after discounting. Includes pending awards.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
a_grade_achievedNumber at grade A.
astar_grade_achievedNumber at grade A*.
b_grade_achievedNumber at grade B.
c_grade_achievedNumber at grade C.
characteristic_valueCharacteristic
d_grade_achievedNumber at grade D.
e_grade_achievedNumber at grade E.
entry_countExam entries
perc_astar_a_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - A
perc_astar_b_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - B
perc_astar_c_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - C
perc_astar_d_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - D
perc_astar_e_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - E
perc_astar_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A*
qualificationQualification
subject_nameSubject
u_grade_achievedNumber at grade U.
Footnotes
  1. Figures for the total number of students may not match the sum of females and males, as not all institutions recorded the gender for every student.
  2. Disadvantage status is as reported at the end of key stage 4. Analysis involving disadvantage status includes students at state-funded schools and colleges only.
  3. EHC plans and statements of SEN are legal documents which detail the needs of the individual student, and the assistance they are to receive.
  4. Exam entries are for the current academic year, after discounting of exams. Includes pending awards. Covers students aged 16, 17 or 18 at the start of the academic year. 

Entries and Results - A level and AS by institution type and gender (single academic year)

Filename
alevel_as_entries_results_by_institution_gender_singleyr_201923.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

A level and AS level entries by grade achieved, institution type and student gender. 

Includes entries in the current exam year for 16-18 students, after discounting. Includes pending awards.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
a_grade_achievedNumber at grade A.
astar_grade_achievedNumber at grade A*.
b_grade_achievedNumber at grade B.
c_grade_achievedNumber at grade C.
characteristic_genderGender
d_grade_achievedNumber at grade D.
e_grade_achievedNumber at grade E.
entry_countExam entries
institution_countNumber of institutions
perc_astar_a_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - A
perc_astar_b_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - B
perc_astar_c_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - C
perc_astar_d_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - D
perc_astar_e_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - E
perc_astar_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A*
qualificationQualification
school_typeInstitution
u_grade_achievedNumber at grade U.
Footnotes
  1. Figures for the total number of students may not match the sum of females and males, as not all institutions recorded the gender for every student.
  2. 'All state funded schools' includes city technology colleges (CTCs) and state-funded special schools. Figures for these institution types are not shown separately in the table. Excludes pupil referral units (PRUs), alternative provision (AP), hospital schools, non-maintained special schools, independent schools, independent special schools and independent schools approved to take pupils with special educational needs (SEN). These institution types are included in 'All schools'.
  3. Exam entries are for the current academic year, after discounting of exams. Includes pending awards. Covers students aged 16, 17 or 18 at the start of the academic year. 

Entries and Results - A level and AS by region and subject (single academic year)

Filename
alevel_as_entries_results_by_region_singleyr_201923.csv
Geographic levels
Local authority; Regional
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

A level and AS level entries by grade achieved, subject and region or local authority

Includes entries in the current exam year for 16-18 students, after discounting. Includes pending awards.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
a_grade_achievedNumber at grade A.
astar_grade_achievedNumber at grade A*.
b_grade_achievedNumber at grade B.
c_grade_achievedNumber at grade C.
d_grade_achievedNumber at grade D.
e_grade_achievedNumber at grade E.
entry_countExam entries
perc_astar_a_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - A
perc_astar_b_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - B
perc_astar_c_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - C
perc_astar_d_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - D
perc_astar_e_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - E
perc_astar_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A*
qualificationQualification
school_typeInstitution
subject_nameSubject
u_grade_achievedNumber at grade U.
Footnotes
  1. Exam entries are for the current academic year, after discounting of exams. Includes pending awards. Covers students aged 16, 17 or 18 at the start of the academic year. 

Entries - vocational qualifications by subject and student characteristics (single academic year)

Filename
vocational_entries_by_characteristic_singleyr_201923.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

Vocational qualification entries, by Ofqual subject area and student characteristics.

Student characteristics include gender, ethnicity, disadvantage status, free school meal provision, first language, special educational needs (SEN) provision, and KS4 prior attainment.

Includes entries in the current exam year for 16-18 students, after discounting. Includes pending awards.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
characteristic_valueCharacteristic
entry_countExam entries
entry_passExam passes
exam_cohortExam cohort
ofqual_tier_2Ofqual subject area
perc_entry_passPercent of exam passes
Footnotes
  1. Figures for the total number of students may not match the sum of females and males, as not all institutions recorded the gender for every student.
  2. Disadvantage status is as reported at the end of key stage 4. Analysis involving disadvantage status includes students at state-funded schools and colleges only.
  3. EHC plans and statements of SEN are legal documents which detail the needs of the individual student, and the assistance they are to receive.
  4. Exam entries are for the current academic year, after discounting of exams. Includes pending awards. Covers students aged 16, 17 or 18 at the start of the academic year. 

Maths and science - subject combinations by student characteristics

Filename
maths_science_combinations_by_characteristic_201923.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

Number of students entered for combinations of maths and science A levels during 16-18 study, by student characteristics. 

Student characteristics include gender, ethnicity, disadvantage status, free school meal provision, first language, special educational needs (SEN) provision, and KS4 prior attainment.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
characteristic_valueCharacteristic
num_students_entered_distinct_combinationthat entered exact subject combination and no other Maths/Science subjects
num_students_entered_subjects_includingthat entered selected subject combination
perc_num_students_entered_distinct_combinationthat entered exact subject combination and no other Maths/Science subjects (%)
perc_num_students_entered_subjects_includingthat entered selected subject combination (%)
sub_name_combCombination of Maths/Science subject A levels entered
Footnotes
  1. Figures for the total number of students may not match the sum of females and males, as not all institutions recorded the gender for every student.
  2. Disadvantage status is as reported at the end of key stage 4. Analysis involving disadvantage status includes students at state-funded schools and colleges only.
  3. EHC plans and statements of SEN are legal documents which detail the needs of the individual student, and the assistance they are to receive.
  4. Includes students triggered for inclusion in performance tables who completed A levels during 16-18 study, after discounting of exams. Includes pending awards.

Maths and science - subject combinations by region and gender

Filename
maths_science_combinations_by_region_gender_201923.csv
Geographic levels
Local authority; Regional
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23
Content

Number of students entered for combinations of maths and science A levels during 16-18 study, by region or local authority and gender. 

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
characteristic_genderGender
num_students_entered_distinct_combinationthat entered exact subject combination and no other Maths/Science subjects
num_students_entered_subjects_includingthat entered selected subject combination
perc_num_students_entered_distinct_combinationthat entered exact subject combination and no other Maths/Science subjects (%)
perc_num_students_entered_subjects_includingthat entered selected subject combination (%)
sub_name_combCombination of Maths/Science subject A levels entered
Footnotes
  1. Figures for the total number of students may not match the sum of females and males, as not all institutions recorded the gender for every student.
  2. Includes students triggered for inclusion in performance tables who completed A levels during 16-18 study, after discounting of exams. Includes pending awards.

Time-series - A level subject entries and grade by gender

Filename
alevel_timeseries_subject_entries_results.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
1995/96 to 2022/23
Content

This data is available  through the ‘Explore data and files’ section in the file called  ‘Time series - A level subject entries and grade by gender’.

In addition it is accessible through the dashboard linked below. The dashboard combines data from this statistical release (covering the latest  2022/23  provisional data ) with selected older data compiled from previous versions of the ‘A level and other 16 to 18 results’ statistical release: 

16-18 Time-series attainment and single year entries

On the left-hand  side, clicking  on the  link ‘A level  entries and grade distribution'  brings up the dashboard with  A level entries and A level grades -  comparison by subject and gender.

These data cover A level entries by students aged 16 to 18 within each academic year from 1995/96.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
characteristic_valueCharacteristic
entry_countExam entries
perc_astar_a_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - A
perc_astar_b_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - B
perc_astar_c_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - C
perc_astar_d_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - D
perc_astar_e_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A* - E
perc_astar_grade_achievedPercent achieving grade A*
subject_nameSubject

Time-series - APS per entry by institution type

Filename
timeseries_aggregated_attainment_by_institution_type.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2012/13 to 2022/23
Content

This data is available  through the ‘Explore data and files’ section in the file called  ‘Time series - APS per entry by institution type’.

In addition it is accessible through the dashboard linked below. The dashboard combines data from this statistical release (covering the latest  2022/23  provisional data ) with selected older data compiled from previous versions of the ‘A level and other 16 to 18 results’ statistical release: 

16-18 Time-series attainment and single year entries

On the left-hand side, clicking  on the  link ‘Attainment: APS per entry and average result’ brings up the dashboard with attainment data in terms of APS per entry.

Data including the applied general and tech level cohorts starts in 2015/16 (when these cohorts were first defined in this statistical release, and school and college data). Data for the A level cohort starts in 2012/13.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
aps_per_entryAPS per entry
aps_per_entry_gradeAverage result
characteristic_genderCharacteristic
number_of_studentsNumber of students
qualification_typeQualification
school_typeInstitution

Multi-academy trusts attainment - student characteristics

Filename
1618_multi_academy_trusts_student_characteristics_202223.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2021/22 to 2022/23
Content

Attainment metrics for academic and applied general qualification cohorts, for academies that are in multi-academy trusts, by performance table eligibility, academy type, and student characteristics. 

Student characteristics include gender, ethnicity, disadvantage status, and KS4 prior attainment.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
academy_typeAcademy type
aps_per_entry_acadAPS per academic entry
aps_per_entry_agenAPS per applied general entry
characteristic_valueCharacteristic
number_of_institutions_acadNumber of institutions with students in the academic cohort
number_of_institutions_agenNumber of institutions with students in the applied general cohort
number_of_students_acadNumber of academic students
number_of_students_agenNumber of applied general students
performance_tables_eligibilityMAT performance tables eligibility
Footnotes
  1. Figures for the total number of students may not match the sum of females and males, as not all institutions recorded the gender for every student.
  2. Disadvantage status is as reported at the end of key stage 4. Analysis involving disadvantage status includes students at state-funded schools and colleges only.
  3. Includes state-funded mainstream academies within multi-academy trusts only. Special schools, pupil referral units, alternative provision academies and alternative provision free schools are not included. 
  4. Academies have been associated with the multi-academy trust that they were part of on 14 September at the start of the academic year. Institutions that joined a multi-academy trust during the academic year are not included
  5. All multi-academy trust institutions include converter academies, sponsored academies, free schools, studio schools, and university technical colleges (UTCs)
  6. Eligible academies include academies in a multi-academy trust that met the inclusion criteria, i.e., a multi-academy trust that contained at least three academies with results at that phase of education/cohort and where those academies have been in the multi-academy trust for at least three academic years. Ineligible academies were either in a multi-academy trust that did not meet the inclusion criteria or were in a multi-academy trust that met the inclusion criteria, but the academy had not been in the multi-academy trust for at least three academic years.

Multi-academy trusts attainment - MAT properties

Filename
1618_multi_academy_trusts_mat_properties_202223.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2021/22 to 2022/23
Content

Attainment metrics for academic and applied general qualification cohorts, for academies that are in multi-academy trusts, by performance table eligibility, academy type, and MAT info. 

MAT info includes years in trust, and MAT size

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
academy_typeAcademy type
aps_per_entry_acadAPS per academic entry
aps_per_entry_agenAPS per applied general entry
MAT_info_valueMAT Info
number_of_institutions_acadNumber of institutions with students in the academic cohort
number_of_institutions_agenNumber of institutions with students in the applied general cohort
number_of_students_acadNumber of academic students
number_of_students_agenNumber of applied general students
performance_tables_eligibilityMAT performance tables eligibility
Footnotes
  1. Includes state-funded mainstream academies within multi-academy trusts only. Special schools, pupil referral units, alternative provision academies and alternative provision free schools are not included. 
  2. Academies have been associated with the multi-academy trust that they were part of on 14 September at the start of the academic year. Institutions that joined a multi-academy trust during the academic year are not included
  3. All multi-academy trust institutions include converter academies, sponsored academies, free schools, studio schools, and university technical colleges (UTCs)
  4. Eligible academies include academies in a multi-academy trust that met the inclusion criteria, i.e., a multi-academy trust that contained at least three academies with results at that phase of education/cohort and where those academies have been in the multi-academy trust for at least three academic years. Ineligible academies were either in a multi-academy trust that did not meet the inclusion criteria or were in a multi-academy trust that met the inclusion criteria, but the academy had not been in the multi-academy trust for at least three academic years.