Academic Year 2020/21

16-18 destination measures

Data guidance

Published

Description

This document describes the data included in the ‘16-18 destination measures: 2020/21’ National Statistics release’s underlying data files. This data is released under the terms of the Open Government License and is intended to meet at least 3 stars for Open Data.

The publication methodology, available on the publication report, should be referenced alongside this data. It provides information on the data sources, their coverage and quality as well as explaining methodology used in producing the data.

Coverage

This release provides information on destinations from:

  • state-funded mainstream schools and colleges
  • state-funded special schools (including non-maintained special schools)
  • independent schools

This information is based on data from the National Pupil Database and the Longitudinal Education Outcomes dataset.

File formats and conventions

The Code of Practice for Statistics requires us to take reasonable steps to ensure that our published or disseminated statistics protect confidentiality. Where appropriate we apply disclosure control to protect confidentiality. 

The following symbols have been used in this publication: 

( 0 ) zero 

( c ) small number suppressed to preserve confidentiality or for accountability reasons 

( z ) not applicable 

(x) not available

( low ) positive % less than 0.5 

Small cohorts 

At institutional level, where cohorts are less than 6, all data are suppressed. This is to ensure that schools are not held to account for small cohorts of pupils rather than for confidentiality reasons. 

This does not apply to levels of data other than institutional level.

Data files

All data files associated with this releases are listed below with guidance on their content. To download any of these files, please visit our data catalogue.

16-18 national level destinations

Filename
1618_dm_ud_202021_nat_rev.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2010/11 to 2020/21
Content

National level destinations data for students leaving 16 to 18 study for different characteristic groups, provider types, and qualification levels.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
all_notsustNot recorded as a sustained destination
all_unknownActivity not captured
all_workSustained employment destination
appl2Intermediate apprenticeships (level 2)
appl3Advanced apprenticeships (level 3)
appl4Higher and degree apprenticeships (level 4 and above)
apprenSustained apprenticeships
characteristicStudent characteristics
cohortNumber of pupils completing 16-18 study
cohort_levelQualification levels
data_typeData type
edu_comboSustained education combination destination
educationSustained education destination
feFurther education
fel1FE entry level and no identified level
fel2FE Level 2
fel3FE Level 3
heUK higher education institution
indIndependent schools
inst_countNumber of institutions
institution_typeInstitution group
non_desNon-designated provision
notsustEducation or employment not sustained
notsust_benEducation or employment not sustained and known to be NEET
only_benNo participation and known to be NEET
other_eduOther education destinations
overallSustained education, apprenticeship or employment
sfcSixth form college
spec_provSpecialist provision
ssfSchool sixth form - state funded
unknownNot identified in any data
unknown_idIdentified as DWP/HMRC customer
Footnotes
  1. Reforms to technical and applied qualifications mean that the makeup of level 3 and level 2 approved qualification groups differ significantly between destination years 2017/18, 2018/19 and 2019/20. Comparisons across years and approved/other qualification groups should therefore be made with particular caution.
  2. All other education destinations include school sixth forms, sixth-form colleges, independent schools, specialist post-16 institutions, special schools and education combination destinations.
  3. State-funded mainstream schools include local authority maintained schools, academies, free schools and city technology colleges.
  4. This includes pupils who were captured in the source data and had some participation in the academic year but did not complete the required six months sustained participation.
  5. Please note data for independent schools has much lower coverage than state-funded schools. This is likely to be due to difficulties linking their education records to employment data.
  6. Local authority maintained includes community, voluntary aided, voluntary controlled and foundation schools.
  7. State-funded mainstream colleges includes sixth-form colleges and other further education colleges.
  8. State-funded mainstream colleges excludes other government department funded colleges.
  9. All schools includes all local authority maintained mainstream schools, sponsored academies, converter academies, free schools, university technical colleges (UTCs), studio schools, special schools and independent schools. Also includes city technology colleges (CTCs). Alternative provision is not included.
  10. The student was not found to have any participation in education, apprenticeship or employment nor recorded as receiving out-of-work benefits at any point in the year. Possible reasons for this could be that the pupil was living, working or studying abroad or was attending a Scottish or Welsh college or school.
  11. Other non-selective schools includes all non-selective schools that are not in highly selective areas, including those in areas with some selection.
  12. Selective schools admit pupils wholly or mainly with reference to ability. These schools are formally designated as grammar schools. The schools status is based on admission policy in the secondary phase (i.e. age 11).
  13. Total state-funded mainstream schools and colleges covers all state-funded mainstream schools, academies, free schools, city technology colleges (CTCs), sixth-forms and other and FE sector colleges. Excludes alternative provision, special schools, other government department funded colleges and independent schools.
  14. Total for all schools and colleges includes all mainstream and special schools and colleges.
  15. Other are qualifications that are not included elsewhere in the 16-18 attainment performance tables
  16. Independent schools: please note data for independent schools has much lower coverage than state-funded schools. This is likely to be due to difficulties linking their education records to employment data.
  17. Other FE sector colleges excludes other government department funded colleges.
  18. Special schools group include all types of special schools due to the small numbers of schools.
  19. Non-selective schools in highly-selective areas includes all non-selective schools in local authorities with a high level of selection (where 25% or more of state-funded secondary places are in state-funded selective schools). These local authorities are Bexley, Buckinghamshire, Kent, Lincolnshire, Medway, Poole, Slough, Southend-on-Sea, Sutton, Torbay, Trafford and Wirral. See technical note for further details.
  20. State-funded mainstream schools also includes city technology colleges (CTCs). Figures for this institution type are not shown separately in the table. Excludes pupil referral units (PRUs), alternative provision (AP), hospital schools, maintained and non-maintained special schools, independent schools, independent special schools and independent schools approved to take pupils with special educational needs (SEN).

16-18 local authority level destinations

Filename
1618_dm_ud_202021_la_rev.csv
Geographic levels
Local Authority; Local Authority District; Opportunity Area; Parliamentary Constituency; Regional
Time period
2010/11 to 2020/21
Content

Local authority level destinations data for students leaving 16 to 18 study for different characteristic groups, provider types, and qualification levels.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
all_notsustNot recorded as a sustained destination
all_unknownActivity not captured
all_workSustained employment destination
appl2Intermediate apprenticeships (level 2)
appl3Advanced apprenticeships (level 3)
appl4Higher and degree apprenticeships (level 4 and above)
apprenSustained apprenticeships
characteristicStudent characteristic
cohortNumber of pupils completing 16-18 study
cohort_level_groupQualification level
data_typeData type
educationSustained education destination
feFurther education
fel1FE entry level and no identified level
fel2FE Level 2
fel3FE Level 3
heUK higher education institution
institution_groupInstitution group
level_methodologyLevel based on LEA area or provider location
other_eduOther education destinations
overallSustained education, apprenticeship or employment
Footnotes
  1. All other education destinations include school sixth forms, sixth-form colleges, independent schools, specialist post-16 institutions, special schools and education combination destinations.
  2. This includes pupils who were captured in the source data and had some participation in the academic year but did not complete the required six months sustained participation.
  3. State-funded mainstream colleges excludes other government department funded colleges.
  4. The student was not found to have any participation in education, apprenticeship or employment nor recorded as receiving out-of-work benefits at any point in the year. Possible reasons for this could be that the pupil was living, working or studying abroad or was attending a Scottish or Welsh college or school.
  5. Total state-funded mainstream schools and colleges covers all state-funded mainstream schools, academies, free schools, city technology colleges (CTCs), sixth-forms and other and FE sector colleges. Excludes alternative provision, special schools, other government department funded colleges and independent schools.
  6. State-funded mainstream schools also includes city technology colleges (CTCs). Figures for this institution type are not shown separately in the table. Excludes pupil referral units (PRUs), alternative provision (AP), hospital schools, maintained and non-maintained special schools, independent schools, independent special schools and independent schools approved to take pupils with special educational needs (SEN).

Headline data 16-18

Filename
1618_dm_headlines_202021_rev.csv
Geographic levels
National
Time period
2020/21
Content

National level destinations headline data for students leaving 16 to 18 study for different characteristic groups, provider types, and qualification levels.

Variable names and descriptions

Variable names and descriptions for this file are provided below:

Variable nameVariable description
all_notsustNot recorded as a sustained destination
all_unknownActivity not captured
all_workSustained employment destination
appl2Intermediate apprenticeships (level 2)
appl3Advanced apprenticeships (level 3)
appl4Higher and degree apprenticeships (level 4 and above)
apprenSustained apprenticeships
cohortNumber of pupils completing 16-18 study
edu_comboSustained education combination destination
educationSustained education destination
feFurther education
fel1FE entry level and no identified level
fel2FE Level 2
fel3FE Level 3
heUK higher education institution
indIndependent schools
inst_countNumber of institutions
institution_typeInstitution type
non_desNon-designated provision
notsustEducation or employment not sustained
notsust_benEducation or employment not sustained and known to be NEET
only_benNo participation and known to be NEET
other_eduOther education destinations
overallSustained education, apprenticeship or employment
sfcSixth form college
spec_provSpecialist provision
ssfSchool sixth form - state funded
unknownNot identified in any data
unknown_idIdentified as DWP/HMRC customer
Footnotes
  1. All other education destinations include school sixth forms, sixth-form colleges, independent schools, specialist post-16 institutions, special schools and education combination destinations.
  2. This includes pupils who were captured in the source data and had some participation in the academic year but did not complete the required six months sustained participation.
  3. The student was not found to have any participation in education, apprenticeship or employment nor recorded as receiving out-of-work benefits at any point in the year. Possible reasons for this could be that the pupil was living, working or studying abroad or was attending a Scottish or Welsh college or school.