Data set from Key stage 4 performance

Subject timeseries data

Latest data
Last updated

National level time series from 2009/10 to the latest year for entries into individual GCSE subjects broken down by gender and grades received in all schools.

Data set details

School and college outcomes and performance
Key stage 4 performance
Release type
Geographic levels
  • The percentage of entries achieving the designated grade
  • The number of entries into each exam
  • Gender
  • The subject pupils are entered for
  • The grade achieved
Time period
2009/10 to 2022/23

Data set preview

Table showing first 5 rows, from underlying data
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAll schoolsBoysAll Subjects238175191AstarG96.8
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAll schoolsGirlsAll Subjects235472891AstarG97.8
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAll schoolsTotalAll Subjects473647991AstarG97.3
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAll schoolsBoysAll Subjects238175194AstarC67.7
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAll schoolsGirlsAll Subjects235472894AstarC74.8

Variables in this data set

Table showing all 5 variables
Variable nameVariable description
gradeThe grade achieved
percentage_achievingThe percentage of entries achieving the designated grade
subjectThe subject pupils are entered for
total_exam_entriesThe number of entries into each exam


  1. All schools include state-funded schools, independent schools, independent special schools, non-maintained special schools, hospital schools, pupil referral units and alternative provision. Alternative provision includes academy and free school alternative provision. Since September 2013, general further education colleges and sixth-form colleges have been able to directly enrol 14 to 16 year-olds. 2014/15 was the first year in which colleges have pupils at the end of key stage 4. From 2016 onwards, entries and achievements for these pupils are included in figures as state-funded schools.
  2. Some zero percentages may represent small numbers due to rounding.
  3. z = When an observation is not applicable
  4. Discounting has been applied where pupils have taken the same subject more than once. In 2021/22, with the return of the exam series, first entry rules were reintroduced for discounting. Further information can be found in the secondary accountability guidance. For more on the discounting methodology read the Discounting and Early Entry Guidance.
  5. Total number of entries include pupils who were absent, whose results are pending and results which are ungraded or unclassified.
  6. Figures include attempts and achievements by these pupils in previous academic years where discounting has been applied. Where subjects have been combined into a group (e.g. Other Modern Languages) and a pupil has two or more entries, each result in each subject is counted.
  7. Since 2014/15, the early entry policy where only a pupil’s first attempt at a qualification is counted in performance measures was extended to all subjects. 
  8. In 2017, new reformed GCSEs (which use the 9-1 grade scale) were introduced into secondary school performance tables in a phased approach. Unreformed subjects continued to be graded using the A* to G system. From 2020 onwards all GCSEs are now reformed and use the 9-1 grading scale. 
  9. For pupils at the end of KS4 in 2022/23, where pupils achieved qualifications in subjects between January 2020 and August 2021, we will not use results from these qualifications and these results are shown as covid impacted. The entries into the qualifications are still counted. 
  10. Some percentages may not add up to exactly 100% due to rounding. 

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