Data set from A level and other 16 to 18 results

Retention - student characteristics and disadvantage status

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Retention metrics for all qualification cohorts, by a combination of disadvantage status and other student characteristics. 

Other student characteristics include gender, ethnicity, first language, special educational needs (SEN) provision, and KS4 prior attainment.

Data set details

School and college outcomes and performance
A level and other 16 to 18 results
Release type
Geographic levels
  • % retained
  • % retained and assessed
  • % returned and retained for a second year
  • Characteristic
  • Characteristic disadvantage
  • Cohort
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23

Data set preview

Table showing first 5 rows, from underlying data
201819Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedGenderFemaleDisadvantagedA levelLevel 3225892230519438187951715486.05183.20476.907
201920Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandFinalGenderFemaleDisadvantagedA levelLevel 3211042065618396179221695787.16884.92282.092
202021Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandFinalGenderFemaleDisadvantagedA levelLevel 3190151877717161169621653890.2589.20388.076
202122Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedGenderFemaleDisadvantagedA levelLevel 3190391895617310170881689590.91989.75389.127
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedGenderFemaleDisadvantagedA levelLevel 3195791946217234169451675688.02386.54786.096

Variables in this data set

Table showing first 5 of 8 variables
Variable nameVariable description
characteristic_disadvantageCharacteristic disadvantage
perc_retained% retained
perc_retained_and_assessed% retained and assessed


  1. Figures for the total number of students may not match the sum of females and males, as not all institutions recorded the gender for every student.
  2. Disadvantage status is as reported at the end of key stage 4. Analysis involving disadvantage status includes students at state-funded schools and colleges only.
  3. EHC plans and statements of SEN are legal documents which detail the needs of the individual student, and the assistance they are to receive.
  4. A change to the trigger rules was introduced in 2020/21  such that students were no longer automatically reported after two years in 16-18 study. The introduction caused a fall in cohort size, particular within the vocational and technical cohorts. A full impact analysis can be found in the <a href="">methodology document</a>.

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