Data set from Key stage 4 performance

Subject entry level data

Latest data
Last updated

National level entries and grades for the latest year for GCSE subjects for all schools.

Data set details

School and college outcomes and performance
Key stage 4 performance
Release type
Geographic levels
  • The number of exams achieving the designated grade
  • The subject of an exam
  • The grade of an exam
Time period

Data set preview

Table showing first 5 rows, from underlying data
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAll schoolsGCSEAll Subjects1z
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAll schoolsGCSEAll Subjects2z
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAll schoolsGCSEAll Subjects3z
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAll schoolsGCSEAll Subjects4z
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAll schoolsGCSEAll Subjects5z

Variables in this data set

Table showing all 3 variables
Variable nameVariable description
gradeThe grade of an exam
number_achievingThe number of exams achieving the designated grade
subjectThe subject of an exam


  1. All schools include state-funded schools, independent schools, independent special schools, non-maintained special schools, hospital schools, pupil referral units and alternative provision. Alternative provision includes academy and free school alternative provision. Since September 2013, general further education colleges and sixth-form colleges have been able to directly enrol 14 to 16 year-olds. 2014/15 was the first year in which colleges have pupils at the end of key stage 4. From 2016 onwards, entries and achievements for these pupils are included in figures as state-funded schools.
  2. z = When an observation is not applicable
  3. Reformed GCSEs were introduced in phases for first examination between 2017 and 2020. The last phase of reformed GCSEs was first examined in 2022. This was due to the cancellation of exams and assessments in summer 2020 and 2021 due to the impact of the pandemic. All GCSEs now use the 9-1 grading system. Results for 2020 and 2021 are not comparable with earlier years due to the cancellation of exams (due to Covid-19) and changes to way GCSE grades were awarded in those years. GCSE exams returned in 2022 and grades were awarded at a midpoint between 2021 and pre-pandemic grading. Changes were made to the methodology for calculating performance data due to the commitment not to use qualification results awarded between January 2020 and August 2021 in future measures. In 2023 there was a return to pre-pandemic grading, with some protections. 
  4. Only GCSEs and established GCSE equivalents (Cambridge International certificates and Edexcel level 1/2 certificates) are included in this data. Excludes Double Awards.
  5. Grade U refers to pupils' results which are ungraded or unclassified.
  6. Grade X refers to pupils who were absent or whose results are pending.
  7. Discounting has been applied where pupils have taken the same subject more than once. In 2021/22, with the return of the exam series, first entry rules were reintroduced for discounting. Further information can be found in the secondary accountability guidance. For more on the discounting methodology read the Discounting and Early Entry Guidance.
  8. Combined Science GCSE is a Double Award and is included in this table for the purpose of comparison with other Science subjects.
  9. For pupils at the end of KS4 in 2022/23, where pupils achieved qualifications in subjects between January 2020 and August 2021, we will not use results from these qualifications and these results are shown as covid impacted. The entries into the qualifications are still counted. 

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