Data set from Key stage 4 performance

KS4 subject entry level data

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Last updated
National level entries and grades for the latest year for GCSE subjects for all schools.

Data set details

School and college outcomes and performance
Key stage 4 performance
Release type
Geographic levels
  • The number of exams achieving the designated grade
  • The grade of an exam
  • The subject of an exam
Time period

Data set preview

Table showing first 5 rows, from underlying data
202122Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandAll SchoolsAncient HistoryGCSETotal exam entries1070
202122Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandAll SchoolsAncient HistoryGCSE9146
202122Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandAll SchoolsAncient HistoryGCSE8147
202122Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandAll SchoolsAncient HistoryGCSE7174
202122Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandAll SchoolsAncient HistoryGCSE6152

Variables in this data set

Table showing all 3 variables
Variable nameVariable description
gradeThe grade of an exam
number_achievingThe number of exams achieving the designated grade
subjectThe subject of an exam


  1. Combined Science GCSE is a Double Award and is included in this table for the purpose of comparison with other Science subjects.
  2. Grade U refers to pupils' results which are ungraded or unclassified.
  3. Any Design and Technology includes Design and Technology Engineering and Product Design qualifications.
  4. In 2020 and 2021, all GCSEs in England have been reformed and use the new 9 to 1 grading system (rather than A*-G). Year on year comparisons will be limited until these qualifications are consistently included from 2020 onwards. However, results for 2020 and 2021 are not comparable with earlier years due to the cancellation of exams (due to COVID-19) and the changes to the way GCSE grades were awarded and results for 2022 are not comparable with previous years due to the changes relating to grading assessments.
  5. All schools include state-funded schools, independent schools, independent special schools, non-maintained special schools, hospital schools, pupil referral units and alternative provision. Alternative provision includes academy and free school alternative provision. Since September 2013, general further education colleges and sixth-form colleges have been able to directly enrol 14 to 16 year-olds. 2014/15 was the first year in which colleges have pupils at the end of key stage 4. From 2016 onwards, entries and achievements for these pupils are included in figures as state-funded schools.
  6. : = When data is unavailable for other reasons
  7. Discounting has been applied where pupils have taken the same subject more than once. In 2021/22, with the return of the exam series, we have reintroduced first entry rules for discounting. Further information can be found in the secondary accountability guidance. For more on the discounting methodology prior to 2020, read the Discounting and Early Entry Guidance.
  8. Grade X refers to pupils who were absent or whose results are pending.
  9. z = When an observation is not applicable
  10. In 2017, new reformed GCSEs (which use the 9-1 grade scale) were introduced into secondary school performance tables in a phased approach. Unreformed subjects continued to be graded using the A* to G system. Information on how the 9 to 1 scale and the A* to G scale are different and not directly comparable is available in the secondary accountability measures guidance. From 2020 onwards all GCSEs are now reformed and use the 9-1 grading scale.
  11. Only GCSEs and established GCSE equivalents (Cambridge International certificates and Edexcel level 1/2 certificates) are included in this data. Excludes Double Awards.
  12. For pupils at the end of KS4 in 2021/22, where pupils achieved qualifications in subjects between January 2020 and August 2021, we will not use results from these qualifications and these results are shown as covid impacted. The entries into the qualifications are still counted. 

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