Data set from Key stage 4 performance

KS4 subject year of entry data

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National level numbers and proportions of pupils entering GCSE subjects in penultimate and final years in all schools.

Data set details

School and college outcomes and performance
Key stage 4 performance
Release type
Geographic levels
  • The number of pupils
  • The percentage of pupils
  • The school year in which the exam was sat
  • The subject pupils are entered for
Time period

Data set preview

Table showing first 5 rows, from underlying data
202122Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandAll schoolsAncient HistoryTotal1070z
202122Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandAll schoolsAncient HistoryFinal year105298.3
202122Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandAll schoolsAncient HistoryPenultimate year181.7
202122Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandAll schoolsArt and DesignTotal190641z
202122Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandAll schoolsArt and DesignFinal year18688098

Variables in this data set

Table showing all 4 variables
Variable nameVariable description
number_pupilsThe number of pupils
percentageThe percentage of pupils
subjectThe subject pupils are entered for
test_yearThe school year in which the exam was sat


  1. All schools include state-funded schools, independent schools, independent special schools, non-maintained special schools, hospital schools, pupil referral units and alternative provision. Alternative provision includes academy and free school alternative provision. Since September 2013, general further education colleges and sixth-form colleges have been able to directly enrol 14 to 16 year-olds. 2014/15 was the first year in which colleges have pupils at the end of key stage 4. From 2016 onwards, entries and achievements for these pupils are included in figures as state-funded schools.
  2. : = When data is unavailable for other reasons
  3. From 2017, Core Science, Double Science, Additional and Further Science no longer count in the English Baccalaureate.
  4. Discounting has been applied where pupils have taken the same subject more than once. In 2021/22, with the return of the exam series, we have reintroduced first entry rules for discounting. Further information can be found in the secondary accountability guidance. For more on the discounting methodology prior to 2020, read the Discounting and Early Entry Guidance.
  5. From 2014/15, all subject mappings which are classed as Computer Science count towards the English Baccalaureate. In 2013/14, AS Levels and Cambridge International Certificates in Computer Science did not count towards the English Baccalaureate.
  6. From 2017, the new GCSE in Food preparation and nutrition was introduced. This replaces D & T: Food Technology which was previously included in the Design and Technology subject group.
  7. z = When an observation is not applicable

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