Data set from Key stage 4 performance

KS4 GCSE subject entry level data

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Data set details

School and college outcomes and performance
Key stage 4 performance
Release type
Geographic levels
  • The number of exams graded as 1
  • The number of exams graded as 11
  • The number of exams graded as 2
  • The subject pupils are entered for
Time period

Data set preview

Table showing first 5 rows, from underlying data
201920Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandS3All SchoolsTotalTotalAncient HistoryGCSE894zzzzzzzz130127142126102106824229zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz71
201920Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandS3All SchoolsTotalTotalAny classical studyGCSE14307zzzzzzzz54033180236616029184941918624zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz1132
201920Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandS3All SchoolsTotalTotalAny design & technologyGCSE136272zzzzzzzz782011695164692229024364241001855778512469zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz337320
201920Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandS3All SchoolsTotalTotalAny modern languageGCSE293831zzzzzzzz31427311163870238410575174755733093117372829zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz681762
201920Academic yearRevisedNationalE92000001EnglandS3All SchoolsTotalTotalAny scienceGCSE961677zzzzzzzz8648289148104768107334814064768121968957440285592456375779033156621760427759246325490939526555383964441505237992104910212706425801040

Variables in this data set

Table showing first 5 of 38 variables
Variable nameVariable description
*The number of exams graded as A*
1The number of exams graded as 1
11The number of exams graded as 11
2The number of exams graded as 2
21The number of exams graded as 21


  1. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and resulting school closures, the summer exam series was cancelled in 2020. Pupils scheduled to sit GCSE exams in 2020 were awarded either a centre assessment grade submitted by their teachers or their calculated grade using a model developed by Ofqual - whichever was the higher of the two. Due to the changed awarding process for GCSE grades it is recommended that year on year comparisons are not made. For further information: 
  2. Any Design and Technology includes Design and Technology Engineering and Product Design qualifications.
  3. Combined Science GCSE is a Double Award and is included in this table for the purpose of comparison with other Science subjects.
  4. Grade X refers to pupils who were absent or whose results are pending.
  5. : = When data is unavailable for other reasons
  6. Explore education statistics (EES) glossary can be found at
  7. The Secondary accountability measures guidance and subject grouping composition files can be found alongside the KS4 data and metadata files under 'Download associated files'.
  8. All schools include state-funded schools, independent schools, independent special schools, non-maintained special schools, hospital schools, pupil referral units and alternative provision. Alternative provision includes academy and free school alternative provision. Since September 2013, general further education colleges and sixth-form colleges have been able to directly enrol 14 to 16 year-olds. 2014/15 was the first year in which colleges have pupils at the end of key stage 4. From 2016 onwards, entries and achievements for these pupils are included in figures as state-funded schools.
  9. KS4 data and metadata files can be can be found under 'Download associated files'. The subject grouping composition is available under this section.
  10. Some zero percentages may represent small numbers due to rounding.
  11. In 2017, reformed GCSEs (which use the 9-1 grade scale) were introduced into secondary school performance tables in a phased approach. Unreformed subjects continue to be graded using the A* to G system. Information on how the 9 to 1 scale and the A* to G scale are different and not directly comparable is available in the Secondary accountability measures guidance. In 2020, all GCSEs are now reformed and use the 9-1 grading scale.
  12. z = When an observation is not applicable
  13. Figures not present in the data means there are no pupils at the end of key stage 4 for this breakdown.
  14. Discounting has been applied where pupils have taken the same subject more than once. In 2019/20, only Only one entry per subject is counted and we count the entry with the highest grade for results received in Summer 2020. Previously only the first entry grade would count and this is still the case for any results received before Summer 2020. Further information can be found in the secondary accountability guidance where pupils have already entered for an exam within the same subject in 2018/19, first entry rules will still be used. For more on previous years’ discounting methodology prior to 2020, read the Discounting and Early Entry Guidance at: 
  15. Includes entries and achievements by these pupils in previous academic years.
  16. Only GCSEs and established GCSE equivalents (Cambridge International certificates and Edexcel level 1/2 certificates) are included in this data. Excludes Double Awards.
  17. Grade U refers to pupils' results which are ungraded or unclassified.

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