Data set from Suspensions and permanent exclusions in England

Suspensions and permanent exclusions - by characteristic

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Termly number and percentage of permanent exclusions and suspensions and those pupils receiving one or more suspension by pupil characteristics. Includes breakdowns by age, gender, national curriculum year, ethnicity, free school meals (FSM) eligibility and Special Educational Needs. 

Data set details

Pupils and schools
Suspensions and permanent exclusions in England
Release type
Geographic levels
Local authority, National, Regional
  • Headcount
  • Permanent exclusions
  • Permanent exclusions (rate)
  • Pupil characteristic
  • School Type
Time period
2019/20 Autumn term to 2022/23 Spring term

Data set preview

Table showing first 5 rows, from underlying data
Autumn term202223RegionalE92000001EnglandE12000004East MidlandsTotalAgeAge 1058817180.0306033975030.8551949273320.564462655
Autumn term202223RegionalE92000001EnglandE12000004East MidlandsTotalAgeAge 1158200210.03608247427494.72336769812252.104810997
Autumn term202223RegionalE92000001EnglandE12000004East MidlandsTotalAgeAge 1257026610.10696875146818.20853645721823.826324834
Autumn term202223RegionalE92000001EnglandE12000004East MidlandsTotalAgeAge 1355698690.12388236655389.94290638826294.72009767
Autumn term202223RegionalE92000001EnglandE12000004East MidlandsTotalAgeAge 1455666840.15090001152439.41867567327374.916825351

Variables in this data set

Table showing first 5 of 9 variables
Variable nameVariable description
breakdownPupil characteristic - Detail of age, gender, national curriculum year, ethnicity, fsm, SEN
one_plus_suspPupil enrolments with one or more suspension
one_plus_susp_ratePupil enrolments with one or moresuspension (rate)
perm_exclPermanent exclusions


  1. For 2019/20 and 2020/21, while suspensions and permanent exclusions were possible throughout the academic year, pandemic restrictions will have had an impact on the numbers presented and caution should be taken when comparing across years.
  2. Total pupil headcounts are only available at spring term each year. Exclusion and suspension rates by ethnicity are therefore calculated based on pupil headcounts as at spring term for the academic year.  As a result, total headcounts by ethnicity may not sum to the same total as for other characteristics.
  3. From 2023/24 the school census data item ‘sex’ replaced ‘gender’. Historical use of the word “gender” in the data collection may have meant that “gender identity” was reported in some cases, as opposed to legal sex. While this is unlikely to have a significant effect on overall figures, it may affect figures in more granular subdivisions. Time-series in this publication prior to spring 2023 which contained gender as a category may be affected.
  4. Data on one or more suspensions may not match the totals in the "Permanent exclusions and suspensions - by geography" data file - this occurs where a characteristic changes within the term and suspensions are recorded separately against each. For example, a pupil with multiple suspensions while recorded as not having SEN and with multiple suspensions while recorded as SEN support in the same term, will count as two enrolments in this data.

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