Data set from Pupil attendance in schools

Persistent absence since Autumn 2016

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National persistent absence figures in Autumn terms from 2016/17 to 2022/23. Figures for 2016/17 to 2021/22 are from school census and 2022/23 are from daily attendance data.

Data set details

Pupils and schools
Pupil attendance in schools
Release type
Geographic levels
  • Additional as a result of Code X
  • Including Code X
  • Persistent absence rate
Time period
2016/17 Autumn term to 2022/23 Autumn term

Data set preview

Table showing first 5 rows, from underlying data
201617Autumn termNationalE92000001England11.6011.6
201718Autumn termNationalE92000001England11.7011.7
201819Autumn termNationalE92000001England10.9010.9
201920Autumn termNationalE92000001England13.1013.1
202021Autumn termNationalE92000001England1331.644.6

Variables in this data set

Table showing all 3 variables
Variable nameVariable description
code_x_persistent_absenceAdditional as a result of Code X
persistent_absencePersistent absence rate
total_persistent_absenceIncluding Code X


  1. Absence refers to children who are absent for authorised and unauthorised reasons, this includes children who are absent with a positive COVID case, but does not include children who are isolating but have not had a confirmed positive case, e.g. as a contact.
  2. COVID non-attendance refers to children who are not attending school due to public health guidelines. For the autumn term 2021, this should mostly have been used to record where a pupil was absent from school with symptoms of COVID-19 whilst awaiting the results of a test or as a contact. This differs to previous terms when this code was also used where pupils were advised to shield, were quarantining after returning from abroad, or were in class bubbles advised to isolate. In these circumstances schools are expected to provide remote education.
  3. 31.6% and 8.7% relate to the additional pupils when COVID non-attendance is included. Some of these pupils will have reached 10% or more by a combination of COVID non-attendance and absence.

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