Data set from Pupil absence in schools in England

National absence by characteristics

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Data set details

Pupils and schools
Pupil absence in schools in England
Release type
Geographic levels
  • Authorised absence rate
  • Authorised absence rate exact
  • Number of authorised absence sessions
  • Characteristic
  • School type
Time period
2012/13 to 2018/19

Data set preview

Table showing first 5 rows, from underlying data
Academic yearsix half terms201819NationalE92000001EnglandTotalTotalTotal7105958252230023711920728983570764356365254.726133.313281.4128677186310.8621924567726946824152274736081935054419.0592111.18287.8764162028416702395412842887131162596781673684:204997275881628262127010265362181282621845078136037735283643117904913
Academic yearsix half terms201819NationalE92000001EnglandTotalGenderGender male363595012896019756201362043558423184551974.808743.377661.4310840462711.1285112881475724969212147408571022835519.3838111.443457.94036317309253554748660434369106132542868097:14986254233485430479625176815948718114407007022791826851261316474
Academic yearsix half terms201819NationalE92000001EnglandTotalGenderGender female347000712326978865719366940012341171813284.639723.245921.393836723610.583151168625122185494012732751912218918.7014110.89557.80592302974913469206623854344010127136805587:5513473354677395733085088547864108104043786580981701513156588439
Academic yearsix half terms201819NationalE92000001EnglandTotalMajor ethnic groupsEthnicity Major White Total522031418653047369057023263848144267220884.855523.422931.4325958723411.2490218907885836888099218077071508039219.5093711.533667.975724807122453732871159495247632504341276216:156476958598506303649275082631319110166551339409352642344189459933
Academic yearsix half terms201819NationalE92000001EnglandTotalMinor ethnic groupsEthnicity Minor White British470039616842914228110293857649641234532974.815263.422781.3924751839411.0287316823623832945989197278431321814619.5831711.726277.856943530206488576851946487396925871138121:145261152937685693240366419121201559145581247954602319705580129458

Variables in this data set

Table showing first 5 of 35 variables
Variable nameVariable description
characteristicCharacteristic - Filter by pupil characteristic
enrolmentsNumber of pupil enrolments
enrolments_pa_10_exactNumber of persistent absentees
enrolments_pa_10_exact_percentPercentage of persistent absentees
school_typeSchool type - Filter by school type


  1. The definition of persistent absence changed from the 2015/16 academic year - The information presented for years prior to 2015/16 has been produced using the same methodology in order to allow users to make comparisons on a consistent basis over time.
  2. The percentage of persistent absentees is the number of persistent absentees expressed as a percentage of the total number of enrolments.
  3. Minority ethnic group includes pupils who have been classified according to their ethnic group, excluding White British.
  4. Special schools include maintained special schools, non-maintained special schools and special academies. Excludes general hospital schools, independent special schools and independent schools approved for SEN pupils.
  5. State-funded primary schools include all primary academies, including free schools.
  6. Social Emotional and Mental Health was added as a new type of need in 2015, the previous type of need Behaviour, Emotional and Social Difficulties has been removed although it is not expected it should be a direct replacement.
  7. Number of enrolments includes pupils on the school roll for at least one session who are aged between 5 and 15, excluding boarders. Some pupils may be counted more than once (if they moved schools during the academic year or are registered in more than one school).
  8. Absence rates are the number of absence sessions expressed as a percentage of the total number of possible sessions.
  9. Figures for pupils with unclassified or missing characteristics information should be interpreted with caution.
  10. State-funded secondary schools include city technology colleges and all secondary academies, including all-through academies and free schools.
  11. In September 2014 the Special Educational Needs and Disability (SEND) provisions were introduced in the Children and Families Act 2014. This reform caused changes to SEN categories - Education, Health and Care (EHC) plans were introduced and SEN support replaces school action and school action plus but some pupils remain with these provision types in first year of transition (2014/15).
  12. From 2014/15 SEN support replaced School Action and School Action plus but some pupils remain with these provision types. Those who were formerly School Action did not provide type of need in previous years. Those who remain on school action provision are not included here but have been included within the SEN support category in other tables.
  13. Pupil enrolments missing 10 percent or more of their own possible sessions (due to authorised or unauthorised absence) are classified as persistent absentees.

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