Data set from Key stage 4 performance

Subject year of entry data

Latest data
Last updated

National level numbers and proportions of pupils entering GCSE subjects in penultimate and final years in all schools.

Data set details

School and college outcomes and performance
Key stage 4 performance
Release type
Geographic levels
  • The percentage of pupils
  • The number of pupils
  • The school year in which the exam was sat
  • The subject pupils are entered for
Time period

Data set preview

Table showing first 5 rows, from underlying data
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAll schoolsGCSEAll SubjectsTotal4736497z
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAll schoolsGCSEAll SubjectsFinal year464765598.1
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAll schoolsGCSEAll SubjectsPenultimate year829271.8
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAll schoolsGCSEAncient HistoryTotal1219z
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAll schoolsGCSEAncient HistoryFinal year120298.6

Variables in this data set

Table showing all 4 variables
Variable nameVariable description
number_pupilsThe number of pupils
percentageThe percentage of pupils
subjectThe subject pupils are entered for
test_yearThe school year in which the exam was sat


  1. All schools include state-funded schools, independent schools, independent special schools, non-maintained special schools, hospital schools, pupil referral units and alternative provision. Alternative provision includes academy and free school alternative provision. Since September 2013, general further education colleges and sixth-form colleges have been able to directly enrol 14 to 16 year-olds. 2014/15 was the first year in which colleges have pupils at the end of key stage 4. From 2016 onwards, entries and achievements for these pupils are included in figures as state-funded schools.
  2. Some zero percentages may represent small numbers due to rounding.
  3. z = When an observation is not applicable
  4. Discounting has been applied where pupils have taken the same subject more than once. In 2021/22, with the return of the exam series, first entry rules were reintroduced for discounting. Further information can be found in the secondary accountability guidance. For more on the discounting methodology read the Discounting and Early Entry Guidance.
  5. Some percentages may not add up to exactly 100% due to rounding. 

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