Data set from Key stage 4 performance

National data

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National level headline entry and attainment measures broken down by year, detailed school type, gender, prior attainment, school admission type and school religious denomination.


Data set details

Theme
School and college outcomes and performance
Publication
Key stage 4 performance
Release type
Geographic levels
National
Indicators
  • Average Attainment 8 score of all pupils
  • Average EBacc APS score per pupil
  • Average Progress 8 score of all pupils
Filters
  • Gender
  • Attainment level assigned to pupil based on their KS2 results
  • Basis for admission into the school e.g. non-selective schools in other areas, selective schools
Time period
2009/10 to 2022/23

Data set preview

Table showing first 5 rows, from underlying data
time_periodtime_identifiergeographic_levelcountry_codecountry_nameversionestablishment_typebreakdowngenderprior_attainmentadmission_typereligious_denominationt_schoolst_pupilst_att8avg_att8t_entbasicspt_entbasicst_l2basics_95pt_l2basics_95t_l2basics_94pt_l2basics_94t_ebacc_e_ptq_eept_ebacc_e_ptq_eet_ebacc_95pt_ebacc_95t_ebacc_94pt_ebacc_94t_ebaccapsavg_ebaccapst_inp8calct_p8scoreavg_p8scorep8score_ci_lowp8score_ci_uppt_p8engavg_p8engp8eng_ci_lowp8eng_ci_uppt_p8matavg_p8matp8mat_ci_lowp8mat_ci_uppt_p8ebacavg_p8ebacp8ebac_ci_lowp8ebac_ci_uppt_p8openavg_p8openp8open_ci_lowp8open_ci_uppt_entry_1pt_entry_1t_anypasspt_anypasst_ebaceng_ept_ebaceng_et_ebacmat_ept_ebacmat_et_ebac2sci_ept_ebac2sci_et_ebachum_ept_ebachum_et_ebaclan_ept_ebaclan_et_ebaceng_95pt_ebaceng_95t_ebacmat_95pt_ebacmat_95t_ebac2sci_95pt_ebac2sci_95t_ebachum_95pt_ebachum_95t_ebaclan_95pt_ebaclan_95t_ebaceng_94pt_ebaceng_94t_ebacmat_94pt_ebacmat_94t_ebac2sci_94pt_ebac2sci_94t_ebachum_94pt_ebachum_94t_ebaclan_94pt_ebaclan_94t_ebptseng_llavg_ebptseng_llt_ebptsmatavg_ebptsmatt_ebptssciavg_ebptsscit_ebptshumavg_ebptshumt_ebptslanavg_ebptslant_att8_engavg_att8_engt_att8_matavg_att8_matt_att8_ebacavg_att8_ebact_att8_openavg_att8_opent_att8_open_gavg_att8_open_gt_att8_open_ngavg_att8_open_ngt_ebac_fillavg_ebac_fillt_open_fillavg_open_fillt_ebaccsubjent_0pt_ebaccsubjent_0t_ebaccsubjent_1pt_ebaccsubjent_1t_ebaccsubjent_2pt_ebaccsubjent_2t_ebaccsubjent_3pt_ebaccsubjent_3t_ebaccsubjent_4pt_ebaccsubjent_4t_ent_comb_scipt_ent_comb_scit_eballsci_ptq_eept_eballsci_ptq_eet_triplesci_ept_triplesci_et_ent_hist_geogpt_ent_hist_geogt_multilan_ept_multilan_et_entered_artpt_entered_artt_entered_music_qualpt_entered_music_qualt_entered_arts_qualpt_entered_arts_qual
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAcademies and free schoolsPrior attainmentBoysHigh priorTotalTotal2435517893381301.1665.35155999.64474986.44910294.83114660.12055239.72550849.3310515.52651789-4455.865-0.09-0.1-0.07-14504.13-0.28-0.29-0.278397.2750.160.150.17-1333.108-0.03-0.04-0.01-12620.567-0.24-0.26-0.235165299.75163499.75130799.15158799.65134199.14668390.13379265.24640089.6476279244681873895483.42382670.54935095.35056597.64903095.54231890.62841184.13345306.46355620.636.87343521.26.632956955.71190216.893.6767003412.9711241.2613.71031064.1519.9968961.7518.7864539.2516.7104422.52153324315304731720.31260.21790.321684.21799834.82006638.73127660.43121760.372321426205.11319825.547569.21739233.6
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAcademies and free schoolsPrior attainmentBoysLow priorTotalTotal2365516281385702.526.84932195.532266.21139022.1732414.23250.69811.9112698.692.1851628-5016.695-0.1-0.11-0.08-11164.81-0.22-0.23-0.25728.5850.110.10.12-1362.105-0.03-0.04-0.01-11764.697-0.23-0.24-0.215014497.14943395.74758592.249573964795192.93880375.2884217.1920417.8543910.537597.838299.9208223.51898536.815463301028621.5776620296633.51538262.981349212.61133442.52.58914891.77290640.5631046262698425.23770367.3428362.58.3281544.55.51468182.81297092.51316892.618463.610812.114522.8755114.63237462.74546888.124904.824634.83621749511741433.732396.32443947.3
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAcademies and free schoolsPrior attainmentBoysMid priorTotalTotal24461204295465786.945.411905898.95312744.18628771.64400636.5114299.52092417.4476078.473.95120429-17058.405-0.14-0.15-0.13-36484.545-0.3-0.31-0.2914156.7450.120.110.13-6212.091-0.05-0.06-0.04-37972.401-0.32-0.32-0.3111954499.311930799.111749597.61192359911765297.710492287.14824440.17032458.466255555275544.84689944.71796837.29358177.797494818215969.86419761.22674455.45699744.735694004.73540583.074.494416163.67194315.131.6111435279.511388009.51593001.2613.21590458.6413.21216673.3910.1373785.253.13440782.93444652.911080.99440.810970.987167.26455853.69118675.726483222636621.91260910.520691.73392828.282306.84897640.7
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAcademies and free schoolsTotalBoysTotalTotalTotal245023889310853170.7145.42340529810665744.615464464.78801936.83452414.55048821.1955931.574223846-26530.965-0.12-0.12-0.11-62153.485-0.28-0.28-0.2728282.6050.130.120.13-8907.304-0.04-0.05-0.03-62357.665-0.28-0.29-0.2723584498.723464598.222975196.223474998.323099996.720114284.29812741.113258255.512632252.910735046.59436846.9490825017054471.417279372.314960364.812025959.86395465.211181474.681124854.134.711080429.274.528733923.66458339.651.9222453009.42249708.269.43198123.1613.43160039.2913.22505456.2910.56545832.76664232.86673022.837441.62386131751.3203398.512123050.716706769.96396426.86374526.72489010.464342.76922629173567.39695840.6
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedAcademies and free schoolsPrior attainmentGirlsHigh priorTotalTotal2457546253699511.8167.75432399.44827188.45263296.43609066.12739050.13201458.6340521.436.23546258599.8780.160.150.1716428.090.30.290.31-6312.795-0.12-0.13-0.13901.2340.070.060.0914553.7130.270.250.285443499.75441799.65403698.95435599.55393398.74905489.83955972.45165894.64921090.14727087.64305787.832024815319897.45316297.35171195.94579393.43593790.83844497.04359947.386.59360682.586.63311216.06246251.754.5177027814.1719898.7613.2110356220.21105773.0520.2993063.0518.21127102.1161220316126032390.41790.32430.416743.11620029.72299442.13094356.63092656.652509.6325262756950.549639.13074856.3

Variables in this data set

Table showing first 5 of 130 variables
Variable nameVariable description
admission_typeBasis for admission into the school e.g. non-selective schools in other areas, selective schools
avg_att8Average Attainment 8 score of all pupils
avg_att8_ebacAverage Attainment 8 score of all pupils for Ebacc element
avg_att8_engAverage Attainment 8 score of all pupils for English element
avg_att8_matAverage Attainment 8 score of all pupils for mathematics element

Footnotes

  1. All schools include state-funded schools, independent schools, independent special schools, non-maintained special schools, hospital schools, pupil referral units and alternative provision. Alternative provision includes academy and free school alternative provision. Since September 2013, general further education colleges and sixth-form colleges have been able to directly enrol 14 to 16 year-olds. 2014/15 was the first year in which colleges have pupils at the end of key stage 4. From 2016 onwards, entries and achievements for these pupils are included in figures as state-funded schools.
  2. All state-funded schools include local authority maintained mainstream schools, academies, free schools, city technology colleges, further education colleges with provision for 14 to 16 year-olds and state-funded special schools. They exclude independent schools, independent special schools, non-maintained special schools, hospital schools, pupil referral units and alternative provision. Alternative provision includes academy and free school alternative provision. 
  3. State-funded mainstream schools include academies, free schools, city technology colleges and further education colleges with provision for 14 to 16 year-olds. They exclude  state-funded special schools, independent schools, independent special schools, non-maintained special schools, hospital schools and alternative provision (including pupil referral units, AP free schools and AP academies as well as state-funded AP placements in other institutions). Further education colleges with 14-16 provision are included in the total figure for all state-funded schools but not in the breakdowns by religious character or school admissions; therefore, figures by religious character or school admissions will not add up to the figure for all state-funded mainstream schools.
  4. Local authority (LA) maintained mainstream schools include community schools, voluntary aided schools, voluntary controlled schools and foundation schools. Schools fully or partially under local authority control that are state-funded, mainly by the Dedicated Schools Grant. 
  5. All State-funded special schools include community special schools, foundation special schools, special sponsored academies, special converter academies and special free schools.
  6. All independent schools include non-maintained special schools, independent special schools and independent schools.
  7. State-funded special schools include local authority maintained special schools, academy sponsor led special schools, academy special schools and special free schools. They exclude independent special schools and non-maintained special schools.
  8. Hospital, PRU & AP schools include Community Hospital School, Foundation Hospital School, Pupil Referral Unit, sponsored academies, convertor academies, free school and alternative provision.
  9. Academies and free schools include sponsored academies, converter academies, free schools, studio schools and university technical colleges (UTCs).
  10. Most secondary schools educate pupils from year 7 (age 11 to 12) to year 11 (age 15 to 16). Some schools and colleges, such as university technical colleges (UTCs), studio schools or further education colleges with key stage 4 provision, differ in their age range and specialisms and this should be borne in mind when reviewing the performance tables data for these types of provision. For example, Progress 8 measures the progress made by pupils from the end of year 6 (end of primary school) through to the end of year 11, covering a period of five years. In UTCs, studio schools and some other academies, pupils typically start in year 10, rather than in year 7 as is the case for most secondary schools. This means that, by the end of year 11, pupils in these schools will have typically attended that school for only 2 years, compared to 5 years for pupils in most secondary schools. As a result, the Progress 8 data for these schools is not directly comparable with the Progress 8 data for other schools. UTCs, studio schools and some FE colleges with KS4 provision provide a specialist technical and professional education. The government’s position is that it is not appropriate to expect the same rates of EBacc entry from these types of provision and that each school should decide on a case by case basis whether its specialist curriculum is compatible with the full EBacc.
  11. Selective schools admit pupils wholly or mainly with reference to ability. These schools are formally designated as grammar schools.
  12. Non selective schools in highly selective areas: Includes all non-selective schools in local authorities with a high level of selection (where 25% or more of state-funded secondary places are in state-funded selective schools). These local authorities are Bexley, Buckinghamshire, Kent, Lincolnshire, Medway, Slough, Southend-on-Sea, Sutton, Torbay, Trafford and Wirral.
  13. Non selective schools in other areas: Includes all non-selective schools that are not in highly selective areas, including those in areas with some selection.
  14. Religious character is taken from the GIAS (Get information about schools) website and is the legal designation of each school. Any state-funded mainstream schools who do not have their religious character recorded on the GIAS website are recorded in 'no religious character'. Religious character is taken from GIAS and are given as at 12 September at the start of the academic year, and is the legal designation of each school. 
  15. Since September 2013, general further education (FE) colleges and sixth-form colleges have been able to directly enrol 14- to 16-year-olds. Entries and achievements for these pupils are included in figures as state-funded schools. As FE colleges do not complete the school census, pupils at the end of key stage 4 attending FE colleges are included in the all pupils lines but not in the majority of the characteristics breakdowns. Therefore, there are some cases where the individual characteristics breakdowns will not add up to the all pupils figure. Pupils in FE colleges are included in the free school meals and disadvantaged figures from 2015/16 onwards.
  16. Some zero percentages may represent small numbers due to rounding.
  17. z = When an observation is not applicable
  18. : = When data is unavailable for other reasons
  19. In 2020 and 2021  Progress 8 data was not published because of the cancellation of GCSE exams (due to COVID-19). Calculating Progress 8 has an element of modelling (estimating the average Attainment 8 score for pupils with similar prior attainment) and with the lack of exam data, the Progress 8 measure is not meaningful as a measure of Progress. Progress 8 was reintroduced from 2022.
  20. A Progress 8 score of 1.0 means pupils in the group make on average approximately a grade more progress than the national average; a score of -0.5 means they make on average approximately half a grade less progress than average. Progress 8 scores should be interpreted alongside the associated confidence intervals. If the lower bound of the confidence interval is greater than zero, it can be interpreted as meaning that the group achieves greater than average progress compared to pupils in mainstream schools nationally and that this is statistically significant. If the upper bound is negative, this means that the group achieves lower than average progress compared to pupils in mainstream schools nationally and that this is statistically significant.
  21. EBacc sciences includes the double award GCSE in combined science, and single GCSEs in biology, chemistry, physics and computer science.
  22. Reformed GCSEs were introduced in phases for first examination between 2017 and 2020. The last phase of reformed GCSEs was first examined in 2022. This was due to the cancellation of exams and assessments in summer 2020 and 2021 due to the impact of the pandemic. All GCSEs now use the 9-1 grading system. Results for 2020 and 2021 are not comparable with earlier years due to the cancellation of exams (due to Covid-19) and changes to way GCSE grades were awarded in those years. GCSE exams returned in 2022 and grades were awarded at a midpoint between 2021 and pre-pandemic grading. Changes were made to the methodology for calculating performance data due to the commitment not to use qualification results awarded between January 2020 and August 2021 in future measures. In 2023 there was a return to pre-pandemic grading, with some protections. 
  23. The open element contains the three highest point scores in any three other subjects, including English language or literature (if not counted in the English slot), further GCSE qualifications (including English Baccalaureate subjects) or any other non-GCSE qualifications on the DfE approved list.
  24. Average number of slots filled that contains U grades or other qualifications scoring 0 points are counted as a non-filled slot.
  25. Sub totals may not sum to the grand total due to a small number of pupils with missing information e.g. for  SEN, EAL, prior attainment level, religious denomination and admission type.
  26. Subjects included in the 'entered art' indicator include: Applied Art and Design, Art and Design, Drama, Media/Film/TV, Music, Dance and Performing Arts.

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