Data set from Childcare and early years provider survey

Proportion of staff earning below NLW (2019, 2021 and 2022)

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The proportion of paid staff aged 23 and over earning below the National Living Wage. Refers to gross pay, before tax and National Insurance are deducted.  Temporary staff are included but volunteer staff and apprentices are excluded.  

Data set details

Early years
Childcare and early years provider survey
Release type
Geographic levels
  • Percentage earning below NLW
  • Unweighted base
  • Provider type
Time period
2019 to 2022

Data set preview

Table showing first 5 rows, from underlying data
2022Calendar yearNationalE92000001EnglandSchool-based providers offering nursery162385
2022Calendar yearNationalE92000001EnglandMaintained nursery schools18135
2022Calendar yearNationalE92000001EnglandAll school-based providers162520
2022Calendar yearNationalE92000001EnglandPrivate group-based providers134162
2022Calendar yearNationalE92000001EnglandVoluntary group-based providers162662

Variables in this data set

Table showing all 3 variables
Variable nameVariable description
percentagePercentage earning below NLW
provider_typeProvider type
unweighted_baseUnweighted base


  1. Refers to gross pay, before any tax and National Insurance deductions.
  2. Includes temporary staff but excludes volunteer staff and apprentices.
  3. The way voluntary, private and ‘other’ group-based providers are defined changed between 2021 and 2022. This means year-on-year comparisons for these categories of provider are not possible. Figures for the total ‘all group-based provider’ category are not affected and can be compared.
  4. Childminders' incomes cannot be compared to those for other workers. As they are self-employed, instead of being paid a salary, they draw an income from the profits made by their business and their income is not subject to minimum wage legislation.

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