Data set from A level and other 16 to 18 results

Retention - student characteristics

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Retention metrics for all qualification cohorts, by student characteristics. 

Student characteristics include gender, ethnicity, disadvantage status, free school meal provision, first language, special educational needs (SEN) provision, and KS4 prior attainment.

Data set details

School and college outcomes and performance
A level and other 16 to 18 results
Release type
Geographic levels
  • % retained
  • % retained and assessed
  • % returned and retained for a second year
  • Characteristic
  • Cohort
Time period
2018/19 to 2022/23

Data set preview

Table showing first 5 rows, from underlying data
201819Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedGenderFemaleA levelLevel 313314613183812186111957211274791.52489.80585.519
201920Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandFinalGenderFemaleA levelLevel 312819012572111842011656911195792.37990.93589.052
202021Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandFinalGenderFemaleA levelLevel 312367412268011664611572811380994.31793.57592.769
202122Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedGenderFemaleA levelLevel 312673712614112057611966611847495.13994.42193.922
202223Academic yearNationalE92000001EnglandRevisedGenderFemaleA levelLevel 313058712985412214312100711985693.53492.66492.301

Variables in this data set

Table showing first 5 of 7 variables
Variable nameVariable description
perc_retained% retained
perc_retained_and_assessed% retained and assessed
perc_returned_and_retained% returned and retained for a second year


  1. Figures for the total number of students may not match the sum of females and males, as not all institutions recorded the gender for every student.
  2. Disadvantage status is as reported at the end of key stage 4. Analysis involving disadvantage status includes students at state-funded schools and colleges only.
  3. EHC plans and statements of SEN are legal documents which detail the needs of the individual student, and the assistance they are to receive.
  4. A change to the trigger rules was introduced in 2020/21  such that students were no longer automatically reported after two years in 16-18 study. The introduction caused a fall in cohort size, particular within the vocational and technical cohorts. A full impact analysis can be found in the <a href="">methodology document</a>.

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